• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Art
  • Word count: 2346

Contrast the priorities of the northern and southern Renaissance.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Contrast the priorities of the northern and southern Renaissance. The renaissance was a period in European cultural history that began in Italy around 1400 and lasted there until the end of the 16th century. It flourished later elsewhere in Europe and lasted until the 17th century. The Renaissance brought an all around change in the way people thought and in their beliefs. People began to discover the world and discover themselves as individuals. The world was beginning to change, technology progressed, and art and music became liberated. The Renaissance could also be known as a "Revival of Learning". People began to question the basic facts of life of which they were forced to accept. Acceptance was replaced with questioning, experimenting, understanding and learning. Central to the renaissance was humanism, the belief in the active, rather then the contemplative life and a faith in the republican ideal. However the greatest expression of the renaissance was in arts and learning. For example Alberti, in his writings on painting, created both methods of painting using perspective to create an illusion of a third dimension and a classically inspired non-religious subject matter. Even in his architecture, he created a system of simple proportion that was to be followed for hundreds of years. The Renaissance was heralded by the work of the early 14th-century painter Giotto in Florence, and in the early 15th century a handful of outstanding innovative artists emerged there: Masaccio, in painting, Donatello, in sculpture, and Brunelleschi, in architecture. ...read more.

Middle

He also believed that their study along with the Bible would promote greater religious devotion and goodness. This piety through literature was the basis of Erasmus's educational philosophy and his religious reformism. Erasmus attacked clerical abuse through his literature, he wrote "I could see that the common body of Christians were corrupt not only in its affections, but in its ideas." Like Erasmus, Petrarch restored the Latin classics and he initiated the recovery and revision of ancient texts that followed with the early 15th century. Petrarch would be considered a northern humanist because although he was born in Florence, he was raised in Provence. However although Humanism is associated more with the northern renaissance, the humanists of Italy had similar beliefs - Alberti of Florence believed that each person was responsible for their own destiny. The longing to come to terms with the way in which the world worked was an essential attribute in the learning of the renaissance, and it is certainly no big shock that important scientific developments occurred during the 15th and 16th centuries. Although Columbus was born in Italy, he would be associated with the northern renaissance, as his culture was purely Spanish. All his letters, even those addressed to Italians, were in Spanish. His studies of the Pole Star led him to the conclusion that the Earth was pear-shaped. ...read more.

Conclusion

1450. Bramante came closest to the recreation of classical ideas with works such as the Tempietto of San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, c. 1510 and the new basilica of St Peter's in Rome, begun 1506. Other Renaissance architects in Italy include Michelangelo, Giulio Romano, Palladio, Vignola, Sangallo, and Raphael. As Renaissance architecture spread throughout the rest of Europe it often acquired a distinctively national character through the influence of indigenous styles. Renaissance architecture in England is exemplified by the Queen's House at Greenwich, London, built by Inigo Jones 1637 and in France by the Louvre Palace built for Fran�ois I 1546. In Spain, a fusion of Renaissance and Gothic architectural forms led to the flamboyant style called Plateresque, 'Manuellian' in Portugal, typified by the fa�ade of the university at Salamanca, completed 1529. Overall, we can see that although the renaissance throughout Europe, meant a change in the way people thought, its' priorities varied from country to country. The Italian renaissance prioritised their art producing many famous works of art such as de Vinci's 'Mona Lisa', Michaelangelo's 'David' and hundreds more, nevertheless, humanism and discovery were not excluded. However the northern renaissance prioritised Humanism and discovery, although playing an important role in renaissance art. _____________________________ Sandra Byrne 1999 - First Year European Essay Tutor: Daire Keogh Student: Sandra Byrne Title: "Contrast the priorities of the northern and southern Renaissance. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Art section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Art essays

  1. Compare and contrast the northern with the Italian renaissance.

    Another important aspect of the Renaissance was the great progress in art. Renaissance artists were considered important individuals in their own right, and it is at this point that names like those of Raphael, Leonardo, and Michelangelo appear. Their painting styles were much more naturalistic than those of the Middle Ages.

  2. Why did the Renaissance start in Italy during the 15th century?

    Italian scholars began to take an interest in these original manuscripts and learnt Greek from the Greek scholars. Their interest was so great that they started to search for other ancient manuscripts. These works opened up whole new areas of thought and encourages people to think again about long-accepted ideas and beliefs.

  1. The Development of Landscape Painting in the Italian Renaissance.

    Its predecessor can be traced to Roman Odyssey landscapes, a convention that was lost in the Middle Ages. But by the beginning of the fifteenth century, the panoramic vista fully reemerged, achieving a more extensive view through the use of aerial perspective.

  2. "The Renaissance Is An Important Landmark In The History Of Art, But In Other ...

    Not only just known in the field of painting, but also in architecture and music, this new twist in Italian culture gradually became accepted on the international scene as the norm for this age. In architecture especially we can still marvel at the wonderful sights like the Dome of Florence or St.

  1. Artists express their personal experiences, social values and cultural beliefs through a number of ...

    The fact that the Aboriginal people in this artwork are ghost-like and the 'solidness' of their bodies' have been omitted is strange. Leah King-Smith has used her art making, to share her personal values and to comment on society.

  2. Visit To London Aquarium

    The creature that frightened me was the ray, as it just appeared rapidly in front of our faces from nowhere. Moreover, I was quite surprised to see clearly the features of it. If you look at the ray in a different point of view you can see a human's face.

  1. The Renaissance, begun in 1350 in Florence, Italy, brought on a rebirth and rediscovery ...

    Similar innovations were also made in the field of art. The Renaissance's revival of art came along with new influences on the world. Art was greatly encouraged and thus artists were very influential, they are hired by powerful and wealthy patrons to do artistic work everywhere.

  2. Since my first encounter with Kandinsky's art I was amazed by their complexity and ...

    This chapter is concluded with the words "Matisse - colour. Picasso - form. Two great pointers toward one great goal." In the second part of On the Spiritual in Art Kandinsky discusses the physical and psychological effects of colour on the viewer.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work