• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Art
  • Word count: 2346

Contrast the priorities of the northern and southern Renaissance.

Extracts from this document...


Contrast the priorities of the northern and southern Renaissance. The renaissance was a period in European cultural history that began in Italy around 1400 and lasted there until the end of the 16th century. It flourished later elsewhere in Europe and lasted until the 17th century. The Renaissance brought an all around change in the way people thought and in their beliefs. People began to discover the world and discover themselves as individuals. The world was beginning to change, technology progressed, and art and music became liberated. The Renaissance could also be known as a "Revival of Learning". People began to question the basic facts of life of which they were forced to accept. Acceptance was replaced with questioning, experimenting, understanding and learning. Central to the renaissance was humanism, the belief in the active, rather then the contemplative life and a faith in the republican ideal. However the greatest expression of the renaissance was in arts and learning. For example Alberti, in his writings on painting, created both methods of painting using perspective to create an illusion of a third dimension and a classically inspired non-religious subject matter. Even in his architecture, he created a system of simple proportion that was to be followed for hundreds of years. The Renaissance was heralded by the work of the early 14th-century painter Giotto in Florence, and in the early 15th century a handful of outstanding innovative artists emerged there: Masaccio, in painting, Donatello, in sculpture, and Brunelleschi, in architecture. ...read more.


He also believed that their study along with the Bible would promote greater religious devotion and goodness. This piety through literature was the basis of Erasmus's educational philosophy and his religious reformism. Erasmus attacked clerical abuse through his literature, he wrote "I could see that the common body of Christians were corrupt not only in its affections, but in its ideas." Like Erasmus, Petrarch restored the Latin classics and he initiated the recovery and revision of ancient texts that followed with the early 15th century. Petrarch would be considered a northern humanist because although he was born in Florence, he was raised in Provence. However although Humanism is associated more with the northern renaissance, the humanists of Italy had similar beliefs - Alberti of Florence believed that each person was responsible for their own destiny. The longing to come to terms with the way in which the world worked was an essential attribute in the learning of the renaissance, and it is certainly no big shock that important scientific developments occurred during the 15th and 16th centuries. Although Columbus was born in Italy, he would be associated with the northern renaissance, as his culture was purely Spanish. All his letters, even those addressed to Italians, were in Spanish. His studies of the Pole Star led him to the conclusion that the Earth was pear-shaped. ...read more.


1450. Bramante came closest to the recreation of classical ideas with works such as the Tempietto of San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, c. 1510 and the new basilica of St Peter's in Rome, begun 1506. Other Renaissance architects in Italy include Michelangelo, Giulio Romano, Palladio, Vignola, Sangallo, and Raphael. As Renaissance architecture spread throughout the rest of Europe it often acquired a distinctively national character through the influence of indigenous styles. Renaissance architecture in England is exemplified by the Queen's House at Greenwich, London, built by Inigo Jones 1637 and in France by the Louvre Palace built for Fran�ois I 1546. In Spain, a fusion of Renaissance and Gothic architectural forms led to the flamboyant style called Plateresque, 'Manuellian' in Portugal, typified by the fa�ade of the university at Salamanca, completed 1529. Overall, we can see that although the renaissance throughout Europe, meant a change in the way people thought, its' priorities varied from country to country. The Italian renaissance prioritised their art producing many famous works of art such as de Vinci's 'Mona Lisa', Michaelangelo's 'David' and hundreds more, nevertheless, humanism and discovery were not excluded. However the northern renaissance prioritised Humanism and discovery, although playing an important role in renaissance art. _____________________________ Sandra Byrne 1999 - First Year European Essay Tutor: Daire Keogh Student: Sandra Byrne Title: "Contrast the priorities of the northern and southern Renaissance. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Art section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Art essays

  1. The Development of Landscape Painting in the Italian Renaissance.

    Its predecessor can be traced to Roman Odyssey landscapes, a convention that was lost in the Middle Ages. But by the beginning of the fifteenth century, the panoramic vista fully reemerged, achieving a more extensive view through the use of aerial perspective.

  2. Why did the Renaissance start in Italy during the 15th century?

    Italian scholars began to take an interest in these original manuscripts and learnt Greek from the Greek scholars. Their interest was so great that they started to search for other ancient manuscripts. These works opened up whole new areas of thought and encourages people to think again about long-accepted ideas and beliefs.

  1. Compare and contrast the northern with the Italian renaissance.

    Another important aspect of the Renaissance was the great progress in art. Renaissance artists were considered important individuals in their own right, and it is at this point that names like those of Raphael, Leonardo, and Michelangelo appear. Their painting styles were much more naturalistic than those of the Middle Ages.

  2. The boundaries between culture and nature have collapsed and the body has become flexible

    Yet, grey is such a versatile colour, almost chameleon, changes so subtly, according to which colour is beside it, flexible and open to interpretation. Re-invention, yes, it's the task of my generation to re-invent what ageing can be. Take back the power of knowledge, the tolerance of having seen it all, the forgiveness of practice.

  1. "The Renaissance Is An Important Landmark In The History Of Art, But In Other ...

    Not only just known in the field of painting, but also in architecture and music, this new twist in Italian culture gradually became accepted on the international scene as the norm for this age. In architecture especially we can still marvel at the wonderful sights like the Dome of Florence or St.

  2. The Notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci

    Thus the Manuscripts that remain represent a period of about thirty years. Within this space of time his handwriting altered so little that it is impossible to judge from it of the date of any particular text. The exact dates, indeed, can only be assigned to certain note-books in which

  1. William Powell-Frith - Derby Day (1852).

    Frith, like most members of the middle class, was afraid of a rebellion by the lower classes. He was afraid that the lower classes would have too much liberty and equality. Frith's depiction of the lower class respectable working class was particularly interesting because it was not a type that

  2. Biography of Andreas Gursky


  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work