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Do effective managers also need to be good leaders?

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Do effective managers also need to be good leaders? Introduction In order to answer a question of this type it would be a good idea to break down the question into important factors. For this question we can break it down into important words that need to be analysed in order to answer the question correctly, in this case the terms effective, managers and leaders would be good choices. The term effective would lead us to believe that we should discuss how a manager has the ability to 'produce a strong impression or response'1 from its employees and subordinates around them, whereby the manager is the 'one who handles, controls or directs, especially one who directs a business or other enterprise'.2 A leader can be described as one who is in charge of others or builds a 'relationship through which one person influences the behaviour or actions of other people'3. Now that we know what the key terms in the question are we will have to look at the question as a whole, my interpretation of this question would be that we must discuss whether a manager has to have any of the same qualities of a leader and if any of these qualities interact or go against each other, in other words we must find out what the difference is between a manager and a leader. ...read more.


To fully answer the question we would also have to discuss what makes a good leader and if or how it links in to an effective manager. A good leader could therefore be described as someone who is 'committed, dedicated and has good communication skills with an emphasis on active listening'.6 There are also a number of leadership styles we can discuss such as authoritarian (autocratic) style, where the main figure of power is the manager (such as the McGregor theory X) whereby the manager takes control of the decisions made by the organisation the rewards and the punishments. Therefore an autocratic leader would tell their subordinates what they want done and how they want it done. Another form of leader is a democratic style leader, democracy derives from the two Greek terms 'demos' and 'kratos' which mean people power. In this style of leadership one or more employees are involved in the decision making of the organisation, hence using the input of the employees to decide what and how to carry out a task. However the final decision will still be made by the manager, which should create a sense of respect from employees, as they will see that there opinions are considered and if good enough shall be implemented into the plans. ...read more.


However this also applies to McGregor's theory X, which also has certain traits of the authoritarian style of leadership, which could lead us to assume that even non-effective managers have leadership qualities. As a result of this I would say that it is difficult to decide what type of manager is effective as they are all effective in different situations, for example theory X could be effective when the job offers little opportunities for staff, so a manager would be more rigid in setting out what and how tasks should be carried out. However it is the belief of some people that an effective manager does not need to be a good leader as they are two totally different things, such as Hollingsworth who believes that the two terms cannot be traits of the same person, 'A leader is much different from a manager'10 1 http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=effective 2 http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=managers 3 Management and organisational behaviour, Laurie J. Mullins, seventh edition, page 1057 4 Management and organisational behaviour, Laurie J. Mullins, seventh edition, page 238 5 Management and organisational behaviour, Laurie J. Mullins, seventh edition, page 282 6 http://www.webaim.org/coordination/articles/imp_of_leadership 7 Management and organisational behaviour, Laurie J. Mullins, seventh edition, page 241 8 http://asceditor.unl.edu/archives/1993/Andersen93B.htm 9 Management and organisational behaviour, Laurie J. Mullins, seventh edition, page 284 10 http://www.webaim.org/coordination/articles/imp_of_leadership ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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