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Examine the changes that have taken place in the Employment industry.

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Introduction

HUMANITIES COURSEWORK - WORLD OF WORK INTRODUCTION The aim of my coursework is to examine the changes that have taken place in the Employment industry. This will include investigating the working practises of the Nissan factory in Sunderland, studying in detail about the Industrial Revolution and looking at how new forms of technology such as Computerisation have now developed. To conclude, I will briefly summarise the transformations that the Industrial Revolution has brought about. PRE - INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Before the Industrial Revolution occurred, most of the British population were employees and residents of the countryside. The Village women carried out domestic tasks, which included weaving and sewing, making clothes, spinning. They also baked bread from locally grown corn. The men made nearly all their own equipment such as axes, knives and shears. Most of them were labourers who dug stone and chalk for building barns etc. Work was extremely hard; people were up at dawn and went to bed at dusk with children assisting as soon as they were strong and able enough to. The Industrial Revolution was the massive change that took place in the late 1800's, where in a short space of time (a couple of years), a large number of the British population's way of life changed from being based on Agriculture and farmland to being involved in city life and factory work. ...read more.

Middle

Trade Unions are able to obtain change through strength in numbers and they often take industrial actions like strikes. Some strikes are small scale and are confined to a specific area but some can escalate and very large scale and can end up being nation wide like the Fire Brigade strike. However, Trade Unions are much less influential and powerful than they were approximately 30 years ago. AUTOMATION Automation is the use of automatic controls in the operation of machinery. In automation, electronic or mechanical devices do many of the tasks formerly done by people. Many consequences have occurred as a result of Automation in Britain, however, whilst some are advantages, others have presented some problems. It has resulted in a loss of skills such as sewing as this task can now be done by machinery. Workers do not need to retain and pass on skills to the next generation as automation is taking over. Unemployment rates have been increasing (also as a result of automation) as manual workers substituted for machinery, computers and robots. However automation has put a stop to tiring, repetitive work on assembly work and has created exciting employment opportunities in the tertiary sector. Also, the quality of products will stay at a constant level as machines never get bored get bored or tired by carrying out dull, repetitive tasks. ...read more.

Conclusion

Quality circles (small groups of seven or eight people who meet up voluntarily on a regular basis to investigate, analyse and resolve quality related issues using problem-cracking methods), have been particularly effective in Japanese industry where it has been claimed that Quality circles members have been responsible for high productivity and loyalty. 'Kaizen' is a Japanese word and its literal meaning is 'continuous improvement' and with Nissan, this is gained by a quite slow and steady change and once it is achieved, it is maintained at that level until the next 'kaizen' takes place. CONCLUSION Great, dramatic changes took place during the Industrial Revolution (during the 1700's and early 1800's) which has resulted in a massive transformation and development in the World of Work. These changes brought about new laws to protect children by stopping child labour and huge development in the tertiary sector. As more and more people became employed, Trades Unions were set up so workers could be defended and their exploitation by superior workers could be avoided. Technological innovation has repeatedly changed manual working methods with the growth of computerisation and automation. The Nissan company in Sunderland proves how businesses can tackle and avoid the negative outcomes of automation. Because of the Industrial Revolution, we now work in a better, safer environment and as employers/employees, have more civil and equal rights. BY WARDA ABDURAHMAN. ...read more.

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