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"Fayol's management functions and Mintzberg's management roles are two sides of the one coin." Discuss

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Introduction

"Fayol's management functions and Mintzberg's management roles are two sides of the one coin." Discuss Henri Fayol and Henry Mintzberg are both key figures in the way management is approached today. Henri Fayol (1841 - 1925) is frequently seen as an essential early contributor to classical school of management theory, or more particularly, administrative management. He believed that management is an acquired skill and can therefore be taught. He wanted to introduce a set of principles that all organisations can apply in order to run properly. He built his theory of the five management functions upon personal observation and experience whilst he was working with French mining organisations, to find what worked well in terms of organisation. This theory was introduced in 1916, but as he wrote his works in French it was not until some time afterwards that his management functions were recognised worldwide. Fayol's functions of management include; * Forecast and planning; this involves thinking about the future and drawing up a plan of action for business strategy. ...read more.

Middle

He believes that Fayol's functions are outdated and that nowadays managers do little or no planning, and that their work can be disjointed and unpredictable. Mintzberg's managerial roles; * Interpersonal; - Figurehead: This develops the organisational culture. This may involve conducting ceremonies and symbolising what the company stands for. - Leader: Managers need to set an example for their staff and also set a plan of action. - Liaison: It is the role of the manager to liaise with people within and outside the organisation to represent the needs of their staff. * Informational; - Monitor: Managers needs to collect information, this is often done through informal communications and gossip within the organisation. - Disseminator: It is important for managers to share the information that they receive throughout the company in order to keep everybody up to date with the success of the organisation and what is still needed to be done. - Spokesperson: Managers will represent their group in the wider environment in order to influence the way they are viewed. ...read more.

Conclusion

There have been a lot of developments in management since his time and there are now certain things to consider which would not have been appropriate in Fayol's time. An example of this would be that nowadays many businesses work at an international level and have taken advantage of many more technical advances. Mintzberg considers many more aspects of managerial roles, and to be more specific, how they are perceived by other people. He takes into account that a managers job can be very varied and that their tasks can be rather diverse. In conclusion, both Fayol and Mintzberg have made theories in order to summarise the responsibilities of a manager. Both have created their works based on personal experience and observations, but have drawn different conclusions. This has resulted due to their different experiences and points of view. Both theories are accepted and widely used in management today and the fact that they can be used in conjunction with one another suggests that whilst they concentrate on different features of management they are still two sides of the one coin. ...read more.

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