• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Important demographics of Brazil.

Extracts from this document...


Brazil Brazil is fifth largest country in the world, in terms of both population and land area. It is the largest country in South America, occupying 48% of the continent. Important demographics - Land Area = 8,511,996 km2 Population = 174,468,575 Population Density = 19.4 persons/km2 Birth Rate = 20 per 1000 Death Rate = 9 per 1000 Infant Mortality = 37 per 1000 Life Expectancy = 63.2 years Language = Portuguese Religion = Catholic Pop. per doctor = 1080 In 1872, Brazil's population was 9.9 million, which almost doubled to 17.4 by 1900. At this time, the birth rate was 46 per 1000, and the death rate was 30 per 1000, however the birth rate continued at a high level until 1960, yet the death rate declined steadily, resulting in an increasing rate of population growth. The total population reached 50 million in the late 1940s and 100 million in the early 1970s, so since 1940 the population has quadrupled. Today, the birth rate is more than double the death rate, so Brazil has a rapidly increasing population. The infant mortality rate has decreased to 37 per 1000 from 116 in 1960 proving that healthcare has improved. In recent decades the rate of population growth has slowed because of a rapidly falling fertility rate; which today is estimated at 2.09 children per woman, compared to 6 in the 1960s; so education is improving. ...read more.


Brazil is 94th. Economic Problems During the period of colonisation by Portugal, an economic structure was created so Brazil was specialised in export production of raw materials to its 'mother country.' Brazil did not develop internal markets, so when colonisation ended it was dependant on exports, but it could not get high prices for these raw materials as other countries produced the same raw materials, and they could easily be substituted. Brazil remains dependant on outside sources of capital and technology, and external markets for its commodities, especially oil. This is the dependency theory of the South Americans. Over the years, Brazil has experienced several economic crises including the debt crisis of the 1980s (where a rise in interest rates made it difficult for LEDCs like Brazil to pay their debts and causing a loss of credit for future loans; after borrowing large quantities of capital from multilateral development banks to finance rapid industrialisation); and the currency crisis of the 1990s (where Brazil's currency collapsed when overseas investors lost confidence in Brazil's economy and began pulling their money out); creating a cycle of boom and bust rather than sustained growth. Although Brazil has seen a rapid growth in production and exports, but international debt and public spending have also increased. This has led to rapid inflation, so wages had to increase and savings decreased. ...read more.


This can be easily grown, is a renewable source and causes less pollution. Income distribution has never been high on the list of priorities for Brazil; as economic growth, price stability and control of debt are their main goals. However huge improvements are being made to education and training as this seems to be the key to solving this, and helping to eradicate absolute poverty. 40% of Brazil's working population are thought to be involved in the black economy, which is reckoned to be worth $220 billion. Reducing this will increase employment levels and produce a higher output. 2 million tourists visited Brazil in 1994 and spent a total of $1.8 billion. This industry is relatively undeveloped so considerable scope for expansion in the future as it represents 7.8% of GDP, and employs directly and indirectly, about 6 million people. The National Economic and Social Development Bank has launched a $3 billion plan to boost the northeast region to attract tourism. Embrateur, the organisation responsible for tourist policy has 3 main objectives for Brazil - * Improvement in basic infrastructure in the regions designated for tourism * The need to improve the quality of service to become competitive in the international market * The need to invest in marketing and promotion to change Brazil's image. It aims to double the number of foreign visitors, particularly those from Europe, in order to increase employment and bring money into the country, although there are the disadvantages of it 'leaking out.' Rebecca Jones 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Economy & Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Economy & Economics essays

  1. The National Debt

    Since the beginning of the Clinton administration in 1992, significant efforts have been made to reduce the deficit and bring the spiraling debt under control. The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act was passed in 1993 and was designed to decrease the deficit by $500 million over 4 years.

  2. What makes a country wealthy.

    In measuring the economic status of a person or a nation, the two yard sticks most often used are income and wealth. Income refer to the total receipts or cash earned by a person or household during a given time period usually a year.

  1. The structure of the airline industry.

    Regional airlines generate under $100 million in revenue. This class is further subdivided to the subcategories: Large, Medium, and Small. These airlines operate almost exclusively in a certain region. These airlines serve majors in partnerships to get travelers to remote areas of the country. Finally, cargo airlines do as the name suggests.

  2. The Ohio Pilot Scholarship Program

    and the city as a site of sheer productivity, where everything "solid melts into air." The tension between the city as a stable home which enables a meaningful connection between past deeds and future renewal, and the city as an un/willing participant in the celebration of constant change and consumerism, is expressed in the papers that follow.

  1. Economic Development in Brazil has been hindered by a variety of reasons. Discuss the ...

    During the global recession Brazil went through extremely difficult times, some of the problems however being of their own doing. For example, just before this time there was a global boom. Many MEDCs lent out huge amounts of money to poorer countries, as it was available.

  2. Kingfisher is the largest home improvement retailer in Europe and the third largest in ...

    Kingfisher is becoming less efficient in which it uses its assets and has high profit margins which contradicts their pricing strategy of EDLP. The fall in fixed assets and turnover by 11% and 17.9 last year is part of its strategy aimed at increasing their market share by demerging.

  1. The Quest for Optimal Asset Allocation Strategies in Integrating Europe.

    of international investors, although they have the same macroeconomic linkages with the other EMU countries. All in all, the studies on financial market integration in Europe seem to indicate that there has been substantial progress in the integration among European stock markets.

  2. Malaysia is a middle-income country in South East Asia with a population of 23 ...

    With the increase of manufactured goods being produced in Malaysia, the level of exports from Malaysia has increased also at a high rate. This shift in the composition of the Malaysian economy, large levels of Foreign Direct Investment an export orientated economy and the significant economic growth since the 80s

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work