• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Important demographics of Brazil.

Extracts from this document...


Brazil Brazil is fifth largest country in the world, in terms of both population and land area. It is the largest country in South America, occupying 48% of the continent. Important demographics - Land Area = 8,511,996 km2 Population = 174,468,575 Population Density = 19.4 persons/km2 Birth Rate = 20 per 1000 Death Rate = 9 per 1000 Infant Mortality = 37 per 1000 Life Expectancy = 63.2 years Language = Portuguese Religion = Catholic Pop. per doctor = 1080 In 1872, Brazil's population was 9.9 million, which almost doubled to 17.4 by 1900. At this time, the birth rate was 46 per 1000, and the death rate was 30 per 1000, however the birth rate continued at a high level until 1960, yet the death rate declined steadily, resulting in an increasing rate of population growth. The total population reached 50 million in the late 1940s and 100 million in the early 1970s, so since 1940 the population has quadrupled. Today, the birth rate is more than double the death rate, so Brazil has a rapidly increasing population. The infant mortality rate has decreased to 37 per 1000 from 116 in 1960 proving that healthcare has improved. In recent decades the rate of population growth has slowed because of a rapidly falling fertility rate; which today is estimated at 2.09 children per woman, compared to 6 in the 1960s; so education is improving. ...read more.


Brazil is 94th. Economic Problems During the period of colonisation by Portugal, an economic structure was created so Brazil was specialised in export production of raw materials to its 'mother country.' Brazil did not develop internal markets, so when colonisation ended it was dependant on exports, but it could not get high prices for these raw materials as other countries produced the same raw materials, and they could easily be substituted. Brazil remains dependant on outside sources of capital and technology, and external markets for its commodities, especially oil. This is the dependency theory of the South Americans. Over the years, Brazil has experienced several economic crises including the debt crisis of the 1980s (where a rise in interest rates made it difficult for LEDCs like Brazil to pay their debts and causing a loss of credit for future loans; after borrowing large quantities of capital from multilateral development banks to finance rapid industrialisation); and the currency crisis of the 1990s (where Brazil's currency collapsed when overseas investors lost confidence in Brazil's economy and began pulling their money out); creating a cycle of boom and bust rather than sustained growth. Although Brazil has seen a rapid growth in production and exports, but international debt and public spending have also increased. This has led to rapid inflation, so wages had to increase and savings decreased. ...read more.


This can be easily grown, is a renewable source and causes less pollution. Income distribution has never been high on the list of priorities for Brazil; as economic growth, price stability and control of debt are their main goals. However huge improvements are being made to education and training as this seems to be the key to solving this, and helping to eradicate absolute poverty. 40% of Brazil's working population are thought to be involved in the black economy, which is reckoned to be worth $220 billion. Reducing this will increase employment levels and produce a higher output. 2 million tourists visited Brazil in 1994 and spent a total of $1.8 billion. This industry is relatively undeveloped so considerable scope for expansion in the future as it represents 7.8% of GDP, and employs directly and indirectly, about 6 million people. The National Economic and Social Development Bank has launched a $3 billion plan to boost the northeast region to attract tourism. Embrateur, the organisation responsible for tourist policy has 3 main objectives for Brazil - * Improvement in basic infrastructure in the regions designated for tourism * The need to improve the quality of service to become competitive in the international market * The need to invest in marketing and promotion to change Brazil's image. It aims to double the number of foreign visitors, particularly those from Europe, in order to increase employment and bring money into the country, although there are the disadvantages of it 'leaking out.' Rebecca Jones 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Economy & Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Economy & Economics essays

  1. Economic Development in Brazil has been hindered by a variety of reasons. Discuss the ...

    One of the these projects involved creating a dam along a river that would create hydroelectric power which would then be relayed back to support the large cities. This did not benefit any of the needy locals like those in the shanty areas because they did not have electricity, as

  2. Retailing In India - A Government Policy Perspective

    Ford executives, for instance, say that the top three factors in their decision to build a plant in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu were the availability of a supplier base and skilled labor as well as the quality of the infrastructure.

  1. Discuss the internal and external causes of the debt crisis, with specific reference to ...

    Adding to this was the fact that countries like the US were major players in the international market, and with such large amounts of aid going to Brazil it controlled most of its exports. For Example they were able to put a stop barrier on cheap imports from developing countries,

  2. Exchange rate.

    A floating exchange rate may make production planning very difficult when there is a constant change for the external prices of domestically-produced goods. In a floating exchange rate system rise import prices may broke the stability of domestic price. A floating exchange rate is referred to automatically adjust by movement

  1. Kingfisher is the largest home improvement retailer in Europe and the third largest in ...

    Their debtor days figure has also improved as it has fallen from 8.66 days in 2003 to 3.14 days in 2004. This demonstrates their efficiency as credit terms differ in the different countries that Kingfisher operates in due to local customs and practices.

  2. Free essay

    business aims

    They look to do this by bringing in new goods and by having more employees so that more works gets done in little time.

  1. The structure of the airline industry.

    It minimizes operating expenses and therefore allows Airtran to continue to grow, without passing much additional cost onto the passenger. A significant cost to all airlines is the fuel cost. Airtran took the initiative to set up several fuel-hedging agreements that covered nearly 35% of FY2001's fuel needs and allowed the airline to facilitate ongoing cost control efforts.

  2. The International Monetary Fund And Global Economic Crises

    The country currency may depreciate to great extents. This would not only damage the domestic economy but also lead to repercussions in other countries. To return the country's external payments position to health and to restore the conditions for sustainable economic growth, some combination of economic adjustment and official and/or private financing will be needed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work