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People and Organisations

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Introduction

People and Organisations What are some of the effect of stress for both individual concern and for organisations that individual is a part of? To what extend should manager feel responsible for trying to help reduce this stress? Throughout centuries work stress have continued to rise dramatically in organisations. Researches show that employees stress by their own job insecurities in the face of massive downsizing and restructuring of organisations in order to be competitive on the global stage. Most research studies indicate a high correlation between stress and illness for individual in organisations. According to authorities in the Great Britain, as much as 70% of patients that are treated by general practitioners are suffering from symptoms originating from stress. Everyone experiences stress, however, each person responds to stress very differently. Their respond is dependent on how each person react to stress emotionally, mentally, and physically. There are, however, common effects of stress from most people on the physical and mental body. Guyton (1987)1 argues that "The Menchanison by which mental events can effect the body's capacity to marshal on immune response, mental state play a crucial point is that stress itself has not been show to be detrimental" 1. His argument suggests that a crucial point is that stress itself has not been shown to be detrimental. Rather, a perceived sense of uncontrollable stress has been associated with physical symptom as well as mental and illness. ...read more.

Middle

This would indicate top management is committed to such a stress reduction program. Managers are required to provide personal counselling to employees to identify undue stress level and then to advice and corrective measures for individual. Managers should be clear about their expectation of employees and clearly convey these expectations to each person. Warr (1998)6 argues "both personality and job characteristic and job complexity mediate between self evaluation and job satisfaction". Secondly mangers should device a performance evaluation feedback system such that each employee would be aware of his/her performance level based on the feedback received. Therefore communication management's expectation in as organisation, it would appear that all employees have a clear understanding of their roles they were hired for and the duties expected of them, management should communicate its expectation to employees whether as a group or as individuals. Since increased communication is the primary solution in this case. Management should also promote working environment where employees are encouraged to voice their concern, question etc to their respective superiors. Mangers themselves, should adapt a managing style that is sensitive and responsive to employees stress. Communication of Management expectation can be achieved by analysing each role in the organisation to clarify priorities and resolve conflict between roles. This approach would first, clarify any ambiguity an employee may have about his/her position. ...read more.

Conclusion

Physical side effects such as hypertension, coronary disease, infections, ulcers could greatly decrease the lifespan of the person. The psychological effect such as repressed emotions, anger, and isolation has a direct negative impact on organisational productivity. Therefore the managers in an organisation have great responsibilities in reducing the stress of their employees, and in general are concerned about their well-being. There are numerous methods to counter the stress problem. The First step for management is to set out the intention to reduce employee stress in as an organisation goal. Provisions detailing the organisation's planned approach should be drafted. Informing employees of management's expectation is one method to reduce a large portion of the anxiety employees may have about their jobs. Secondly, management must provide subordinates feedback on their performance. Management should also provide job training for all employees to enable them to better perform their jobs and reduce the stress associated with the feeling of inadequacy to perform one's duties. 1. Guyton (1987), Basic Neuroscience:Anatomy and Physiology. Philadelphia:W.B.Saunders,P.11. 2. Robin Fincham, Peter Rhodes (Eds.)(1999), Principles of Organisational Behaviour. (3rd Ed.) London, Oxford University Press, p.41. 3 Wanger and Hollenbeck (Eds.) (2003),Organisational Behaviour.United state, south western 4. Robin Fincham, Peter Rhodes (Eds.)(1999), Principles of Organisational Behaviour. (3rd Ed.) London, Oxford University Press, p.43. 5. Rowland Goodwin (Ed.),(1976),Stress at Work,London,Chester house,p.61. 6 Warr, Christine E.Doyle(Ed.)(1998)Work and organisation psychology:An introduction with Attitude:London,psychology Press,p122. 7. Rowland Goodwin (Ed.),(1976),Stress at Work,London,Chester house,p.119. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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