• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Nature and Purpose of Project Management.

Extracts from this document...


1.0 The Nature and Purpose of Project Management Project Management has evolved in order to plan, co-ordinate and control the complex and diverse activities of modern industrial and commercial projects. All projects share one common characteristic - the projection of ideas and activities into new endeavours. The ever-present element of risk and uncertainty means that the events and tasks leading to completion can never be foretold with absolute accuracy. For some very complex or advanced projects even the possibility of successful completion might be of serious doubt. The purpose of Project Management is to foresee or predict as many of the dangers and problems as possible and to plan, organise and control activities so that the project is completed as successfully as possible in spite of all the risks. 2.0 Project Management The open university Software Project Management module (1987) suggests that management involves the following activities: * Planning - deciding what is to be done * Organizing - making arrangements * Staffing - selecting the right people for the job * Directing - giving instructions * Monitoring - checking on progress * Controlling - taking action to remedy hold ups * Innovating - coming up with new solutions * Representing - liasing with users Traditionally management has been seen as a preserve of a distinct class within the organisation. ...read more.


* The project can be temporarily abandoned if more urgent work crops up. * Job satisfaction is increased for developers who see their labours bearing fruit at regular, short, intervals. Disadvantages of this approach * Software breakage, that is, later increments may require modifications to earlier increments. * Programmers may be more productive working on one large system than on a series of smaller ones. * Grady Booch, an authority on OO, suggests that with what he calls requirements driven projects (which equate to incremental delivery) 'Conceptual integrity sometimes suffers because there is little motivation to deal with scalability, extensibility, portability or reusability beyond what any vague requirements might imply'. Booch also suggests that there may be a tendency towards a large number of discrete functions with little common infrastructure. The delivery plan The nature and order of each increment to be delivered to the users have to be planned at the outset. The process is similar to strategic planning, but at a more detailed level. Attention is given to the increments of a user application rather than the whole application. The elements of the incremental plan are that the system objectives, open technology and the incremental plan. 4.0 SETTING OBJECTIVES Effective objectives are concrete and well defined. ...read more.


A project plan will be based on a huge number of assumptions, and so some way of picking out the risks that are most important is needed. Step 7 - Allocate resources The type of staff needed for each activity is recorded. The staff available for the project are identified and are provisionally allocated tasks. Step 8 - Review/publicise the plan A danger when controlling any project is that an activity can reveal that an earlier activity was not properly completed and needs to be reworked. This can transform a project that appears to be progressing well into one that is badly out of control. It is important to know that when a task is reported as completed that it really is - hence the importance of reviews. Step 9 and 10 - Execute plan and lower levels of planning. Once the project is underway, plans will need to be drawn up in greater detail for each stage as it becomes due. Detailed planning of the later stages will need to be delayed because more information will be available nearer the start of the stage. However it is necessary to make provisional plans for the more distant tasks, because thinking about what needs to be done can help unearth potential problems, but sight should not be lost of the fact that these plans are provisional. 6. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. Analysis of a Contract Specific Organisation

    Our advice tends to be at the "macro" or strategic level, but to provide such advice one needs to understand both: the client's investment strategy and its implications on their investment/property requirements; and the details of the client's property holdings.

  2. Investigate about the important roles that management plays in achieving my chosen organisation aims ...

    Although, in my organisation Tesco co-ordinating are discussed together because, all the principles of Tesco are used to achieve co-ordination, in practice command which must appear where by design and planning stages are completed. The next step is to appoint competent staff to the positions drawn up on the manager's plan.

  1. Building Effective Teams.

    Members recognize the inevitability and desirability of change and adapt to changing conditions. Organization practices are responsive to changes, demands, and team needs. The fifth characteristic is optimal productivity. Teams produce significant results. Critical success factors for the organization are clear.

  2. Total Quality Management

    one part or area creates problems elsewhere, leading to yet more errors, yet more problems, and so on. The benefits of getting it right the first time everywhere are enormous. Everyone experiences problems in working life. This causes people to spend a large part of their time on useless activities

  1. 4. Examine the nature of key management skills

    For example if a new system of ordering stock for customer orders is put in place in Boots then employees may have to seek clarification as to how to use the new system because they may not have understood the original instructions. Summarising - summarising is essential in any business.

  2. The Nature and Importance of Operations & Quality.

    Management Advanced The Mass and 1980 Manufacturing Service High Technology Revolution Variety Contemporary Developments: - Japanization/Lean Production - Operations Strategy Paradigm C21st Figure 1.1: The History of Manufacturing, Production and Operations Management The substitution of machine- for human power The inventors of machine power are now collectively known as the

  1. Detailed GMP inspection Report OnShetland SeaFish (Hull) Ltd.

    3246) The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulation, 1985 (SI. No. 2023) The Electricity at Work Regulations, 1989 (SI. No. 635) The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations, 1992 (SI. No. 2051) The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare)

  2. Economic Final Project

    It takes a good understanding of these four functions to be successful in management. Managers usually achieve their position through experience and understanding. A manager usually obtains authority through time and loyalty. A manager is to know how the organization works and should possess good technical knowledge.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work