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"The reason people work is simply so that they can earn money to spend on their leisure activities" - Discuss.

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Introduction

AISHA JAKHURA BUSINESS &ORGANISATION Essay Question "The reason people work is simply so that they can earn money to spend on their leisure activities." It is true that most people do work to spend money on their leisure activities. However, this is not the only reason that people work as this is not the only need satisfied by working. Other needs could be just as important e.g. the need for diversity in the workplace or the need of feeling appreciated in the job one is doing. Yet, every individual is not the same and therefore each respective individual has his/her different needs and levels of satisfaction. There are some reasons for working that could apply to everyone such as the need for money but some reasons have more importance for certain individuals than others i.e. one employee may need to work as part of a team whereas another may want to work on his/her own. It is widely believed that if a worker's needs are not satisfied then he/she will not be motivated to work. Motivation is a key factor because it can affect the efficiency of the business as a whole. Businesses have found that even if employees are satisfied with their pay and working conditions, they complain that managers are failing to fully motivate them. ...read more.

Middle

and workers would carry out tasks in ways they were used to rather than the most efficient way. Taylor's scientific principles were designed to reduce inefficiency of workers and managers. This was to be achieved by 'objective laws' that management and workers could agree on, reducing conflict between them. Neither party could argue against a system of work that was based on 'science'. He set out a method designed to find the 'best way' to carry out a task at work. Taylor believed his principles would create a partnership between manager and worker, based on an understanding of how jobs should be done and how workers are motivated. Taylor had a very simple view of what motivated people at work- money. He felt that workers should be paid according to how much they worked and pay should be linked to output through price rates. A worker who did not work well enough would earn less and one who would exceed the target would deserve a bonus. Taylor's message for business is simple - allow workers to work and managers to manage based on scientific principles of work study. Many firms today still attempt to use Taylor's principles however there are many problems with his concepts. Firstly his idea of the 'best way' does not take into account individual differences - it may not suit everyone. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is difficult to conclude whether any of these broad perspectives is correct or incorrect as any one may be either depending upon the circumstances. If the business is more inclined towards hierarchy and authority, and the work is tedious and routine, people may only choose to do such work due to the pay. For example, in 1969 Goldthorpe and Lockwood found that workers on a Vauxhall car assembly line saw work as a means to earn high wages. This would allow them to enjoy their leisure activities more. In such cases, monetary rewards are more significant than factors in Maslow and Herzberg's theories such as responsibility. However, at other times, job interest and involvement may outweigh financial rewards e.g. in worker buy-outs where employees are willing to sacrifice high wages for job security and having a say in running the business. I think that it is very difficult to generalise what motivates people. Employees are likely to have different priorities at different times and in different circumstances. For example a teenager may not have any other responsibilities so would only earn money to spend on his/her leisure activities. Whereas on the other hand, a single mother would work to support her kids and maybe also at the same time try to climb up Maslow's pyramids to achieve a high and balanced emotional status of self-esteem. Every individual is different and has his/her own needs and reasons for working. ?? ?? ?? ?? 2 2 1 ...read more.

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