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A healthy basic diet.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Case Studies Outcome 3 pc (d) INDEX Case Study One Pages 1-2 Case Study Two Page 3 Case Study Three Pages 4-5 Case Study Four Pages 6-7 Case Study Five Pages 8-9 Bibliography Page 10 Case Study 1 My client is a 40 year old male office worker. He has a very sedentary job and does not currently take any form of exercise. He states he has a healthy basic diet but he would like advice on any improvements he could make or any vitamins and or supplements he should be taking. Calorie Intake He informed me that he currently has a daily intake of 3000 calories. I advised him to reduce this amount by approximately 450 per day (to the intake currently recommended by the British Nutrition Foundation of 2550 for a man aged 19 - 50 with a sedentary job). Alcohol My client admitted that he is currently drinking 2 pints of lager every night Monday to Friday and a further 5 pints of lager Saturday and Sunday night. He admitted that he had not added this to his calorie intake. I advised my client that this adds up to 40 units and approximately 3960 calories per week. I advised my client that his current consumption falls between the warning and danger zones set by Alcohol Focus Scotland and if he continues to drink at this level he runs the increased risk of several conditions such as heart disease, cirrhosis of the liver or even korsakoff's disease (alcohol related dementia). ...read more.

Middle

All pregnant women are advised to avoid eating the above foods. Pregnant women must not take Vitamin A supplements unless advised to by a health professional. Peanuts I asked my client if herself, her partner or any close family members suffer from a peanut or other allergy, asthma or eczema. Because she informed me that her partner has a peanut allergy, I advised her to avoid peanuts or peanut products whilst pregnant or breastfeeding (if she chooses to do so) as the British Dietetic Association believe that this may prevent her baby from developing a similar allergy. I also advised her of the following 'danger' foods. I have listed in brackets the reasons for doing so. * Pate, soft and blue veined cheese, undercooked ready meals, unwashed fruit and vegetables (Listeriosis) * Raw, undercooked meat, unpasteurised goat's milk or cheese, unwashed raw fruit or vegetables (Toxoplasmosis) * Raw eggs, foods containing raw or partially cooked eggs, raw meat and chicken (Salmonella). Dietary Advice Although my client has a healthy diet at present I did recommend that she eat plenty of foods containing iron and gave her examples such as red meat, pulses and bread. I also advised her to drink a glass of vitamin C rich juice whilst having these foods to aid the absorption of the iron. Supplements My client advised me that as per her GP's advice she has been taking 400mcg of folic acid daily since prior to conception. But she asked whether she should be taking the following supplements: Iron I advised her that only if her GP or Midwife detect that her blood iron levels are low will she be advised to take iron supplements. ...read more.

Conclusion

To ensure they keep up an adequate intake of vitamin C I have encouraged them to consume fruit juice and canned fruit along with frozen vegetables such as brussel sprouts, cabbage and cauliflower. Iron As my clients do not eat read meat or fish I have advised them to increase their intake of iron by adding some of the following foods; pulses, eggs, bread and green vegetables to their diet. I have also advised them to drink a glass of vitamin C fruit juice when eating these foods to aid the absorption of iron. Fibre and Starch To help my clients in avoiding constipation I have advised them to ensure that they eat foods rich in fibre and starch. I have advised that they increase their intake by adding some of the following foods; oats, pulses, fruit and vegetables to their diet. Calcium and Vitamin D Osteoporosis affects 1 in 3 women and 1 in 12 men. I have advised my clients that it is imperative that they ensure that they get adequate supplies of both of these vitamins (Calcium 700mg a day) to help reduce bone loss. Supplements Vitamin D The British Nutrition Foundation is currently recommending that everyone over the age of 65 take 10mcg of vitamin D daily. This is especially important as my clients do not eat red meat or oily fish and do not go out very often. Vitamin B Complex Because it is believed that the elderly often have difficulty in absorbing vitamin B from their diets I have advised my client to take a daily vitamin B complex supplement. ...read more.

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