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How easy is it for someone with a dietary need to eat appropriate foods?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How easy is it for someone with a dietary need to eat appropriate foods? Section A: Task 1: Planning and Information Factors Involved How easy exactly is it for someone with a dietary need to eat appropriate foods? What exactly is a dietary need? I know that it can't be the easiest thing in the world to have a dietary need and eating all the appropriate foods needed is the simplest task. A dietary need is basically when a person's body does not function as an average one. An example of this is a popular dysfunction in the body when it can not produce a hormone called insulin, which is responsible for the absorption of glucose into cells. So this means the diabetic has to firstly inject this hormone and maintain a diet with not too much or too little glucose, it has to be exactly balanced. Another example of a dietary need is Crohn's Disease, which is when an inflammation occurs in the digestive system. Coronary Heart Disease, another dietary need is the narrowing of the coronary arteries feeding the heart. I am going to particularly focus on Diabetes that is the most common of the selected dietary needs I have selected. I am going to investigate what it is like to self motivate you as well e.g. a diabetic can not just go and eat several chocolate bars, this could cause severe problems even death. So I am going to see just how hard it is to self motivate yourself if you did have a dietary need. To find out exactly what this must be like, I am going to create a survey and question some Diabetics at the local Diabetic Clinic. I am also going to pretend to be a Diabetic for a weekend. Asking Questions What is Diabetes? It has been estimated that 1 million people in the UK have diabetes. ...read more.

Middle

I also discovered that those who did drink most had to alter their calorie intake if consuming alcohol, which is another aspect, I could look into. And the main aspect I will look into and the most varied response was that 73% of the diabetics I interviewed wanted to see a larger range of foods specifically for diabetics, especially in desserts. So I have come up with some general tips to help obtain a healthy diet: The "diabetic diet" is not a special diet in any way: it is in fact a healthy way of eating which is recommended for everyone: 1. Avoid being overweight 2. Eat regular meals 3. Eat more high carbohydrate, high fibre foods: for example wholemeal bread, potatoes, beans. 4. Eat less sugar, e.g. sweetened soft drinks, cakes, sweets, chocolates. 5. Cut down on fat 6. Watch your salt intake 7. Keep alcohol consumption to a minimum Here is what Diabetics can do to also maintain a healthy diet: Calories * Diabetics should try to keep their calorie intake constant from day to day (their body can confirm they are doing this by not having a varied weight). Large fluctuations can have a significant effect on the control of diabetes so they should try to eat regular meals. * They should also watch their whole food intake. Fried foods, dairy products, sugar food and drink, fatty meat are all-high in calories and can cause deterioration in control. Carbohydrate * At least half of their calories ideally come from starchy carbohydrate foods, such as bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, cereals, beans and lentils. Instead, they could choose high fibre varieties i.e. jacket potatoes, whole grain cereals, wholemeal bread, and brown rice. Lentils, oats, citrus fruits, beans have all been shown to progress slowly, steady rises in blood glucose, so all these should be consumer regularly. * The rapidly absorbed carbohydrate foods like sweet drinks, sweet and chocolates are best saved for emergencies (hypoglycaemia or illness), special occasions or a snack before continuous exercise involvement. ...read more.

Conclusion

* How would a family member with a dietary need of a typical family be a problem? * How would going for a meal to a restaurant be a problem if you had a dietary need? How would going to a dinner party that didn't know about your dietary need be an awkward problem? Evaluation Evaluation of Investigative/Research Techniques I think my techniques were good, but I could have improved in several ways. I talked about doing lots of things like: - Carrying out a survey and visiting a local diabetic clinic - Becoming a Diabetic for a week and find out what the limits are - Cook some foods some designed for diabetics, some not and ask people to try them and see which they prefer, or if they can tell which is which Compare specialist diabetic products with similar non-diabetic products (cost, value, and value for money, sensory characteristics, nutritional value etc) However, I only actually managed to achieve one of them! I think, however if given more time these may have been achieved, but I have to say I wasn't exactly looking forward to becoming a diabetic for week! My survey also could have included less irrelevant content, such as how many times do you inject a day etc. I could have obtained time to do other techniques that I suggested if I hadn't asked and researched irrelevant questions on my survey. Evidence To Support Overall Conclusion Throughout my investigation I have gathered relevant information and I have discovered how easy it is for those with dietary needs to eat appropriate foods- the answer being not very! My predictions and hypotheses about how diabetics would like to see larger ranges of food specifically for diabetics and in desserts were proved. As my survey followed that. I also provided meal plans etc for those with dietary needs, again, specifically for diabetes. So I think I have at least answered the question posed for my investigation, maybe not in much depth but enough to certify a thorough answer. ...read more.

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