• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Malnutrition in developed and developing countries.

Extracts from this document...


Malnutrition in developed and developing countries In order to remain healthy, we need to eat a range of nutrients in the amounts and proportions required by the body- a balanced diet. A shortage, or even a complete lack, of food will lead to starvation. Taking in an excessive amount of food will lead to over nutrition and obesity. Any imbalance of nutrients in the diet, whether too much of one thing or not enough, is referred to as malnutrition. Malnutrition can affect anybody but developing countries, children and pregnant women are the most vulnerable group. Malnutrition has a number of primary causes: * Hunger - This is the most menacing cause of malnutrition; it is mainly caused by a deficiency of calories and protein, usually due to poverty. Hunger is most devastating when it attacks children because it can affect their mental and physical development for the rest of their lives. However, hunger also seriously affects adults, hindering their productivity and creating a host of associated health problems. It is estimated that 1.2 billion people worldwide suffer form malnutrition due to hunger. ...read more.


The significance of this is that protein that should be used for growth and repair of cells has to be used as a source of energy. Most aid programmes that supply food to famine stricken areas aim to increase the energy intake of the population. Staple foods such as wheat and rice will satisfy energy intake and also provide energy protein. The body adapts to progressive starvation by: * Quickly using up glycogen stored in the liver * Drawing upon the body's fat stores * Using protein as an energy source, which results in the wasting of the muscles and other tissues It is estimated that 174 million children under the age of 5 in the developing world are malnourished. A child who is undernourished grows less and may end up being short and thin and has less energy to learn and do normal things, they also have a weak immunity system and therefore are less resistant to infections and diseases. Anthropometrics from the World health organization (WHO) show that over 30% of the world's children under the age of five are malnourished in terms of being underweight. ...read more.


an under active thyroid gland although these tend to be rare Worldwide malnutrition continues to be a significant problem, especially among children who cannot fend adequately for themselves. Poverty, natural disaster, political problems and war in developing countries have demonstrated that hunger and malnutrition are not strangers to this world. Malnutrition continues to exist in virtually all countries of the world whether due to over-consumption, hunger or protein-energy malnutrition in spite of a general improvement in food supplies and health conditions. The world's population is at present more successful as a whole than it has ever been. People all over the world have greater resources than ever before, although this has come with an inevitable environmental cost. As a result of a substantial increase in agricultural input, humanity has never had as many choices or access to such a wide variety of foods. The world's food production can easily meet the required nutritional needs of the planets growing population. However, ignorance, inadequate government programs and mismanagement, as well as other man-made disruptions such as war have produced huge imbalances of how food is distributed and made available to people. Amie Mustill ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Food Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Food Technology essays

  1. "Food shortages in Developing (less developed) countries are due at least as much to ...

    This lead to the belief that the following years harvest would also be bad, this therefore caused a rise in the price of rice. The government could have prevented this by setting up some agricultural policies such as guaranteed prices, this would not have lead to a high market value

  2. heal and social unit 2

    He can stay on for longer. Positive factor Mr David loves his job. He owns his own business. This is good for Mr David because he will be able to socialise and make new friends. He has a big family. His family can help him when he needs help. E.g.

  1. Nutrients and a Healthy Diet Dietary Intake

    and must be obtained from food or supplements as our bodies are unable to make vitamins. There are thirteen vitamins classified as either water soluble (C and B complex) or fat soluble (A, D, E and K). Fat Soluble Vitamins Fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed, together with fat from the intestine, into the circulation.

  2. "Food aid is never the answer to famine." Discuss this issue using a range ...

    Having part of their land in a desert illustrates just how difficult it is for them to wield crops. If Ethiopia cannot grow crops it brings exports to a halt, as the majority of their exports come from crops, but most importantly the countries people cannot be fed.

  1. Globalisation and regulation of food risks. A theoretical overview.

    (Castells, 1996. P. 433) In the economic sphere this means time-space compression and a flexible workforce (for just in time production) and in the social sphere the breaking down of rhythmicity because biological rhythms or social categories are no longer determining life. In the cultural sphere temporality is undifferentiated (at the same time eternal and ephemeral)

  2. Why is it so difficult for humans to lose weight?

    "lipostat", which controls the amount of fat in the body by modifying energy intake and expenditure in order to consistently maintain a stable state, i.e. "set-point" (The Guardian, January 2003, p 5). By reducing calories intakes and increasing physical activities the human body will attempt to compensate by slowing down the metabolic efficiency.

  1. A healthy diet when Pregnant.

    * You must make sure you are getting a good supply of folic acid to help the development of your babies organs and tissues and has been shown to reduce the risk of apinal defects such as Spina Bifida. * Exercise moderately while you are pregnant try walking or swimming.

  2. Discuss the differences between Third World and UK hunger from a social scientists perspective.

    Proximate reasons tend to be immediately identifiable as playing a distinct role in the creation of hunger for example, 'war, drought, flooding, late rains and crop failure(5.)'. Structural or material explanations of poverty are of greater sociological importance because they demonstrate the wider social determinants of poverty.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work