• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

We all need to eat food in order to provide raw materials for growth and repair and to provide energy maintain the body's various activities. To eat a balanced diet, you must eat the right proportions of carbohydrates, proteins

Extracts from this document...


Introduction In this report I am going to describe the effects that lifestyle, good nutrition and a balanced diet have on health and fitness. I will include the benefits of having a balanced diet and good nutrition including types of energy, fats, carbohydrates and effects of nutrition, lifestyle and health and fitness. I will also include the purpose of fats, carbohydrates and properties of foods. development We all need to eat food in order to provide raw materials for growth and repair and to provide energy maintain the body's various activities. To eat a balanced diet, you must eat the right proportions of carbohydrates, proteins, fibre, fat, vitamins, minerals and plenty of water. This is important so you can get the right 'balance of essential nutrients'. If there is not enough protein, you will not be able to grow properly and you will not be able to repair yourself i.e. wounds will not heal properly. If you do not have enough energy containing foods you will feel very tired, you will not have enough energy. If you have too much energy containing foods you will become overweight. Carbohydrates are made up of three elements carbon, hydrogen and oxygen and are the body's first source of energy. ...read more.


It is useful to the body as it prevents constipation and bowel cancer. Vitamins are organic compounds which can help provide energy for the body and help assist with chemical reactions in the cells of the body, they can also help regulate metabolic processes. The human body needs thirteen types of vitamins: Vitamin A Needed for: Eye health, retinal function in dim light only; immune system; maintains healthy skin and mucous membranes; aids in tissue growth and repair Comes from: Foods contain very little vitamin A. The foods listed below are rich in carotene, which is converted to vitamin A in the intestine. Orange, red and yellow fruits and vegetables such as carrots, sweet potatoes, tomatoes and cantaloupe; green leafy vegetables such as spinach and broccoli. Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) Needed for: Normal function of the heart, nerves, muscle tissue and digestive system; aids in carbohydrate metabolism and energy production. Comes from: Lean meat, enriched and fortified cereals and baked goods, legumes and nuts. Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Needed for: Energy production, immune system function, healthy skin. Comes from: Low-fat dairy products, lean meat, eggs, enriched and fortified cereals and baked goods and green leafy vegetables. Vitamin B3 (Niacin) Needed for: Energy production, healthy skin, and digestive system function. ...read more.


and can cause a lot of mental and physical health problems, alcohol which is also addictive and causes weight gain and kidney damage, smoking which can lead to breathlessness respiratory disease, exposure to the sun which can cause skin diseases and skin cancers and causes skin to age, stress can raise blood pressure and can increase cholesterol. Physical activity is good for the body and helps to keep fit and healthy. Physical activity can have a big effect on your health and fitness. An active lifestyle can help reduce blood pressure, keep weight in check, slow down bone deterioration in older people, keeps muscles strong , keeps joints flexible, helps deal with stress and depression in more productive ways, reduce cholesterol and can help promote psychological well being and positive self image. conclusion A lot of factors can effect a persons health and fitness. Things that are bad for our health are not eating a balanced diet and lifestyle choices such as smoking drinking and not doing enough exercise. A balanced diet is eating carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins, minerals and fibre in the right proportions and drinking lots of water as these are all of the things that the body needs to work properly. The purpose of doing these things is to keep us fit and healthy. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Food Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Food Technology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Importance of Vitamins and Minerals In the Human Body.

    4 star(s)

    synthesized by plants, and menaquinone-n (K2) synthesized by animals and humans. The deficiency of vitamin K can produce hemorrhaging which are bleeding problems. Vitamins K are found in: green leafy vegetables, cabbage, cauliflower, liver, made by bacteria in intestines.9 The five minerals that will be explained in this paper are: calcium, chromium, copper, magnesium, and potassium.

  2. You are what you eat and do not eat.

    * 15% PROTEIN- involved in building and repairing tissues. Their functions are: i) To provide energy and heat. ii) To provide roughage in the diet Too much excess protein can place undue stress on the kidneys and excrete calcium. * VITAMINS- are essential for health.

  1. Structure and function of the digestive system.

    Food then moves from the stomach to the small intestine in the form of chyme. The small intestine is the major site of digestion and consists of the duodenum and the ileum. Enzymes and secretions flow into the duodenum from the pancreas and the liver.

  2. You Are What You Eat - Discuss

    Protein is recommended seventy grams for males and fifty-eight for females. Fat is ninety grams for a male and seventy for a female (Samuels & Henett, 1973). Although some amounts vary for male and female most vitamins are consistent for both sexes, like seventy milligrams of vitamin C.

  1. To find out whether the foods contain starch, fats, proteins and glucose or not.

    The hydrogen to oxygen ratio is much larger than two to one. Fat molecules are commonly made up of a glycerol molecule and three fatty acid molecules. At room temperature, some fats are semi- solid. Proteins contain nitrogen. Some proteins also contain sulphur.

  2. Explain the need for nutrition by living organisms.

    In addition, glucagons, a hormone also produced by the pancreas, influences the level of blood sugar as it responds to low sugar levels in the blood. This hormone breaks down glucagons into glucose, which is readily available. The process of glycogen-glucose conversion, which is influenced by the enzyme phosphorylase, is known as glycogenolysis.

  1. Speech My mother has been watching the TV programme 'You are what you eat', ...

    Then listen to this: A child in the UK ate a 'Big Mac' and because his body could not digest it at all it turned into faeces inside his intestines, so his body got rid of it through his mouth.

  2. Nutrients are split into two main groups, the macronutrients which contains carbohydrates, fats and ...

    The Non-essential amino acids (NEAA) can synthesise from nitrogen, carbohydrates and fat. The main role of protein in the body is to act as building material. Proteins are needed for the manufacture and repair of most body structures. Enzymes are also made of proteins and are need to facilitate chemical reactions in the body.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work