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A Christmas Carol

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Introduction

With close reference to the text explain the different ways that scrooge changes after each encounter with the spirits and what methods Dickens uses to convey these changes in the novella. 'A Christmas Carol' At the time when dickens was writing the Christmas tradition was not nearly as important as it is today. The Christmas tradition gained popularity during the reign of Queen Victoria in England. One reason for this was that the monarchy supported it: Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's husband brought the German tradition of decorating the Christmas tree when he came to England. Life in Victorian Britain for the poor and un-privileged was very hard as children were uneducated; they had very little money and therefore were unable to afford to go to school. Young children were being employed in factories and mines as chimney sweeps. Children were expected to help towards the family budget, often working long hours in dangerous jobs and low wages. On the other hand life for the richer and fortunate people was more relaxing and also benefitted them in many ways. Parents could afford to send their children to school to get a good enough education; some were very fortunate and were able to be tutored at home. In Dickens 'A Christmas Carol' the readers follow a story that highlights many Victorian issues through a message in his novella. ...read more.

Middle

This tells us that as Scrooge is growing up, his life is getting back on track. This changes the readers understanding of the character because it shows us that he did go through a rough time and he hadn't always been a grumpy man who only cares about money. In stave three Scrooge gets a visit from the Ghost of Christmas present, 'If he be to die, he had better do it and decrease the surplus population' (the spirit). Dickens uses repetition here to emphasise the harshness of Scrooges words early in the novella. When Scrooge hears them again he realises how awful a thing to say it was and the Victorian reader too realises they may be in the wrong if they had not reacted when they heard Scrooge say the same thing in Stave Two. 'Scrooge hung his head to hear his own words quoted, by the spirit and was overcome with patience and grief. Here Dickens says for a change 'tells' rather than 'shows' to ensure that every reader realises that Scrooge is beginning to regret his actions. The omniscient narrator (all seeing all knowing) uses adjectives to describe Scrooges exact emotions, so the reader knows that he feels guilty for his past moral crimes against the Cratchit family. Towards the end of stave three, Scrooge notices two children beneath the spirit of Christmas Presents robe. ...read more.

Conclusion

"I am light as a feather, I am happy as an angel, I am as merry as a school boy, and I am as giddy as a drunken man, a merry Christmas to everybody!" These quotes sum up that Scrooge has changed; he now laughs with joy. The ghost of Christmas Yet to come might have had the biggest impact on Scrooge because he was shocked at how people did not care for his death and felt really sad and unwanted. I think at this point Scrooge definitely understood how people felt about him so he knew it was time for a change. From 'A Christmas Carol' Scrooge learns that money is not everything and that it affects your life and the people around you. By treating people with respect and making other peoples life's better it benefitted him; people saw Scrooge in a totally different way. Also Scrooge felt like a happier man. On the other hand from 'A Christmas Carol' the reader learns that charity is vital-social changes are needed to help the poor and destitute- we must all take responsibility for one another. Also we should be grateful for what we have and not always want more- modern communism makes us all feel we need to own more material possessions but we should be pleased with what we have rather than what we don't. ...read more.

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