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A Christmas Carol

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A Christmas Carol Charles Dickens "How does Charles Dickens use 'A Christmas Carol' as a metaphor to show the worst aspects of Victorian humanity?" Victorian England was atrocious. During this period work house had been set up. Poor people would be working long days in work houses, on little money and virtually no food. Families would be sharing rooms with other families, sleeping on cold, damp floor. Toilets would be to a row of houses. Outside mind you. The rich didn't care. Or was it they tried to ignore the fact? Pretend it wasn't happening. Either way the situation never seemed to improve. Charles Dickens cared, he was bothered. He knew something must be done to educate the rich, inform them on the dreadful treatment of the poor. But he knew he couldn't got screaming and ordering people around. So what better to do than write it cleverly in a novel. There were no TVs in the Victorian times, so to be 'cultured' the rich would read. Dickens knew that nearly everyone was affected by Christmas. So this will influence the reader more so. Ebenezer Scrooge' character brings out the worst possible characteristics of humanity, how he is parsimonious and has total apathy towards the poor. Scrooge reflects all of Charles Dickens feelings of social standing in Victorian times. ...read more.


Sparkled being onomatopoeic, this adds to Fred's image. Also the suggestion that one of Scrooge's relatives could be attractive is shocking. Fred's main speech Fred seems to emblematise Dickens message echoing the main theme in the story, and also moral lesson to the readers 'the only time I know of, in the long calendar of the year when men and women seem by one consent to open there shut-up hearts freely,' Fred's speech is very emotive and echoes Romantics. The main thing Fred does is to separate happiness from money/wealth. This is something Scrooge is unable to do or finds it hard to do. There was many poor people in Victorian England. They needed support and help. Christmas was this time, where they would unite with the rich. They weren't 'another race of creatures'. But while people starved Scrooge had more money than he could ever need. Even more than he could ever spend. Scrooge didn't use it to make himself happy, yet he would not share. Dickens has made Scrooge seem awful from the very start, his physical appearance seems inhuman. 'the cold within froze his old features, nipped his pointed nose, shrivelled his cheek, stiffened his gait; made his eyes red, his thin lips blue; and spoke out shrewdly in his grating voice' Dickens suggests several times that has inhuman characteristics, such as the cold within, as humans are warm blooded. ...read more.


'Hard and sharp as a flint from which no steel has ever struck out generous fire' Once again a comparison to stone. The idea that fire could be gained from flint but Dickens points that no fire can be achieved from Scrooge. This gives the idea that Scrooge has no warmth. Dickens removes all positive qualities of the stone leaving him not only to be inhuman and also being compared to an inanimate object, Dickens goes one further to say that he is even worse. Dickens wrote this book to show the people of Victorian times how they need to understand poor are just poor, they were people to. They need to be treated much better than how they were treated. Poverty wasn't something to be scared about. He knew that there would be a much stronger chance that if he wrote a book people would see what an awful person Scrooge was. Showing how dreadful he was around people who were his family. He treated his works with no respect, they feared him. Dickens used strong language to if not over emphasis the abominable behaviour of Scrooge. Descriptive language used to help us imagine Scrooge is also very strong. Dickens used many metaphors, comparisons against the negative sides of the weather to show Scrooges bad side. How the weather may have a positive, Scrooge didn't. Charles Dickens in the end shows how Scrooge this inhuman, evil man could be changed to care. Than maybe everyone else could have come a better person. ...read more.

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