• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A view From the bridge

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Examine the ideas of Manliness, Hostility and Aggression in 'A View from A bridge.' How are these ideas connected? 'A View from a Bridge' is a play inspired by Miller's own background, in terms of plot and context. Miller grew up in America and was the son of two immigrants. In the late 1940s he became interested in the work and lives of the communities and Longshoremen of New York's Brooklyn Harbour, a place where he had in fact previously worked. Many of the workers were exploited by their bosses, underpaid and had only recently immigrated to the United States. It was during this time that a young lawyer friend of Miller's 'mentioned a story he'd recently heard of a longshoreman who had ratted to the Immigration Bureau on two brothers, his own relatives, who were living illegally in his very own home, in order to break up an engagement between one of them and his niece.' Miller took this story combined with his upbringing and experiences on a recent trip to Sicily and provided the background to the drama 'A View from a Bridge'. The play takes place in Brooklyn around 1950s. Catherine is an orphan who lives with her aunt and uncle, Beatrice and Eddie Carbone. Eddie agrees to Beatrice's two relatives, Marco and Rodolpho, both of whom are illegal immigrants. Eddie, the plays protagonist, has a very particular view of the qualities of a man. When other characters don't conform to these masculine expectations it leads to hostility and aggression resulting in death. Our first impression of Eddie is that of a simple, average man. He comes across as a hardworking, friendly, kind and generous husband and uncle: especially as he is prepared to accept and welcome his wife Beatrice's illegal immigrant cousins into his own home. However Eddie has a very strong point of view of the qualities of manliness, believing that a real man should be strong, tough and mean. ...read more.

Middle

Alfieri, as a narrator and lawyer, doesn't take sides. Alfieri knows the law from both America and Italy and is therefore able to give a point of view from both sides. In my opinion I think Alfieri is the 'bridge' the play is about as he has knowledge of both the Italian and American sides and doesn't really say much but watches and comments on it. As I mentioned earlier Eddie speaks to Alfieri about Rodolfo saying "the guy ain't right". Alfieri brings up the idea that Eddie might have too much love for Catherine which was resulting in the overprotectiveness towards her and the hostility and aggression towards both Marco and Rodolfo: "She can't marry you can she Eddie" This demonstrates to the audience the love that Eddie has for Catherine and it refers back to a manliness characteristic of men liking women. Now small incidents which seemed innocent can be portrayed as sexual innuendoes for example at the beginning of the play Eddie takes pleasure in Catherine lighting his cigar, "here I'll light it for you! (She strikes a match and holds it to his cigar. He puffs, quietly.)" The use of proxemics help to discover a deeper feeling of love Eddie has towards Catherine. This also may be a result of why his relationship with his wife has been deteriorating, "it's been 3 months now Eddie." After Eddie hears Alfieri's statement of his unknowing love towards Catherine, Eddie becomes angry and aggressive, "(furiously) What are you talking about Marry me? I don't know what the hell you're talking about! (Pause)". The stage directions help to portray his anger and show how Eddie is in denial. As a man, having strength is of great importance, especially to Eddie whether it is physical or emotional. Yet the showings of these strengths are somewhat different. Eddie strongly believes that that a form of manliness is being able to show physical strength. ...read more.

Conclusion

reveal the lack of formal education and the deprivation experienced by the characters: "Listen, I could tell yiz things about Louis which you wouldn't wave to him no more" this is a language which is direct, vigorous and expressive both of what the characters mean and of what they are unable to communicate directly. The languages between the characters are very different causing dramatic tension. Eddie, Catherine and Beatrice all use short simple colloquial and uneducated sentences, "I was just knockin' off work before and Tony Berelli come over to me." Rodolfo's language is lively and witty. He is entertaining as we find out from Eddie's peers "he was just humorous" But Marco is quite the opposite. He initially speaks reserved, serious and intense but then is passionate and bitter, "Anima-a-l!" Throughout the play Eddie's beliefs in masculinity and characters failing to conform to this all lead to hostility and aggression. In my opinion I think that Eddie's expectations of what it means to be a 'real man' are too high and not even he is able to conform to these and I believe this to be the result in the aggression and hostility. Also Eddie isn't very well educated and finds it difficult to understand or express his feelings so often responds to threatening situations with verbal or physical aggression. I think that Miller was trying to show that during this era the man of the house was extremely important and the rest of the family depended on him. The man needs to have certain masculine qualities such as power, being hard working and caring for his family in order for the rest of his family to survive. I admire the attempts Eddie, Marco and Rodolfo make in confiding to Eddie's masculine beliefs even if they don't always live up to the highest of expectations. And I strongly believe that the clash of male characters' manliness was the cause of the majority of hostility and aggression. Janina Isaacs, English Coursework. - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Arthur Miller section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Arthur Miller essays

  1. Why and How Does Eddie Carbone Change As The Play Progresses? What Leads to ...

    From the start we saw how Eddie was in charge of the relationship, but now Beatrice is angered by his lack of attention. "Eddie, I want you to cut it out, right now, you hear me?". In Beatrice's frustration, she has stood up to him.

  2. "A View From the Bridge" - Show how Miller presents and develops the relationships ...

    I kiss your hand." Eddie does not see Rodolpho to have the power to give him his name back. All Eddie wants is his name back in the community, and Marco is the person who can do that. When Marco is coming down the street Calling for Eddie we know that something is going to happen.

  1. A View from The Bridge Coursework

    After the two kisses Rodolfo, defending Catherine's honour, fights with Eddie. Then when they stop fighting they are described as being like 'two animals that have torn at one another.' Miller reveals Eddie's character with this animal comparison because he is giving in to his inappropriate desires.

  2. A View From the Bridge - The whole of this play involves symbolism, on ...

    He also betrays Catherine's love for him as a father-figure and he betrays his own principles, all because he is in the grip of his strong sexual passion. Marx denied parita20's postmodernism hypothesis. Illusions This cours from www.coursework.info Many of Miller's characters suffer from illusions about what the world is like.

  1. A view from the bridge – Act 2: Scene where Eddie kisses Catherine and ...

    Rodolfo only wants to marry her in order to gain American citizenship. In the play evidence is given to prove this point when Eddie says 'Katie, he is only bowing to his passport, he marries you and he's got the right to be a citizen!'

  2. Examine the ideas of Manliness, Hostility and Aggression in A View From the Bridge. ...

    This is in stark contrast to Marco who doesn't allow anything to stop him from defending his honour, including his own promise. This sense of honour is instilled in him by his Sicilian roots. Due to the high amount of Italian immigrant families in Red Hook, honour plays an important

  1. Examine the Ideas of Manliness, Hostility and Aggression in 'A View from the Bridge'. ...

    Only the audience and Marco realise what Eddie is trying to do. However, had it been one of the other male characters who had been punched, they would have most likely retaliated or escalated the situation as we see Marco do in the 'chair' incident as well as the tragic ending.

  2. Examine the dramatic effectiveness of two key scenes between Eddie and Marco. ...

    The way that Eddie continually refuses to leave the apartment has a very dramatic effect on the audience because it shows them that he is not the type of man to back down from a challenge and certainly isn't the kind to apologize as he is too egotistical.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work