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Analysis of the opening scenes of "A Doll's House."

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Introduction

Analysis of the opening scenes Of "A Doll's House." The very first scene in A Doll's House, opens with extremely precise and detailed stage directions. These stage directions are very important and relevant as they benefit the characters and the directors. This is so that they know the backgrounds to the event of the scene. The stage directions show us as the readers the type of character he/she is. It reflects back upon the characters personality and lifestyle. The play is based in Helmers apartment and goes straight into description. The very first line of the stage directions gives us the impression that the Helmer's are happy, "...room furnished comfortably..." Here we see that the room is comfortably and tastefully but not expensively furnished. Even though it is not expensively furnished we can see straight away that the room is "happy" even though the inhabitants may be poor and unhappy. The structure of the play is a one room tight fitting. The structure of a one-room use is relevant to the play as it shows the restrictions on Nora as women in those days. The layout as a whole and the use of this structure reinforces the claustrophobic emotional nature of Nora and Helmer's relationship. ...read more.

Middle

From what I know about the play I see that Nora is shown to be very childish, devious and concealing by Ibsen. At the beginning of the play Nora is still a child in many ways, listening at doors and guiltily eating forbidden sweets behind her husbands back. She has gone straight from her fathers house to her husbands, bringing along her nursemaid to underline the fact that she's never grown up. She's also never developed a sense of self. She has always accepted her fathers and husbands opinions. Nora is also aware of the fact that Trovald would have no use for a wife who was his equal She humours Helmer by ignoring his comments and plays along with him. She has many childlike manners for example she eardrops her own husbands door. Throughout the play Nora is reborn. She becomes mature from immature, from ignorant to acknowledgeable. This fits in with the theme of Christmas, which Ibsen chose to set the play. As we come towards the end of the play we can see that Nora has discovered her true self. At the start of the play one of the first words used by Nora is "...hide..." Whilst this word is used alongside the stage directions it suggests deception and concealment. ...read more.

Conclusion

Ibsen has cleverly mentioned heritance without fully developing the point, to prepare the audience for what has yet to come. Torvald compare Nora to her father: referring to inheritance from her father he says, "...you are an odd little soul. Very like your father." Meaning she has inherited qualities from her father, whether they are good or bad qualities there is still reference to inheritance. Ibsen also mentions a bookcase of Torvald's. Here Ibsen has chosen his vocabulary carefully. Ibsen uses a "small" bookcase rather than a "big" bookcase. This is so that the audience can see the restrictions for someone like Torvald who is supposed to be a well-educated man. The fact that there is a small bookcase shows us that Torvald lacks knowledge and is very narrow minded. The play has been termed to be a "Well made play", which is true. The play had been well made by Ibsen as he left no loose ends and everything that happened in the play happened for a reason. The vocabulary used by Ibsen was also very cleverly chosen, as Ibsen did not waste words. The opening scenes of the play forecast what will happen throughout the rest of the play, and how Nora travels through a journey from immaturity to maturity and from ignorance to knowledge. Ifrah Naz. ...read more.

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