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Animal Farm

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Introduction

Level 2 Access/GCSE Communications Animal Farm Chose three chapters in the fable where you think the author's use of satire helps us to: * Understand the writers purpose * Understand what is happening in the novel * Understand and appreciate the 'characters' more fully * Appreciate the writers skill * Understand why he used a fable form rather than a novel Animal Farm was written by George Orwell in 1943, yet due to political sensitivity, not published until 1945. The novel is written as an allegory of communist Russia. In consideration of Russia being an ally of the British at this time one can understand the reluctance of many publishers to participate in its distribution. The story is set on an English farm and the animals on the farm are used as characters intended to represent prominent figures in the Soviet Union. The story centres around a revolution undertaken by the animals in order to oust the farmer, Mr Jones, and gain freedom from oppression and hardship. How the story unfolds relates directly to Orwell's profound disillusionment with revolutionary politics, human nature and our overwhelming need to dominate and suppress. The principle characters in this book are Napoleon, Squealer, Snowball and the pig population. ...read more.

Middle

The lies told by the eloquent Squealer are so outrageous to the reader and also at first difficult to swallow by the animals, but a desperate need to cling to a dream wins over the animal's judgement and memories. "now when Squealer described the scene so graphically, it seemed to the animals that they did remember it..." It is ironic that the more desperate conditions become the more the animals rely on the dream they fought for even as it participates in their down fall absolutely. The use of terror is one which has been a successful tool of control in many seemingly civilised societies, including Nazi Germany and perhaps the fear of terrorism is affecting our society's moral judgement at this very moment. Towards the end of the chapter the massacre in the cow shed takes place and the reader is led to believe that there is a possibility the main characters in the book are finally aware that everything they had worked for is a sham. They know another commandment has been broken, Clover in her thoughts mirrors our feelings and we feel that finally reality has been revealed, if however, Clover knows of their oppression she has discovered it too late and fear prevents her from speaking out. ...read more.

Conclusion

No set of events could, the reader believes, be more instrumental in creating disaffection amongst the farm animals. The animals are now controlled so thoroughly and from so many different angles even such obvious betrayals cannot stir them. To end this chapter we learn that ..."from somewhere or other the pigs had acquired the money to buy themselves another case of whiskey". The readers are fully aware of where some where or other is. The books final irony is the powerful use of Clover to observe dinner between the pigs and the humans. Because Clover is one of the few original surviving character it is effective that she witnesses the final symbolism of the pigs completed takeover. It is now impossible to distinguish between Pig and human. The true intentions of the pigs can no longer be ignored and the totalitarian state the farm animals exist in can no longer be denied. Animal farm is renamed Manor Farm, there is no longer any motivation to hide how this society is run. Because there is no happy conclusion to this novel it is evident to the reader that this is no charming fairy tale. It is ironic because the animals fought so hard for nothing but far more desperate conditions and slavery and haunting because the whole story portrays human pre disposition towards power, exploitation and cruelty. ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL BUT SOME ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS. Charlotte Walton WALCHA07 22-04-05 ...read more.

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