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At the beginning of the novel Dickens wants us to dislike Scrooge. Dickens uses numerous language techniques

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Introduction

A Christmas Carol Charles Dickens wrote 'A Christmas Carol' in the Victorian period. It was written because he thought that it was wrong for people to starve and wanted to change this. He saw how many families lived in extreme poverty and had to beg, steal and go into prostitution just to get the money they needed. He used Scrooge as a mouthpiece to represent all businessmen and tried to influence them into changing into tolerable people and assisting the less fortunate. Dickens wanted to change the social injustices and inequalities of the time. The rich usually socialised with people of their own wealth and the poor people socialised with people who were living in the same conditions as themselves. Therefore each was ignorant in each other's light. At the beginning of the novel Dickens wants us to dislike Scrooge. Dickens uses numerous language techniques to show why the reader should dislike him. Dickens portrays the main character as a cold old man, and 'tight fisted'. In the opening paragraph he describes Scrooges personality 'wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching.' Dickens uses these descriptive words in a long list, to emphasise strongly the unkind personality Scrooge has. ...read more.

Middle

After this he becomes sad and says 'there was a boy singing carols at my door last night, I should have liked to give him something; that's all.' Which shows him having the feeling of regret. The ghost then takes Scrooge to another Christmas period and the scene changes to Mr Fezziwig. Dickens deliberately contrasts Fezziwig with Scrooge. Mr Fezziwig is Scrooges ex employer, he is a businessman. Mr Fezziwig is a happy, kind, jolly character. Scrooge reminisces about when he used to work for Fezziwig, and reflects on how much he relished it. 'the happiness he gives is quite as great as it costs a fourteen.' This highlights to us that Scrooge realises how generous Fezziwig was and yet was still a good businessman. Scrooge is starting to show more emotion, 'I should be able to say a word or two to my clerk just now.' This shows us Scrooge remembers how he was treated when he was an apprentice, and how he can treat Cratchit who works for him. Scrooge is feeling a bit regretful that he treats his employee with no respect. The final place Scrooge is taken to is the place where his ex-fianc�e, Belle, breaks off the engagement because she feels ' another idol has misplaced me, a golden one.' ...read more.

Conclusion

At this point he is no longer a mean miser but a good man. At the end of the novel after all three ghosts had visited Scrooge, he returned back to reality a changed man. As he returns in his room from the encounter with the ghost he praises everyone and everything. This demonstrates that he has changed for the better. Dickens again shows his change by using similes, 'as giddy as a child' Dickens shows the rebirth of Scrooge, in that he is now a child and looking at Christmas in a new light. Dickens uses the repetition of the word 'good' to create a very positive effect on Scrooge. Scrooge is now a kind man and is generous and loving and wants to change what he has for-seen. He buys a big turkey for the Cratchits and goes to his nephew's house for dinner. He also gives Bob a raise and tries to turn round his life. This is a big contrast to the cold hearted, cruel miser we saw at the beginning of the story. Dickens saw a problem with working conditions. Dickens saw a problem with housing conditions. Dickens saw a problem with people starving and having to steal. With our lifestyles most of us have today, we can says Charles Dickens changed all of our lives for the better. By Tim Coll ?? ?? ?? ?? Tim Coll 11Gr ...read more.

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