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Christmas Carol Essay

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How does Dickens effectively portray the transformation in Scrooge's character? Consider the devices used to show the contrast between his character in the opening and closing of the novel. 'A Christmas Carol' was written by Charles Dickens and was published in 1843 when life was much different to nowadays. London was experiencing rapid urbanisation; better lighting and transport were developed also trade and industry allowed London to become richer and bigger resulting in better sanitation, less poverty and better lives for the people. However, there was still a significant amount of people who could not afford to look after themselves and were sent to live and work in the dreaded workhouses. These were large houses set up where the poor and helpless could live and work but the people usually ended up worse than when they entered the workhouse. The poor feared the workhouses as they were often abused, over worked and exploited. In stave one, Scrooge is depicted as a cold, melancholy, old man firstly due to the death of his only friend: Jacob Marley. ...read more.


At first Scrooge does not believe he is real and that Marley's ghost could be 'an undigested bit of beef' as Scrooge believes he is seeing things and is dreaming. But after the phantom dropped his lower jaw 'down upon his breast' Scrooge 'fell upon his knees, and clasped his hands before his face' this implies that Scrooge was scared and shocked that the phantom was real and began to believe in its existence. Marley's ghost then tells Scrooge of the chain that he made 'link by link, and yard by yard' which Marley 'girded it on my own free will, and of my own free will I wore it'. This also scares Scrooge as Marley tells him of Scrooges 'ponderous chain' that is waiting for him unless he changes his ways. Scrooge is then described looking around him expecting to see the chain wrapped around him. The reader can deduce from this that Scrooge is petrified of this happening to him. Overall, Scrooge appears to be scared of Marley's ghost, which, already, shows a slight change in his personality. ...read more.


This dinner scene has a big effect on Scrooge as he realises that even though the Cratchits are extremely poor they still manage to enjoy Christmas and are very grateful for what they have. Tiny Tim, a member of the Cratchit family who is described as a 'cripple', is a very significant character in this stave and has a huge effect on Scrooge. This is shown to the reader as Dickens wrote that Scrooge asked the Spirit 'with an interest he had never felt before' if 'Tiny Tim will live?' this shows that Scrooge is still changing as he is thinking about others and is feeling new feelings and becoming less miserable and self-centred. The Spirit cleverly puts Scrooge down and reminds him of what he used to be by replying that if Tiny Tim would die 'he had better do it, and decrease the surplus population' Scrooge then 'hung his head to hear his own words quoted by the Spirit, and was overcome with penitence and grief' showing that's Scrooge was ashamed of what he used to be like and how selfish he was and he also regrets saying it and wishes he could change what he said. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jack plows 10sh ...read more.

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