• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and Contrast the Opening Chapters of 'Lord of the Flies' by William Golding and 'Great Expectations' by Charles Dickens

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare and Contrast the Opening Chapters of 'Lord of the Flies' by William Golding and 'Great Expectations' by Charles Dickens 'Lord of the Flies' and 'Great Expectations' were written a century apart, yet both novels explore ideas that are still relevant today. Both authors use the characters and symbolism as vehicles to convey their message about society and human nature. The opening of Lord of the Flies conforms to the 'castaway adventure' convention - a group of boys marooned on a beautiful desert island. William Golding uses vivid descriptions of the island to set the scene, and to convey the atmosphere, 'The shore was fledged with palm trees...the water drew to a point at infinity; and always, almost visible, was the heat' We are made aware of the heat and the beauty of the island, but the initial 'castaway adventure' impression changes throughout the course of the novel as both the characters and the setting begin to change. The boys become savage and the island is destroyed. Amongst the descriptions of this apparently paradisiacal beautiful island, Golding gives subtle hints of future events by showing how the island has been affected by the sudden arrival of the boys, '...smashed into the jungle...broken trunks...' and by indicating that the fruit on the islands gives the boys diarrhoea. ...read more.

Middle

Throughout the novel Ralph tries to fight for reason and civilisation and although he too gets drawn into the brutal mass attack on Simon he end up alone, trying to escape from Jack and the other boys. He becomes very brave and characteristics of his bravery are complemented by his description. Although written a century apart, both authors show awareness of class divisions in their opening chapters. From the first few sentences that Piggy says we can see that he has an accent ' When we was coming down I looked through one of them windows...and this is what the tube done...' We are introduced to Magwitch's accent also in his first few sentences 'Tell us your name...give it mouth!...Show us where you live, pint out the place!' These accentuated accents give the impression that the characters are of a different class to the others, whose accents are more what we would today call 'middle England'. The accents allow the authors to explore the contrast in wealth and background between the characters. Both Piggy and Magwitch, who are seen as the lower class characters, are outcasts - Magwitch because he is a convict and Piggy because of his weight and his glasses. However, later on in the novels Magwitch and Piggy surprise us. We find out that Piggy is a lot more knowledgeable than the rest of the boys and he is also very sensible and a loyal friend to Ralph. ...read more.

Conclusion

This shows that the novel was written in Victorian times, when children automatically treated adults with respect and deferred to them without question. Both William Golding and Charles Dickens use symbolism in their opening chapters. William Golding introduces the conch in the first chapter - a symbol of democracy. Originally the conch is used to call meetings, and bring the boys to order. As the boys become increasingly savage, the conch become decreasingly important. It is eventually smashed when Piggy dies, and along with the destruction of the conch, the final traces of democracy leave the island. The island itself is the shape of boat. This is a symbol of human society and symbolises the boy's journey of self-discovery. In Great Expectations, as the convict runs away, he runs towards a 'gibbet'. This is a wooden frame on which the corpse of a hanged man would be displayed. It is a symbol of punishment, and the convict seems to be running towards it, as if he is moving towards his own death sentence. 'Lord of the Flies' and 'Great Expectations' both effectively explore the use of symbols, deal with childhood perceptions and the distinction between social classes to create powerful images which communicate a timeless message about human nature. Both use descriptions of characters, suspense and surroundings to create an atmosphere, and succeed in making their opening chapters effective. 1 Jessica Cohen 11B ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Great Expectations section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Great Expectations essays

  1. Great expectation

    Furthermore, Pips sister, Mrs. Joe is always reminding him how much she has suffered because of him. One of the reasons for Pips forceful changes is because of his sister's messages, which fuels him with desires, ambitions and snobbery. Charles Dickens describes Mrs.

  2. Analysis of chapters 1-8 in Great Expectation by Charles Dickens

    When Magwitch is being described by Dickens, he is described as a list with a never-ending feel. Dickens uses the words "a man" several times followed by the word "and" which shows that he is listing the details about Magwitch.

  1. How does Charles Dickens present Pip as vulnerable in the opening chapters of Great ...

    Charles Dickens also uses dialogue to show difference and also shows the huge difference between Pip and Estella.' You coarse little monster and 'you little wretch'. The use of dialogue reveals that Estella insults him very much and also shows the huge difference between the two, because she can call

  2. Compare, Contrast and Analyse Chapters 1 and 39 of Great Expectations.

    The use of the word "stormy", which has connotations of violent, disturbing and rough, creates an intense, unsettled atmosphere; the unsettled atmosphere created by this quote, gives the reader a sense of anxiety, representing Pip's feelings in chapter thirty-nine. The use of pathetic fallacy highlights Pip's worries, outlined at an

  1. Great Expectation by Charles Dickens. Opening, characters and chapter 5.

    The misty marshes near Pip's childhood home, one of the most evocative of the book's settings, are used several times to symbolize danger and uncertainty. Whenever Pip goes into the mists, something dangerous is likely to happen. Magwitch - Abel Magwitch ("The Convict")

  2. Great Expectations - Compare Pips first and second meetings with the convict Able Magwitch ...

    negative to positive, and has helped them both understand the better person in them, and each other. In conclusion, I think that Charles Dickens has written an excellent story containing the themes of romance, action, money, and society. He combines each theme with grace as he is able to link one with another one to.

  1. An exploration of the ways in which issues of class and status are presented ...

    as the village folk, and that greater social mobility, or restricting social mobility, would both have allowed the books disastrous ending to be avoided. For example, as Marian and Ted sing together after the cricket, onlookers comment; "If it wasn't for the difference, what a handsome pair they'd make."

  2. How does Dickens create sympathy for his characters in the first 11 chapters of ...

    To him, it's a place where he can dream for the future and build up his 'great expectations'. Chapter 1 is a key point in the novel. Not only because it introduces the story and the characters, but because of the contact Pip has with the convict, who is named Magwitch.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work