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Compare and contrast the representation of good and evil in Golding's, 'Lord of the Flies' and Stevenson's 'Jekyll and Hyde'

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Introduction

By Sabina Chan Compare and contrast the representation of good and evil in Golding's, 'Lord of the Flies' and Stevenson's 'Jekyll and Hyde' In Golding's Lord of the Flies and Stevenson's Jekyll and Hyde good and evil are important themes. Good and evil are represented in many different ways in Lord of the Flies and Jekyll and Hyde. While Golding was written Lord of the Flies Jekyll and Hyde was written in Victorian England times. This novel was written in 1886. The entire 19th century was often concerned with the concept of a double self or twin. This 19th century genre began with a story when Dr Frankenstein created his monster in 1818. Jekyll and Hyde was written before the end of the century. It was a time when people especially authors were concerned with the ideas of death and re-birth, urbanism, sexual revolution, sexual epidemics and imperial decline. These turn of the century characters have become part of our cultural mythology, for example Dracula and Dorian Grey. In Lord of the Flies there are two main evil characters and their names are Jack and Roger. Jack at beginning of the novel he gives off a bad reputation. Throughout the novel he is nasty, he rules his tribe of savages with weapons, suppresses the island with his dictatorship. He is violent and blood-thirsty. Rejects democracy, also he is arrogant, aggressive, irresponsible and irritable. ...read more.

Middle

Most people in life have had an evil side but they choose to ignore this. The boys, when put on an island together, become scared and frightened as they realise the beast (the evil in them) is tormenting them. The hunt for 'the beast' is set off when the dead pilot falls to the island and the boy's suspicions are reinforced. The evil represented in the following themes; the bestial images; the tribal links; the changes in power and leadership; the nature of the island. In Jekyll and Hyde evil is shown through the dual personality of Jekyll and Hyde, showing that he is both good and evil. This was a concern of the Victorian era when the book was written. The evil represented in the following themes; the dark home that Mr. Hyde lived in; the beast in Dr. Jekyll; and the tribal links. Themes and symbols of evil in Lord of the Flies: The themes used are tribal and savagery, leadership, evil, order and prejudice. The symbols used are fire, glasses, the conch, masks, the beasts and the pigs head. The fire represents passion to kill, warmth, danger, anger, fear, red the colour of danger and the smoke is a sin for help. The glasses represents vision, as Piggy wares them it gives him a clear vision, also a vision of the island and the glasses start the fire. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example Dr. Jekyll is a well respected, polite gentleman, but when his infernal alter ego, Mr. Hyde, takes over him, Dr. Jekyll becomes evil, this explores the potential each person has for bestiality and evil. Stevenson believed that together, they indicate an increasing subtle apprehensive and representation of human behaviour. In conclusion these two novels have many representations of good and evil. Lord of the Flies is all about being in power and the evil is only due because the boys were left on the island alone. Jekyll and Hyde is about having a split personality, the story suggest that all humans possess good and evil qualities. Also there are lots of themes and symbols in these two novels to represent good and evil. The two novels it is good vs. evil, in Jekyll and Hyde it's a desperate struggle for Dr. Jekyll as he does not want to be evil but the evil inside him Mr. Hyde takes over his thoughts and makes him do the wrong things, and in Lord of the Flies is more about political power, and the struggle of the society, Jack is in power as everyone else is frightened of him, and he says what goes, and the good characters like Ralph, Piggy and Simon they try to stop him but do not succeed and Jack gets more evil throughout the novel. These two novels are very different in their ways, but both represent the good and evil in people. ...read more.

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