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Compare and contrast the views of autumn in Ted Hughes' 'There came a day' and John Keats' 'Ode to Autumn.' How do the poets use language and structure to convey these views?

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Introduction

Compare and contrast the views of autumn in Ted Hughes' 'There came a day' and John Keats' 'Ode to Autumn.' How do the poets use language and structure to convey these views? In the poems 'There came a day' by Ted Hughes and 'Ode to Autumn' by John Keats, different view points of autumn are noticeably portrayed using language to convey the poets' opinions. As Keats was a pre-twentieth century poet, this may explain why he included his own positive feelings and love towards autumn and nature. Hughes on the other hand was a twentieth century poet and wrote his poems from a factual view rather than a personal one - hence why his thoughts were negative; as autumn is a season of decay and end of life. The poem 'Ode To Autumn' is addressed to Autumn by name. The reader can already assume that the poem shows optimistic views about Autumn, as the title means 'to praise autumn'. In 'There Came a Day' however, the reader feels cautious about 'the day', and is quite uncomfortable about it. This title sets quite a negative, possibly sinister tone. To begin with, 'Ode to Autumn' starts with a colourful, cheery introduction. Keats uses positive word choice such as 'fruitfulness' and 'mellow' to present autumn in a positive way. ...read more.

Middle

Hughes believes that autumn is not associated with the sun, thereupon it shows a contrast between both poets' different view points. I have noticed that both poets use quotations - the difference being that Hughes' are personified as Autumn, and Keats' are rhetorical. ''Where are the songs of spring, ay where are they?'' shows disappointment that the season is coming to an end, but Keats is quick to reassure the reader that it will arrive sometime soon, and to be happy that Autumn came to begin with. The repetition of ''the day said, the day said'' used by Hughes makes a striking, powerful effect on the reader. It also shows evidence of how the questions are shown as Autumn. Hughes and Keats both have a love for nature, as they were raised in countryside. Even though they grew up in different places, which could affect the way in which they see nature, they both write about birds that migrate and birds that don't. So this is a similarity that the two poems have. The phrase ''And what shall I do with the birds...the birds I've frightened let them flit, I'll hang out the pork for the brave tomtit.'' shows the point of view of what happens to the birds during autumn. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 'Ode to Autumn' it is set out completely different, as there are only three stanzas, which all have eleven lines and they are not aligned, but they are however set out in an unusual way. The first stanza is about the positive outlook on autumn and the harvest of food. The second stanza is about hibernation, and the third is about the start of winter, migration and death. The vocabulary used in the poems is also very different. This is probably because of the period that the poems were written, and the poets' personal styles. John Keats was a pre-twentieth century poet, so the vocabulary used in his poem was very old fashioned and traditional. We can tell this from phrases such as: "thou hast'' and "thou dost". Ted Hughes was a twentieth century poet, so his language is more modern. Phrases such as "stuff them" and "plucked it" show that it is a more recent poem. The two poems have many differences and only a few similarities. I believe there to be so many differences to be because of the different time period that the two poets lived in because John Keats's poem is more traditional and Ted Hughes's is modern. It is also because of the different style they write in and their own personal points view about autumn. Although I feel the similarity between the two poems is that both poets show their individual feelings. ...read more.

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