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Compare and contrast the way the poets of the 'Love and Loss' anthology have responded to the ideology of the Romantic Movement

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Introduction

The poems in our Romantic Poetry anthology refer to different types of love. But they are joined by a common theme of 'Love and Loss'. Compare and contrast various poems and comment on the ways in which these poets have responded to the ideology of 'The Romantic Movement' of the Nineteenth century. I am studying three poems from the Romantic Movement anthology 'Love and Loss'. They are 'A Birthday' and 'Remember' by Christina Rossetti, and 'My last Duchess' by Robert Browning. The Romantic Movement was the start of a creative revolution. Romanticism is the term used to describe a movement in European literature, art and music. In England the movement was led poets such as Keats, Byron and Wordsworth. The principal theme of the movement was that reason and logic could not explain every thing. The Romantics listened to the individual conscience rather than the demands of society. They reacted against the intellectuals of the Classic period and against the 'rigidity' of the social structures. Common themes found in the Romantic include Nature. You can find reference to nature in almost all Romantic poems. ...read more.

Middle

She, being Eve waiting for the return of Adam. Christina Rossetti was a devout Christian. She fell in love twice but both relationships ended because they were not the same religion as her. These break-ups had a devastating affect on her, this is reflected in her work. Another of her poems, remember is a total contrast to A birthday. A birthday has a main theme of happiness, rebirth and nature whereas Remember is about death and grief. One of the techniques she uses to emphasise these key points and themes in her poem is alliteration. There are a lot of hard sounding phonetics that are repeated in this poem. For example, 'who's boughs are bent' and 'dais of silk and down'. The repetitions of the 'b' and 'd' sounds almost drill it into your head. She also used rpetition. This helped emphasise the point that her lover is coming back 'my lover is come to me'. The repetition of 'my heart' suggests she wants the audience to know that she cares about this man so much that she has let him into her heart. These repetitions are then compared to an image of nature. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Romantics wanted you to gain something from reading their poems. Another poem with a surprising ending is 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' by John Keats. One of Keats' techniques is to create a 'bubble' in his poems. He often tries to portray a dreamlike quality with his use of fictional words and characters such as 'faery' and 'elfin grot'. He then bursts the bubble often (move to ...... 'He then often bursts the bubble' ....) by telling the audience it was a vision or hallucination, 'I awoke and found myself here'. This results in the audience not obtaining the sense of satisfaction and therefore not enjoying the ending. The beginning is so idealistic 'full beautiful' that Keats maybe thought anything so unspoiled would never be able to last. He wants to take the reader out of reality to a happy place and then the shock of reality will be even more forceful. In this poem, as before in Christina Walsh's poem, the woman is dominant over the man. At that time, women were tied down with chores but here the girl is liberated. At the time it was written, this would have caused a sense of unease in the reader, especially as the woman wasn't human, but a 'faery'. ...read more.

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