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Consider How Sherriff uses structure & language in the play

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Consider How Sherriff uses structure & language of the play "Journey's End" to unfold the character of Stanhope. Journeys End shows the negative way and terrible conditions war affects Stanhope and his troops. Although Stanhope is a dedicated officer he is also enigmatic. The structure and language are used in this play to show the way in which war affects soldiers and the changes Stanhope goes through during the war. Life in the 1900's was happy care free and relaxed. People went about their business without a care in the world, towns were full of life. Then, when the war started, shock hit home. All the men disappeared, towns, villages & cities were left, deserted. Rationing began and people soon found war was not pleasant or a game, contrary to what was thought beforehand. The theatre was a place people went for entertainment. Therefore people were not expecting the harsh images portrayed in the play Journey's end. In this play language is used to emphasize the class system. The lower class soldiers use slang where as the upper class soldiers use proper, posh English. ...read more.


Even though it might not seem long to us, when you are in freezing temperatures with little food and water and terrible hygiene, a year is seen as a very long time. Also as he came out from school he was very young and was completely unprepared for the effects of war. Stanhope hates "skivers" This is made clear in the discussion between Hibbert and Stanhope. Hibbert: "... I must go into hospital and have some kind of treatment" Stanhope: "You're going to stay right here" Stanhope doesn't even consider letting Hibbert go to hospital, he thinks that because he has neuralgia but continued fighting without going to hospital so can anyone. He uses different techniques to stop Hibbert leaving: He uses his own emotions, telling Hibbert that he (Stanhope) has neuralgia and if he can stick it out so can Hibbert, he threatens to shoot him for "deserting" (this is almost emotional blackmail because nobody would want to leave their friends) and told Hibbert he has told the doctor to send him back up if he did go down. Stanhope does not want him, or his men to take part in the raid. This is made clear in his conversation with the Colonel. ...read more.


Stanhope has strong feelings for Raleigh, despite what he says. There are many quotes to support this statement. "... well Jimmy..." All through the play Stanhope has treated Raleigh like the others, despite knowing him previously. As the uses his first name in this quote shows Stanhope is finally showing his true feelings to him. "...yes old boy..." This shows Stanhope is treating Raleigh with the kind of respect he gave to Osbourne, somebody who Stanhope liked very much. Stanhope's whole mood changes at the end of Act 3 as soon as he finds out Raleigh might not survive. "...Stanhope lightly runs his hand through Raleigh's hair... The shock stabs out the candle flame" A candle represents life and when a shock puts the flame out it shows just how easy it is for someone to die. Raleigh is a device, used by sheriff to emphasize the changes the character Stanhope goes through throughout the play. Sheriff unfolds the character of Stanhope by using Raleigh; who is merely a device used to depict the many tragedies and hardships of war. Stanhope is nobody's ideal hero, but in the play he is the biggest hero of all, despite being shown as a drunk. He is used to demonstrate the tragedy of war. Jak Money 10G1 ...read more.

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