• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century,

Extracts from this document...


Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century In 1829 Sir Robert Peel, Home Secretary, created a force named the Metropolitan Police. This Metropolitan Police force, were known as 'peelers' or 'bobbies' after their founder, they replaced the Bow Street Runners, the Thames River Police Force and the general watchmen and parish constables who had patrolled the streets of London and other cities. Police in London had different positions and acted in different ways, some polices collected taxes from traders and some inspected tramcars and cabs. But the most common and main duties of the MPF were simply to deal with drunkenness, begging, vagrancy and prostitution. These duties were different to others that were proposed stating that the whole City of London should be placed under the control of the Metropolitan Police Force. Constables learnt their trade "'on the job', which was not an easy task. Hours of duty could be as long as 14 a day, seven days a week." Most time was spent on military drills and appearance instead of police work, so this lead to improper conducts by officers. ...read more.


The reputation of the police was not helped when it was seen that they were favouring the upper class and the working class were being treated unfairly, this affected the East End London area. Whitechapel was basically a poor residential area, a population of 900,000 people lead to over-crowding and extremely poor sanitation. Animals were slaughtered on the streets ,blood and excrements coloured the narrow roads. Drunkenness and improper conducts lead to uncleanness , filthiness, and early child death was very common. In other words it was the home of unemployed and uneducated citizens. Forensic science and detection techniques were improving within the force. In the early nineteenth century the only method of detection was foot printing and eye print which sometimes located the criminals. "In 1884 a murderer was convicted because of the torn paper used for his pistol wadding matched the minute pieces that were found in his victims wound from the firearm." The invention of fingerprinting in 1901, was very useful in solving crimes. Another form of police detection was photography. This method was originally used because it was thought possible distinguish criminal 'types' from the shape of their skull and facial features. ...read more.


It was not until the mid 19th century that executions were held privately behind prison walls. Although prisons in the 19th century were an absolute shambles and were in very poor conditions. The structural side of the prisons was a disgrace and had been hugely neglected. Most of the prisons in England were structurally disgraced. There was no separation between men, children and women; all sorts of thinks went on. Prisons were riddled with disease and there was absolutely no thought for good sanitation conditions, "after all they are criminals". That was the view of many people in the 19th century. In conclusion , we can now see that although law and order in London in the nineteenth century was improved and regulated by the Metropolitan Police Force it had its failures as well. For instance while there were far fewer street crimes in the second half of the nineteenth century with the introduction of the MPF, but the number of burglaries increased. A -slayer who held the East of London in his grip of terror spanning nearly a whole year, who has still never been caught. Mohamed Hassan 10CH ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE William Blake section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE William Blake essays

  1. Is profit the only aim that motivates the owners of small shops?

    There was a shortage of detectives in London compared to other major cities. As time went by detectives developed their methods in order to catch criminals. Forensic progress was made and in 1884 John Toms was convicted of murder because the torn paper used for his pistol wadding matched the paper recovered from wound in the head of the victim.

  2. Practical Criticism:

    I think that Songs as a whole maps out a series of progressions from a point of relative naivet� to a point of knowledge ,experience and artistry. From faith in a God, to doubt, to ultimate faith in the self.

  1. The Changing Urban Geography of the Inner East End and the City of London.

    There are now also attractive housing developments and a much better service and leisure infrastructure. Spittalfields Spitalfields lies at the heart of the East End of London and is famous for its bustling street markets. Many people are drawn to Spitalfields for the wide variety of eateries found around the markets.

  2. London Knights - Situation analysis.

    * Direct Mail The knights got their spectators details through competitions and they use direct mail where they send the spectators special offers such as disco night and casino night. The Knights have already got a website where they displayed the latest news, history, players profiles and corporate information etc.

  1. How, if at all, did the lives of Londoners in the seventeenth century differ ...

    the century, and as a corollary the level of fertility of the London population. Hence, marriage was far rarer in London during the seventeenth century than elsewhere, and girls married younger, probably because the demand for a spouse was so high amongst the male population11.

  2. Analyse the impact of the transport revolution on Victorian London

    Railways and steam trains were, however, the most important symbol of the transport revolution. The earliest steam-powered passenger railway in London was the London and Greenwich service, which opened in 1836, some eleven years after the first railway that was Stockton and Darlington.

  1. Why was London the inevitable starting point for news publication in serial form?

    Fleet Street and London as a whole was the ideal place for the press to be based in market terms. Frank sums this up in 'The Beginning of the English Newspaper': "It was only in the city that enough people, interest and news existed to justify printing a newspaper."2 Since

  2. "How the population of Deptford has changed from 1945-1999".

    There are many different races: Chinese, White, Black-Caribbean, Asian etc. I also found out that there was a collection between the ethnic make-up, to the different ethnic shops (businesses) in Deptford. For example, there were Chinese and Indian restaurants and take away, Black-Caribbean and Asian vegetable stores.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work