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Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century,

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Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century In 1829 Sir Robert Peel, Home Secretary, created a force named the Metropolitan Police. This Metropolitan Police force, were known as 'peelers' or 'bobbies' after their founder, they replaced the Bow Street Runners, the Thames River Police Force and the general watchmen and parish constables who had patrolled the streets of London and other cities. Police in London had different positions and acted in different ways, some polices collected taxes from traders and some inspected tramcars and cabs. But the most common and main duties of the MPF were simply to deal with drunkenness, begging, vagrancy and prostitution. These duties were different to others that were proposed stating that the whole City of London should be placed under the control of the Metropolitan Police Force. Constables learnt their trade "'on the job', which was not an easy task. Hours of duty could be as long as 14 a day, seven days a week." Most time was spent on military drills and appearance instead of police work, so this lead to improper conducts by officers. ...read more.


The reputation of the police was not helped when it was seen that they were favouring the upper class and the working class were being treated unfairly, this affected the East End London area. Whitechapel was basically a poor residential area, a population of 900,000 people lead to over-crowding and extremely poor sanitation. Animals were slaughtered on the streets ,blood and excrements coloured the narrow roads. Drunkenness and improper conducts lead to uncleanness , filthiness, and early child death was very common. In other words it was the home of unemployed and uneducated citizens. Forensic science and detection techniques were improving within the force. In the early nineteenth century the only method of detection was foot printing and eye print which sometimes located the criminals. "In 1884 a murderer was convicted because of the torn paper used for his pistol wadding matched the minute pieces that were found in his victims wound from the firearm." The invention of fingerprinting in 1901, was very useful in solving crimes. Another form of police detection was photography. This method was originally used because it was thought possible distinguish criminal 'types' from the shape of their skull and facial features. ...read more.


It was not until the mid 19th century that executions were held privately behind prison walls. Although prisons in the 19th century were an absolute shambles and were in very poor conditions. The structural side of the prisons was a disgrace and had been hugely neglected. Most of the prisons in England were structurally disgraced. There was no separation between men, children and women; all sorts of thinks went on. Prisons were riddled with disease and there was absolutely no thought for good sanitation conditions, "after all they are criminals". That was the view of many people in the 19th century. In conclusion , we can now see that although law and order in London in the nineteenth century was improved and regulated by the Metropolitan Police Force it had its failures as well. For instance while there were far fewer street crimes in the second half of the nineteenth century with the introduction of the MPF, but the number of burglaries increased. A -slayer who held the East of London in his grip of terror spanning nearly a whole year, who has still never been caught. Mohamed Hassan 10CH ...read more.

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