• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9

Dickens is a writer whose work reflected the concerns of the society in which he lived. What are those concerns and how does he convey them to the reader of A Christmas Carol?

Extracts from this document...


Dickens is a writer whose work reflected the concerns of the society in which he lived. What are those concerns and how does he convey them to the reader of A Christmas Carol? 'A Christmas Carol' was written in 1843 by Charles Dickens. Dickens was appalled when he visited the Field Lane Ragged School, in which Dickens couldn't believe how awful the conditions were. The children there were poor, starving and near death and Dickens decided he needed to do something about it. At first Dickens thought of writing a pamphlet to appeal to the people of England, and tell them this atrocity needs to be stopped. However he realised that it would have more effect if he wrote a novel instead, because Dickens was a very successful and admired author and had already written works that included Oliver Twist and The Old Curiosity Shop. The novel meant more people would read it and take notice. Dickens based a lot of his novels on his own experiences in his life and this including the time when his father was imprisoned for debt and Dickens was forced to work in a blacking factory. Dickens found this a reprehensible experience and it inspired much of his later fiction such as one of his most recognized books - Oliver Twist. Dickens was always interested in the current social problems and was known as a reformer, namely someone who endeavoured to change society for the better. Examples include his novel 'Bleak House' which investigated and criticised the legal system at the time and also 'Hard Times' which concerned itself with the poor education being given to the nations children. This society in Dickens' time, in which he tried so hard to change, was an unfair time where the world was enjoyed by the rich and suffered by the poor. Dickens could have relaxed and not bothered about the class below him yet he showed admirable honour and nobility in his pursuit for his quest for fairer life and this is perhaps why is regarded as one of the worlds greatest authors today. ...read more.


"Dear, dear, brother." She clearly loves him a lot and has come to bring Scrooge home "for ever and ever." Scrooge remembers how kind she was. "She had a large heart!" She was there to help everyone and the Spirit reminds him that she had a child. "Your Nephew!" Scrooge seems uneasy at this. Earlier on Christmas Eve he had shouted at his nephew and thrown him out of the counting house. Scrooge feels regret because he now can see his dead sister in his Nephew. We then move on to Fezziwig's where Scrooge was apprenticed. We can immediately see the great contrast between the Ebenezer and Old Fezziwig. "No, more work tonight. Christmas Eve, Dick! Christmas Ebenezer! Let's have the shutters up before a man can say Jack Robinson!" Fezziwig is so cheerful about Christmas we can't help but notice how cold and harsh Scrooge was earlier and we remember how nasty he was to his clerk. The gleeful, happy Scrooge can't help but remember this to and reluctantly admits he would like to have a work or two with Bob Cratchit now. The ghost reminded Scrooge that Fezziwig has done nothing special, and he only spent little on it. "The happiness" Mr. Fezziwig gives "is quite as great as if it cost a fortune" Scrooge feels guilty. We now can really see what one of Dickens main concerns is; the way in which poor workers were being exploited by their greedy employers. Dickens uses juxtaposition to compare the coldness of Scrooge and the warmth of Fezziwig to show what employers should act like. Progressing on we see Scrooge and his fianc�e meeting up for the last time. She first met Scrooge, a kind, young man who was a poor and content apprentice at Fezziwigs but since he has gradually changed getting greedier and now Scrooge can't love her simply because she is poor. ...read more.


They learn to be content with the death as Bob says "I am very happy." The family can take positives from this and this again shows how strong willed and 'good' the Cratchits are. Scrooge, still anxious to learn the lesson of his latest visitor, begs to know the name of the dead man. After pleading with the ghost, Scrooge finds himself in a churchyard, the spirit pointing to a grave. Scrooge looks at the headstone and is shocked to read his own name. He desperately begs the spirit to alter his fate, promising to change his insensitive, selfish and greedy ways and to love and respect Christmas the way it should - "I will honour Christmas with all his heart" he pleads and pleads for change. The Spirit collapses and disappears and he suddenly finds himself safely tucked in his bed. Overwhelmed with joy by the chance to redeem himself and grateful that he has been returned to Christmas Day, Scrooge rushes out onto the street hoping to share his newfound Christmas spirit. He sends a giant Christmas turkey to the Cratchit house and attends Fred's party, to the surprise of the other guests. As the years go by, he holds true to his promise and honors Christmas with all his heart: he treats Tiny Tim as if he were his own child, provides lavish gifts for the poor, and treats his fellow human beings with kindness, generosity, and warmth. The story ends happily as Tiny Tim observes "God bless Us, Every One!" The end ties up 'A Christmas Carol' by showing Scrooge correcting everything he did wrong at the start of the book. He gives lots of money to the portly gentleman, helps the Cratchits, talks and respects Fred again, and also is nice to everyone else in the city. The Spirits have changed Scrooge to be a happy, charitable, and kind man. The important message Dickens conveys is that if this old, mean, miser can change then anyone can. We should all respect one another and this is still relevant today. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE A Christmas Carol section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE A Christmas Carol essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    English Lit How Does Charles Dickens Use Imagery and Language to Present the Character ...

    4 star(s)

    The use of such language creates the effect on the reader that an omniscient narrator is looking for; using similes describes the personality of a person in more depth. Dickens uses another simile, when he describes Scrooge as being as; 'solitary as an oyster', this implies that Scrooge is compared

  2. How Does Dickens Portray Poverty In A Christmas Carol.

    He always did! ''This shows that the person is dead and they have stolen from them. This person is Scrooge, but little does Scrooge know it. The ghost then takes Scrooge to the Cratchits house Scrooge is happy to see the house, but his happiness dithers when he sees inside.

  1. Describe Scrooge's character in stave 1 of "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens. How ...

    Although Dickens firmly establishes Scrooge's character in stave one of the novel "A Christmas Carol", the rest of the novel shows us how Scrooge changes for the better. The two incidents that I have chosen to show these changes are in stave two when Scrooge says to the first spirit

  2. How does Stave 3 of A Christmas Carol illustrate Dickens concerns about social issues?

    Tiny Tim will survive, the ghost quotes Scrooges words 'If he be like to die, he had better do it, and decrease the surplus population' Scrooge then realises how horrid he had been in the past about cripples and other less fortunate people than himself so he was overcome with

  1. How does Dickens use atmosphere and suspense to convey his moral message in 'A ...

    Suppose we make up a party and volunteer.' `I don't mind going if a lunch is provided,' observed the gentleman with the excrescence on his nose. `But I must be fed, if I make one.'" The man's attitude here is that he does not take Scrooge's death seriously and is

  2. The Three Spirits in A Christmas Carol present the reader with a great variety ...

    At a later Christmas, Scrooge visits himself and his old sweetheart Belle, and watches in horror and sadness as he sees himself break off their engagement. Scrooge is also shown happy times, as he sees himself apprenticed to the kind and merry merchant Fezzywig.The Ghost of the Christmas Past shows

  1. Dickens’ A Christmas Carol and Priestley’s An Inspector Calls have strong messages for the ...

    self," to tell us that he has changed from former self as he was much happier then. He says that Fezziwig has the "power to render us unhappy or happy" and that "The happiness he gives, is quite as great as if it cost a fortune."

  2. An essay on A Christmas Carol. I will discuss how Dickens uses different language ...

    The Spirits of all Three shall strive within me. I will not shut out the lessons that they teach. Oh, tell me I may sponge away the writing on this stone!? This is very significant as it sums up what the spirits have taught Scrooge and show that he has taken it all in.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work