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Discuss the Premise that it is Solely Macbeth's Fault that he falls.

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Discuss the Premise that it is Solely Macbeth's Fault that he falls At the beginning of the play Macbeth is admired by everyone for his courage, and even is king honours his loyalty. By the time he meets his death he has become a murderous tyrant, hated and feared by everyone. What causes this change? Is it his fault alone, or are there other factors involved? In this essay I shall examine the role played by Duncan and his sons, the English, Macduff, Banquo, the witches and Lady Macbeth and try to assess how far they too caused Macbeth's fall. The first being Duncan's personality, there is no doubt that he was a trusting man. At the beginning of the play he says of the dead Thane of Cawdor, "...There is no art to find the mind's construction in the face. He was a gentleman whom I built an absolute trust..." and he goes on, mistakenly to put exactly the same trust in Macbeth, by inviting himself to stay at Macbeth's house. If he had not done this, Macbeth would have found it much more difficult to murder him. Another factor that helped Macbeth to become king was the behaviour of Duncan's sons Malcolm and Donaldbain. If hey had not been scared and run away immediately after the murder, "...the nea'er in blood, the nearer bloody...", it is hard to see how Macbeth could have become king so easily. ...read more.


She stings him into action in the first place "...that I may pour my spirits in thine ear...", and in the scene immediately before the murder when Macbeth decides that after all he won't do it, she is the one who pushes him onwards. She has a very shrewd understanding of his character "...thou wouldst be great; Art not without ambition; but without the illness should attend it...wouldst not play false, and yet wouldst wrongly win..." and knows where to strike. She attacks first his courage "...Art thou afeard to be the same in thine own act and valour, As thou art in desire? Wouldst thou...live a coward in thine own esteem?" and secondly his manhood "...When you durst do it, then you were a man...". Lady Macbeth's influence extends to the period immediately after the crime, when Macbeth is close to breakdown. He goes to pieces and it is only her intervention that puts him in a frame of mind where he is able to carry out the rest of his plan. Just after the murder he talks wildly about his "...hangman's hands..." and about how he could not say "...Amen..." when the grooms said "...God bless us!" and speaks of a voice he heard saying "...Macbeth hath murder'd sleep...". He also has not had the presence of mind to leave the daggers with the murdered grooms so that suspicion will fall on them. ...read more.


Duncan is in his grave. After life's fitful fever, he sleeps well...nothing can touch him further...". Macbeth is doomed from the beginning. The language indicates this. For example, one of the themes of Macbeth's tyranny is "...fair is foul and foul is fair...". The witches in the first scene utter this. Then Macbeth's first words are, "...So foul and fair a day I have not seen...". This immediately associates Macbeth with the witches and the audience would have noticed this too. This again supports the statement that Macbeth is the creation of a writer, who makes him fall and gives signs of his fall to come. The point of this play is to entertain and also to teach the audience a lesson, don't be over-ambitious. It can be argued that the evil fate of Macbeth was pre arranged by the supernatural, however people can also be accountable for their own actions. It all comes down to the question, do you believe in fate? So to conclude this essay, Macbeth can be seen as a car which needs an ignition. The witches and Lady Macbeth are his ignition and once they've got him going, there's no stopping him, and eventually Lady Macbeth gets left behind and the car runs out of fuel. Varun Sivabalan Page 1 ...read more.

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