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English/English Literature Coursework Joint Folder

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English/English Literature Coursework Joint Folder Wide Reading Assignment: 19th Century Prose: "Hard Times" (Charles Dickens) 20th Century Prose: "Nice work" (David Lodge) Compare and Contrast Dickens's picture of Coketown with Lodge's introduction to the industrial environment in his novel. ----"Fact, fact, fact, everywhere in the material aspect of the town; fact, fact, fact everywhere in the immaterial." - Charles Dickens In the early 1851, London staged the Great Exhibition to show the world, the achievements and inventions of the Industrial Revolution. Many people believed that this showed how much better, safer and healthier Britain was than its neighbours in Europe. People living in mansions amid lawns and fountains, with horse drawn carriages certainly felt that life couldn't be better. However behind the publicity and the royal occasions there was another England, not so glorious. Benjamin Disraeli wrote that Britain was really "two nations", Dickens wanted to show his readers what was behind the glittering fa�ade of Victorian industry. He wanted to show his readers the factual monotony behind the sulky blotch towns of industrial Britain. As the essay title suggests, both Lodge and Dickens have portrayed their format of an industrial landscape. Both authors' coddle in a crestfallen environment of the industrial world: one at the height of a revolution, the other at the height of a decline. Dickens is keen to depict his Victorian contemporary world of Coketown in an essentially satirical context. ...read more.


Lodge speaking in a different time period laments on behalf of Vic for the 1980's rapid deindustrialisation. Vic is a man of balanced and moderate opinion. He is a manger by instinct and by experience, as we are told he "supervised a shutdown himself in his time". He does not think so much about politics, but he does dislike the thought of a closed factory. Vic is willing to say that the reason for such an industrial decline was because of the "Tory Government, which allowed the pound to rise on the back of the North Sea Oil." The narrator candidly indicates that Vic is less inclined also to admit, "British industry was defenceless in the face of foreign competition". It is certain that language techniques have been used intentionally in both passages. In Hard Times it has been used to clarify what Dickens is attacking whereas in Nice Work there seems to be no target as such and therefore the purpose of the language methodology seems to be more complex. I will consider techniques from larger features such as descriptive language: (Simile & Metaphor) to more refine enhances such as Structure and Length of sentences, which are used in both cases to resonate the author's purposes. An example of the imagery used would be the language concerning the description of the "interminable serpents of smoke" which "trailed themselves for ever and ever, and never got uncoiled". ...read more.


Conclusively it is clear that both authors have used a wide selection of differing techniques in larger aspects such as tone and style to finer enhances such as employment of language techniques. Each has been used specifically to echo the author's intention of creating an industrial atmosphere. Though both writers are aiming to illustrate the same topic of environment there are far more contrasts in both intention and the direction of the text. Dickens makes a clear satirical attack on the ethics of capitalism. In his account he makes evident use of many language techniques from imagery to sentence structure mainly illustrating the interminable monotony of the people and actions of Coketown. Lodge in comparison gives a much gentler account and seems to hold no target. In his account he mainly adopts an educational style prose to mirror the thoughts of his subject Vic Wilcox whilst also using a slightly more creative passage towards the end of the description to reveal political opinion and sentiment. Overall it is credible to say that the sources examined are quite detached in similarity. This maybe due to the large disparity of time between time periods. In view of success I think though Lodge's modern style of writing should be recognized as playing games with the reader, I judge that the tone is overtly mundane and dreary. It is impossible to give a comprehensive argument on Lodge's point of view due to his modern isolated style from the writing. Dickens is appealingly aggressive, motivating and quite favourably figurative. He leaves his readers without a shadow of a doubt of whom he is attacking. ...read more.

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