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GCSE: RC Sheriff
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There are several different interweaving plotlines that make up the story of Journey's end, and the relationship between Raleigh and Stanhope is one of the most obvious and easy to follow in R.C Sheriff's Journey's End.
Raleigh: I never thought it was like that. Osborne: You thought it was fighting all the time? Raleigh: Well, yes, in a way. It is interesting to contrast this with the way that Stanhope feels. Stanhope: ...if I went up those steps into the front line - without being doped with whiskey - I'd go mad with fright. Raleigh is new to the line - he hasn't seen his friends killed yet. When he does, he naturally finds the experience traumatic. Raleigh: Good God! Don't you understand? How can I sit down and eat that - when - when Osborne's - lying - out there - Raleigh is new from school, just as Stanhope was when he first came into the line.
- Word count: 1180
The play opens with a conversation between Hardy and Osborne, in which they seek to block out the atrocities occurring all around them by concentrating on seemingly mundane, irrelevant things, such as earwig racing. The extraordinary type of morbid humour which situations such as the First World War seem to provoke shows through whilst they are discussing the relatively serious matter of the bombing which they are under. OSBORNE: Do much damage? HARDY: Awful. A dug-out got blown up and came down in the men's tea.
- Word count: 1765
After a lot of research I decided to go cruising around the Mediterranean Sea near to Sicily. I chose this location as I thought that as the area was not too big so I would be able to visit all of the different places, thereby getting a true feel of the area. Also another reason why I chose this place was that I had never been there before in my life and I had decided that one of my goals in life was to get around the world and experience as many things as possible. Now I had to gain a bit of extra knowledge, so I decided to enrol myself in classes on offshore boat handling so that I had a better margin of safety, as I was travelling on my own.
- Word count: 1060
We know this when he is angry about the way Hardy left the trenches. Everybody respects Stanhope and he takes his fair share of work, he proves this when he says, " Hibbert can do from 2 till 4 and I'll go on from then till stand -to that'll be at 6". Stanhope is unselfish, thinks of others before himself and cares for Osborne. He proves this when he lets Osborne have the best bed and Stanhope has one next to the table. Stanhope sometimes challenges the colonel when Stanhope disagrees with the raid tactics.
- Word count: 1283
He has good humour which explains his view on the war, which is very unlike the other officers who treat it much more seriously than he does who sees it all as one big joke. When he speaks he does not use the correct terminology in a lot of cases even though he knows exactly what they are called, "those horrid little things like pineapples". Hardy has another very vital and excellent quality, which adds to his definition of being a good officer.
- Word count: 1998
Explain how much of the emotion in the play comes from the relationship between Raleigh and Stanhope, both of whom have the sympathy of the audience. What makes the barrier between them so poignant and how is it removed at the end?
He expresses his enthusiasm towards Stanhope when he says: 'I'm awfully glad I got to your company, Stanhope.' Stanhope on the other hand is not as enthusiastic towards the war. He has spent three years fighting, and seen many of his men die. He finds that the only way to cope is by drinking whisky. He is not the only other person who has been affected by the war; Sherriff puts this point across by showing what the war has done to the other officers. Osborne blocks out the horrors of the war by reading 'Alice in Wonderland', a children's story which just keeps him occupied instead of letting him think about the war.
- Word count: 1523
Today we will be looking at an example to all our people" Imran: " For cutting his beard off! He shall pay the price of our laws" Amjad: "1,2 and 3 !" Imran: " Hang the outsider" The executed is finally executed at the hands of Ibrahim. Rachel: "No no no why? why? He didn't do anything" Amjad: "You question our law? 20 lashes for her" Ibrahim leads Rachel off the stage. Amjad: "We have to get out of here or next time it'll be our necks" Imran: "yeah that's right" Amjad and Imran walk off the stage then the executed 'Ali' follows stage is cleared of another scene.
- Word count: 1221
He swishes the baked beans around the tin, while humming a song. Rick: Ooh eeh, Oooh ah ah, ting tang walla walla bing bang ..... I told the witch doctor .... doo dee doo doo doo. All of a sudden we see a person climbing down the "supposed" crevice. Rick grabs his rifle and points it towards the person. The light illuminates the person's face and we see that it is Mark Osborne, a short tubby guy with pale skin.
- Word count: 1137
This faithfulness makes him very pleasing, as it shows his friends that he will not betray them. Osborne would even ?go to hell with him? because of how much he means to him. The noun ?hell? shows how devoted he is to Stanhope and he would even go to a place where he would be eternally tortured just for him. In addition, Sherriff uses a short sentence ?go to hell? to show Osborne?s fierce tone used when he announces this. Osborne also goes on a raid, where he could potentially die, just to prove his loyalty. He knows that ?the raid is going to be tough? but for his company he would do anything.
- Word count: 1537
Discuss how R.C.Sherriff manages to describe the horrific effects of war on different soldiers like Stanhope, Raleigh and Hibbert.
Stanhope admitted to Raleigh and clearly shouted at him that they're no longer at school. Then Stanhope took Raleigh's letter for his hands, Stanhope says" Don't "Dennis" me! Stanhope's my name! You're not at school! Go and inspect your rifles!" Stanhope clearly stated that their relationship is different. Sherriff also used the exclamation mark to show that Stanhope is shouting furiously and frustrated from Raleigh's attitude. This quote also shows Stanhope's anger and how drinking problems affected him. The word "Don?t Dennis" has an alliteration of the word "D", this letter has a strong tone and expresses Stanhope's anger effectively.
- Word count: 1150
How does Sherriff introduce the characters of Raleigh, Stanhope and Osborne in Act I of Journeys End?
makes him worth a dozen people like me? but we learn from Hardy that he ?drank a whole bottle in one hour fourteen minutes?. This increases the tension and suspense of Stanhope before he is introduced personally to the audience. Stanhope?s character is developed further in the conversation between Osborne and Raleigh. More information about the character of Stanhope is displayed here ? we learn from Raleigh that Stanhope was the captain of Rugby which suggests good leadership skills which is why he is hailed by his men as the ?best company commander?.
- Word count: 1749
We first meet Hibbert towards the end of Act One. The stage directions describe him as ?small, slightly built, in his early twenties?, reinforcing his youth and far from heroic stature. He refuses supper, complaining of ?beastly neuralgia? and apologises for continuing to talk about it. Neuralgia is pain associated with damage to the nerves and it seems credible that he is genuinely suffering. At this point I felt justified in giving Hibbert the benefit of the doubt. Osborne too seems to share this view when he says ?I wonder if he really is bad.
- Word count: 1303
Explore the ways in which Sherriff makes this such a dramatic opening and introduces some of the main issues of the play.
This often resulted in amputation through the skin rotting away. Sherriff also hints at the risk of being bitten by rats in the trenches within this scene as we are told that Hardy?s ?right foot, which is naked, is held above the damp floor?. Sherriff?s use of irony in Hardy?s advice to Osborne not to add too much water to his whisky is telling. The overpowering taste of the disinfectant used to kill the microbes in the drinking water indicates that life in the trenches is rather unsavoury.
- Word count: 1053
At first impression we know that Stanhoe copes with the war mainly by drinking. ?Because he?s stuck it till his nerves have got battered to bits he?s called a drunkard?. This indicates that Stanhope is an alcoholic. An alcoholic is someone that is addicted to alcohol and cannot control the amount they take. The only way he copes with the war and his troubles are by drinking loads of alcohol. ?Drinking like a fish as usual??. This simile shows that Stanhope drinks to excess, and we can infer from Osborne?s comments that he does so.
- Word count: 1109
A cruel bully A fine leader of men Which do you think is the more accurate description of Stanhope? Support your ideas with details from Sherriffs writing.
It is his responsibility to keep the optimism and spirits high in the battalion during the trials and tribulations of war, and there are often points in the play where this is represented, such as when Stanhope continues with the celebration after the raid regardless of the death of Osborne to keep the battalion united. This suggests that Stanhope is a fine leader as it shows he puts in all the effort he can to keep the battalion together, even with small things such as keeping the men happy and keeping their moral fiber in tact.
- Word count: 1082