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GCSE: RC Sheriff
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Consider the playwright’s stagecraft- what would make “Journey’s End” entertaining for an audience.
This would lead to problems for the producers as the total number of tickets sold would be low. Theatre managers were also worried about the audiences' interests. Not many people would be interested in a war play as many people consider war stories to be dull and boring. Many people might find it distressing to think about the memories of war and the havoc it caused. The play also has only one scene; a small, dark, depressing dugout which wouldn't sound too appealing to the audience. If the audiences wished to view a war story they could be expected lots of fighting and warfare but the action takes place purely in the rat-infested trench.
- Word count: 2174
Choose two contrasting scenes from, ‘Journeys End’, which you feel effectively present the themes of guilt and remorse. Analyze their effectiveness as drama.
These two scenes show the extreme pressures men are put under in the course of war. Stanhoppe drinks in order to just manage his day to day existence. Raleighs presence reminds him of the life he once had, his guilt at his drinking and his fear that Raleigh will lose respect for him, not to mention his fear of Raleigh reporting home to his sister about the terrible state that he is in. Raleigh on the other hand is young and na�ve ; he does not fully understand standhopes behavior and is somewhat oblivious to his surroundings.
- Word count: 868
The sea breezes are quite revitalizing at this time of year, although the shrill shrieking of frolicking toddlers somewhat corrupted the idyllic atmosphere. I enjoyed a hearty (and delectable) evening meal, a good 'catch-up' with the family, and a tad too much alcohol, said our goodbyes, and hailed a taxi to return us to our luxurious, yet temporary new domicile. I slept like a lethargic Viking that night, and awoke the following morning with a slight headache, yet still eager to experience the hustle and bustle of this family-oriented seaside settlement.
- Word count: 694
Stanhope often asks Osborne for help and advice, such as when he asks him to censor Raleigh's letter. In fact, Osborne could be construed as a father figure to the young Stanhope. This is demonstrated when he has to 'tuck Stanhope in to bed' after a drinking session. Next is Raleigh. Right from Raleigh's arrival, Osborne tries very hard to make Raleigh feel welcome and to alleviate any fears he might have by taking his mind off the war; 'Let's talk about pigs. Black pigs or white pigs?' With the rest of the officers, his empathic nature really shows through, in that he treats each one differently but equally.
- Word count: 629
He has good humour which explains his view on the war, which is very unlike the other officers who treat it much more seriously than he does who sees it all as one big joke. When he speaks he does not use the correct terminology in a lot of cases even though he knows exactly what they are called, "those horrid little things like pineapples". Hardy has another very vital and excellent quality, which adds to his definition of being a good officer.
- Word count: 1998
Explain how much of the emotion in the play comes from the relationship between Raleigh and Stanhope, both of whom have the sympathy of the audience. What makes the barrier between them so poignant and how is it removed at the end?
He expresses his enthusiasm towards Stanhope when he says: 'I'm awfully glad I got to your company, Stanhope.' Stanhope on the other hand is not as enthusiastic towards the war. He has spent three years fighting, and seen many of his men die. He finds that the only way to cope is by drinking whisky. He is not the only other person who has been affected by the war; Sherriff puts this point across by showing what the war has done to the other officers. Osborne blocks out the horrors of the war by reading 'Alice in Wonderland', a children's story which just keeps him occupied instead of letting him think about the war.
- Word count: 1523
During the point where Osborne and Hardy are talking to each other Hardy makes about three main points. The first is where he says "Don't have too much water, it's rather strong today". This shows that the water that they are drinking is treated which doesn't taste very nice. The second point that he makes is that he is glad that Osborne has come because Hardy has had enough. Osborne thinks that the area where he was was not as bad but Hardy tells him the truth that it was very dangerous which Osborne would probably worry about.
- Word count: 3500
That is why I believe we always anthropomorphise. I also think that we are unconscious of our anthropomorphising because it is so built into our way of thinking and is inherently part of us. In George Lakoff's and Mark Johnson's book Metaphors We Live By, they reveal several metaphors that we unconsciously follow and "live by." They identify a source domain which would be a physical characteristic and then a target domain which would be the emotional and abstract meaning. For instance, a source domain would be a journey and a target domain for it would be life.
- Word count: 626
Today we will be looking at an example to all our people" Imran: " For cutting his beard off! He shall pay the price of our laws" Amjad: "1,2 and 3 !" Imran: " Hang the outsider" The executed is finally executed at the hands of Ibrahim. Rachel: "No no no why? why? He didn't do anything" Amjad: "You question our law? 20 lashes for her" Ibrahim leads Rachel off the stage. Amjad: "We have to get out of here or next time it'll be our necks" Imran: "yeah that's right" Amjad and Imran walk off the stage then the executed 'Ali' follows stage is cleared of another scene.
- Word count: 1221
He swishes the baked beans around the tin, while humming a song. Rick: Ooh eeh, Oooh ah ah, ting tang walla walla bing bang ..... I told the witch doctor .... doo dee doo doo doo. All of a sudden we see a person climbing down the "supposed" crevice. Rick grabs his rifle and points it towards the person. The light illuminates the person's face and we see that it is Mark Osborne, a short tubby guy with pale skin.
- Word count: 1137
On April the 9th this stranger decided to go for a drink, he rode the stolen horse right up to the side of the saloon, jumped off and slowly walked in. He walked up to the bar sat down and shouted "service! Service." The bar tender strolled up to this man and replied. "Yes, sir and how can we help you today?" "Get me a beer," the stranger replied in a disgruntled manner. The sheriff and his deputy walked in at this point, they walked either side of this half drunk stranger, each putting their hands on each of his
- Word count: 2200
She's youngest." "Where are we on the map now?" "I WANT IT NOW!" "I don't know, look for yourself. Now give Hattie the game boy Rob." "Can't you all just be quiet? I'm trying to read." "Don't you speak to me like that young lady!" That was the reaction I got from both of my parents as I asked them to keep the noise down. We hadn't moved from this spot for 2 hours. And it was Rob's turn on the Game Boy. And Hattie only wanted to play it to get on Rob's nerves. I could have told them that, but I would have just gotten the same unreasonable reaction, that because I was 15, I didn't have a clue.
- Word count: 935
I can be said that the main purpose for their argument is to display the opinions of Stanhope before he enters the stage, but even the way that Sherriff structures Osborne's argument is to guarantee that the audience will favour him. His comments are articulate and are non-offensive, just defensive. This is to make sure that he is always the caring defender and not the spiteful attacker. Although Osborne and Hardy are seen arguing, their encounter begins and ends with light discussion and humour.
- Word count: 828
She was telling us that by going against what they had said and actually going on the expedition that she wasn't scared, and proving to them that she could do it! This gives us the impression that she is both very brave and very determined to succeed against all odds. She then gives us some background information on the place which she has traveled to, so that we can get a real feel of what it was like in detail.
- Word count: 782
Journey's End - Explore the ways in which Sherriff makes this such a dramatic and revealing moment in the play.
This bitter verb creates tension and shows the audience Stanhope?s hatred for Hibbert. in addition, it is used to build up to the later event where Hibbert attempts to leave. Sheriff further illustrates Stanhope?s despise through ?worm? as it is demeaning and belittling, thus creating a negative image of Hibbert for the audience. Sheriff uses this moment?s tension to create drama and gain the audience?s attention. Additionally, Sherriff?s short questions create a revealing moment. Stanhope ?look[s] hard? and asks ?Well, Hibbert??.
- Word count: 535
This faithfulness makes him very pleasing, as it shows his friends that he will not betray them. Osborne would even ?go to hell with him? because of how much he means to him. The noun ?hell? shows how devoted he is to Stanhope and he would even go to a place where he would be eternally tortured just for him. In addition, Sherriff uses a short sentence ?go to hell? to show Osborne?s fierce tone used when he announces this. Osborne also goes on a raid, where he could potentially die, just to prove his loyalty. He knows that ?the raid is going to be tough? but for his company he would do anything.
- Word count: 1537
Discuss how R.C.Sherriff manages to describe the horrific effects of war on different soldiers like Stanhope, Raleigh and Hibbert.
Stanhope admitted to Raleigh and clearly shouted at him that they're no longer at school. Then Stanhope took Raleigh's letter for his hands, Stanhope says" Don't "Dennis" me! Stanhope's my name! You're not at school! Go and inspect your rifles!" Stanhope clearly stated that their relationship is different. Sherriff also used the exclamation mark to show that Stanhope is shouting furiously and frustrated from Raleigh's attitude. This quote also shows Stanhope's anger and how drinking problems affected him. The word "Don?t Dennis" has an alliteration of the word "D", this letter has a strong tone and expresses Stanhope's anger effectively.
- Word count: 1150
How does Sherriff introduce the characters of Raleigh, Stanhope and Osborne in Act I of Journeys End?
makes him worth a dozen people like me? but we learn from Hardy that he ?drank a whole bottle in one hour fourteen minutes?. This increases the tension and suspense of Stanhope before he is introduced personally to the audience. Stanhope?s character is developed further in the conversation between Osborne and Raleigh. More information about the character of Stanhope is displayed here ? we learn from Raleigh that Stanhope was the captain of Rugby which suggests good leadership skills which is why he is hailed by his men as the ?best company commander?.
- Word count: 1749
We first meet Hibbert towards the end of Act One. The stage directions describe him as ?small, slightly built, in his early twenties?, reinforcing his youth and far from heroic stature. He refuses supper, complaining of ?beastly neuralgia? and apologises for continuing to talk about it. Neuralgia is pain associated with damage to the nerves and it seems credible that he is genuinely suffering. At this point I felt justified in giving Hibbert the benefit of the doubt. Osborne too seems to share this view when he says ?I wonder if he really is bad.
- Word count: 1303
Explore the ways in which Sherriff makes this such a dramatic opening and introduces some of the main issues of the play.
This often resulted in amputation through the skin rotting away. Sherriff also hints at the risk of being bitten by rats in the trenches within this scene as we are told that Hardy?s ?right foot, which is naked, is held above the damp floor?. Sherriff?s use of irony in Hardy?s advice to Osborne not to add too much water to his whisky is telling. The overpowering taste of the disinfectant used to kill the microbes in the drinking water indicates that life in the trenches is rather unsavoury.
- Word count: 1053
As Stanhope was a senior at Raleigh?s school it is reasonable for Raleigh to hero-worship Stanhope since Stanhope did look out for him as their fathers were friends and spent their holidays together. This justifies Stanhope?s relationship with Raleigh as he might feel responsible for Raleigh during the war too, making him more hostile and paranoid. When Raleigh first came he told Osborne of his relationship with Stanhope ?in the holidays we were terrific pals? showing that both were very close and they had a very good friendship.
- Word count: 811
He also to a certain extent says that Stanhope is invincible and untouchable being a commanding officer, A second way is the way that Osborne shows a family relationship in Act One and that he gets on well with the men in the company. This can be seen clearly by the fact that he is called ?Uncle? by other men. This is very informal and shows that he is seen as the older and more experienced one in the company.
- Word count: 699
At first impression we know that Stanhoe copes with the war mainly by drinking. ?Because he?s stuck it till his nerves have got battered to bits he?s called a drunkard?. This indicates that Stanhope is an alcoholic. An alcoholic is someone that is addicted to alcohol and cannot control the amount they take. The only way he copes with the war and his troubles are by drinking loads of alcohol. ?Drinking like a fish as usual??. This simile shows that Stanhope drinks to excess, and we can infer from Osborne?s comments that he does so.
- Word count: 1109
A cruel bully A fine leader of men Which do you think is the more accurate description of Stanhope? Support your ideas with details from Sherriffs writing.
It is his responsibility to keep the optimism and spirits high in the battalion during the trials and tribulations of war, and there are often points in the play where this is represented, such as when Stanhope continues with the celebration after the raid regardless of the death of Osborne to keep the battalion united. This suggests that Stanhope is a fine leader as it shows he puts in all the effort he can to keep the battalion together, even with small things such as keeping the men happy and keeping their moral fiber in tact.
- Word count: 1082