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GCSE: RC Sheriff
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How does R.C Sherriff use dramatic devices to effectively recreate the horror and reality of the war upon the stage?
Unable to realistically create such horrors, R.C Sherriff has relied on alternative techniques and methods which focus on the mental torture and suffering of the men through techniques including were mainly, the lighting in the stage, the way the characters act in certain circumstances and how other characters attitude are towards them. In this assignment I have considered scene 3 in act 3 which ranges from page 92 to page 103. The particular reason for my choice is that this is in my opinion the most emotional scene in the play as it also includes the event where Raleigh dies after having an immensely deep conversation with Stanhope.
- Word count: 2330
Who and where are his ogres? Those are the reflections of the unsolved enigmas of his own humanity. What are his ideals? Those are the symptoms of his grasp of life." -- (Campbell, 121) Campbell's description of the journey or adventure of the hero strays from the generalized idea of a strong man fighting a dragon and saving a princess. Campbell says that the term hero exists in a very broad and general world, and it simply takes courage and intellect to discover one's own boundaries in this world.
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He gets on extremely well with Stanhope as shown here but Osborne also gets on well with the other men and this is made evident by the fact the other officers call him "Uncle" which is very informal and shows that he is seen as the older more experienced one of the company who people can look up to and respect. Osborne also has a very good sense of humour and this is shown throughout the play with phrases such as "I'd rather have the microbes, wouldn't you?"
- Word count: 1819
Their dreams of fortune and prosperity are reduced to the simple desire to stay a family. California promised to be the land of milk and honey but unfortunately turns to sour grapes. In the same way, the hopes and dreams of a generation turned to wrath and resentment. Steinbeck affords an open ground of this catastrophe for public examination by use of language and structure. The novel is harshly realistic. With the Joads as they travel, we meet the dark underside of capitalism with its forsaken poverty, its inhuman greed and the dehumanization of the individual, and sense a compromised trust between government and people.
- Word count: 486
How does Sherriff involve the audience in his play 'Journey's end'? Comment on the dramatic effectiveness of setting, characters and plot.
The whole of the play was performed using only one stage set, the trench, which gives the audience a slight insight into how claustrophobic and prison like-conditions. Also the darkness of the dugout creates stress for the men, it makes it feel more tense and claustrophobic, the audience will be intrigued to see how the characters will survive under such harsh conditions. The whole play takes place between Monday night and Thursday dawn in March 1918, this creates tension because the play takes place over only a few short days.
- Word count: 2796
Even political extremist Che Guevara wrote a travel book entitled The Motorcycle Dairies: A Journey Around South America The bulk of travel writers that I have read seem to be using their experiences in life to describe their feelings when travelling. You could say that travel writing is perhaps one of the major users of the signifiers and the signified, which are more commonly seen in poetry. We have to ask ourselves what travel writing actually is; I feel that it could be best described as the use of the writer's personal experiences, other anecdotes and quotations that add life to the piece.
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Journey's End was different, and therefore theatre managers didn't want to risk showing it, in case it was a failure. Many people thought R.C.Sherrif had written the play for political purposes, or to mock the government e.g. the way the raid was handled by the commanding officers. But it was written to give a tangible account of what the war was like, not from the ordinary soldiers point of view, but from the officers' point of view. The Minor Journeys Hibbert's journey is a rather dramatic one. It starts at the beginning of the play, with him complaining of neuralgia.
- Word count: 2352
What happens in Act 2 when Raleigh enters the dug-out with a letter for home and meets Osborne and Stanhope, all the way to the end of the scene when Osborne offers to 'stick (the letter flap) down'.
Stanhope gives me the impression of quiet threat. It also shows that he is sensitive and he is insensitive to the feelings of others. Raleigh is surprised, stammers that he has not revealed military secrets or confidential stuff. Stanhope states that 'letters must be read'. To that, Raleigh 'nervously' replies that he had not realised that, and decides that he will keep it, and not send it. Here, Stanhope is featured as one who is quietly authoritative and insistent. He is rather cold at this point in time.
- Word count: 1268
Characters Stanhope is the commanding officer and has been at the front line for three years. He is regarded as one of the best Captains in the Army, but is physically and mentally exhausted. OSBORNE ...."he's commanded this company for a year - in and out of the front line. He's never had a rest." Osborne is a chatty ex-school master and is regarded by everyone as uncle. He respects Stanhope and is very loyal to him. OSBORNE ...."Don't be an ass.
- Word count: 1377
To try and make Stanhope feel better Osborne says to Stanhope that it is just a bit of nerve strain at the moment and also Osborne try's to comfort Stanhope by saying that when people are actually going potty they don't talk about it, but Osborne is wrong because when people are going potty they sometimes do talk about it. The second aspect of Stanhope's character comes when Raleigh wants to send a letter home to his family but Stanhope won't let him send it directly.
- Word count: 719
Friday The 13th Part 6 Jason Lives This film was made in1986 and is the longest of the Friday the 13th series. By now the Friday the 13th series had stormed across America and was hitting the United Kingdom by storm. The producer of this film was Don Behrns and Tom McLoughlin who again written and directed the film. The main character in this film is Thom Matthew's (Tommy), Tommy has been around for the last two sequels, and just as he thought Jason was dead he is now back from the grave and Tommy has to deal with him one more time.
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Journey's End - In this essay I will be looking at the character Stanhope and how I think he should be played in 3 key scenes. When he try's to get the letter off Raleigh.
line takes him by surprise this is were we the first real change in how Stanhope is for scene he loose his hard edge as a strong out going man and is lost for words when he is standing face to face with him. I think the actor at this point should play the part softer and give a clear expression on his face of surprise and shock. To put over the fact that he is lost for words I think there should be noticeable pauses before each line is spoken.
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In contrast to this there are two characters in the play that are nothing but cheery all the way through, despite the imminent big attack and the whole depressing status of living in the trenches. These are Private Mason and Trotter. They are both from a working class background, as is made apparent in their speech, and they both display the cheerful, cheeky "cockney sparrow" type of stereotype that many people pictured during the war. This is a sharp contrast to Hibbert and even Stanhope who are both from upper class backgrounds and who struggle to handle the pressures of the war.
- Word count: 963
There are several different interweaving plotlines that make up the story of Journey's end, and the relationship between Raleigh and Stanhope is one of the most obvious and easy to follow in R.C Sheriff's Journey's End.
Raleigh: I never thought it was like that. Osborne: You thought it was fighting all the time? Raleigh: Well, yes, in a way. It is interesting to contrast this with the way that Stanhope feels. Stanhope: ...if I went up those steps into the front line - without being doped with whiskey - I'd go mad with fright. Raleigh is new to the line - he hasn't seen his friends killed yet. When he does, he naturally finds the experience traumatic. Raleigh: Good God! Don't you understand? How can I sit down and eat that - when - when Osborne's - lying - out there - Raleigh is new from school, just as Stanhope was when he first came into the line.
- Word count: 1180
Sheriff uses this significantly to his advantage. Another dramatic device which is employed heavily throughout the play is contrast. Contrast between the dugout and the outside world, contrast between home and the trenches. These all add extra impact to the scenes for the audience and engage them through their emotions and reactions. Sheriff uses the weather to this effect. He repeatedly sets the scene with "A pale shaft of sunlight shines down the steps, but candles still burn in the dark corner where Osborne and Raleigh are at breakfast" or similar, emphasising the contrast between the damp dugout the and pleasant weather outside.
- Word count: 6448
People you loved, respected, admired would die. People dealt with stress in many ways like Stanhope's drinking clearly dramatises the stress of war. Stanhope would drink whisky to deal with stress, Hibbert claimed he had neuralgia in attempt to get sick leave to go home, Trotter carved circles to make the days faster. Unarguably, I would say the status of living in the trenches life was a complete misery and very depressing. In contrast to this there are two characters in the play that are nothing but cheery all the way through, despite the unexpected attack and the whole depressing status of living in the trenches.
- Word count: 713
In some ways escaping the years without summer in England, where the gray depthless sky is depressingly constant was illuminating in itself. The plan was too hire a car and drive to the Great Lakes where a college friend of my mother co-owned an island in the middle of Lake Huron. The prospect of spending one month on an Island thrilled me and the sense of impending adventure which approaches when about to embark on a journey and meet new people was bursting inside me like a small kid on Christmas Eve.
- Word count: 632
Bruce Feiler concludes his book by discussing the spiritual transformation that takes place in him during his journey through the five books of Moses.
404). This reference indicates that Feiler believes his journey is enough to change his perspective of the Bible. As Feiler reflects on his journey, he reveals the most striking thing that he has learned: "the Bible is not an abstraction in the Middle East, nor even just a book; it's a living, breathing entity, undiminished by the passage of time" (p. 408). What makes this book so enticing is that many people would risk their own life for it; or why would Feiler travel 10,000 miles just to experience its first five books; or why has Feiler's perspective changed on the importance of the Bible.
- Word count: 472
"Journey's End" by R.C. Sherriff - A dramatic analysis of Act three, Scene one, showing how R.C Sherriff brings the raid to life and conveys the horror of war, despite the limitations of the stage.
They hope to cross seventy yards of no-mans land, and go through the German's wire fences. Their object is to see where the German troops are and to capture a couple of young Germans if possible. This is a very dangerous thing to do and Stanhope is worried. He would have prepared it to take place earlier in the afternoon during daylight. Stanhope glances anxiously at his watch, nineteen minutes to go. He shouts for Mason who is his servant and therefore has a separate dugout.
- Word count: 2536
The play opens with a conversation between Hardy and Osborne, in which they seek to block out the atrocities occurring all around them by concentrating on seemingly mundane, irrelevant things, such as earwig racing. The extraordinary type of morbid humour which situations such as the First World War seem to provoke shows through whilst they are discussing the relatively serious matter of the bombing which they are under. OSBORNE: Do much damage? HARDY: Awful. A dug-out got blown up and came down in the men's tea.
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After a lot of research I decided to go cruising around the Mediterranean Sea near to Sicily. I chose this location as I thought that as the area was not too big so I would be able to visit all of the different places, thereby getting a true feel of the area. Also another reason why I chose this place was that I had never been there before in my life and I had decided that one of my goals in life was to get around the world and experience as many things as possible. Now I had to gain a bit of extra knowledge, so I decided to enrol myself in classes on offshore boat handling so that I had a better margin of safety, as I was travelling on my own.
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We know this when he is angry about the way Hardy left the trenches. Everybody respects Stanhope and he takes his fair share of work, he proves this when he says, " Hibbert can do from 2 till 4 and I'll go on from then till stand -to that'll be at 6". Stanhope is unselfish, thinks of others before himself and cares for Osborne. He proves this when he lets Osborne have the best bed and Stanhope has one next to the table. Stanhope sometimes challenges the colonel when Stanhope disagrees with the raid tactics.
- Word count: 1283
The play is based on the actual lives of the men in the dugout, how they feel, their relations, their relationships, who they get on with in the dugout and how they cope with the war outside. This gives the main structure for the play. A lot of detail is given about these things in the stage directions, and the characters talking about things like the sleeping conditions for example. We are told in the stage directions that there are two rooms for sleeping, the beds are made from wooden frames and wire netting, and that the soldiers sleep in
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Journey's End: R.C Sherriff uses the characters in his play Journey's End to create tension and drama.
Hardy and Osborne provide an insight into Stanhope's personality. They continually fight over Stanhope's condition and how it will affect his judgement in running the company, in other words Stanhope's drinking problem. "How is the dear old boy still drinking like a fish... It must be pretty rotten for you, being his second in command and you such a quiet old thing." Osborne then quickly jumps in and defends Stanhope " He's a long way the best company commander we've ever got." and eventually Hardy backs down "Oh, I know ; he's a splendid chap!"
- Word count: 3564
Comparison of Ballad of the Bread Man and Innocents Song by Charles Causley and Journey of the Magi by T. S. Eliot
It reminds me personally of the story where Jesus shares out a small amount of bread between 5000 people. The bread is a symbol of Jesus' kindness and generosity that was so cruelly ignored. Charles Causley changes a lot of the facts of the story, without changing the moral and message. He uses words such as "newspaper", "TV", "election" that were obviously not present at the time of the original story. When reading the Bible version it is sometimes hard to think it was not set in a different world to the one today.
- Word count: 3606