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Examine the changes Proctor and Hale go through as the play progresses and decide how you think Miller wants the audience to react to them at the end of the play

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Introduction

Examine the changes Proctor and Hale go through as the play progresses and decide how you think Miller wants the audience to react to them at the end of the play In this play I will be analysing the changes that Proctor and Reverend Hale go through. 'The Crucible' is a tragic play that reflects the 1692 Salem witchcraft trials which contemplates the key figures caught up in the persecution. It powerfully portrays people and principles under pressure. "The Crucible" is a cross between a parable and an allegory. Miller wrote the Crucible in 1953 during the McCarthy period when Americans were accusing each other of pro-communist beliefs. Many of Millers friends were being attacked as communists, and in 1956, Miller himself was brought before the house of Un-American Activities committee where he was found guilty of beliefs in communism. The play reflects on the events of the McCarthy era in USA of the 1950s whilst explaining the Salem witch trials, educating us about 'human society'. The play starts with a group of girls dancing in the forest; they are caught, and are accused of practising witchcraft. In order to save themselves they accuse other people for 'bewitching them' or for 'bidding them to do the devils work'. The main girl Abigail accuses many people as they are making it hard for her to lie. One of the few that gets accused is John Proctor's wife, Elizabeth. She accuses Elizabeth because she is in love with Proctor and cannot accept that he does not love her, but loves his 'sickly wife'. ...read more.

Middle

Abigail accused his wife of being a witch because of ''vengeance''. He thinks that this is a main factor of why the trials are being held and stays away from it. Proctor became more involved in the trials because his wife Elizabeth had become a main suspect and him attending court for this reason shows that he actually does care about what happens to his wife and what happens to her in the trials, this is proven by the fact that he attended court. Mary Warren was called to the courts to help with the trials, Proctor did not allow her to attend, he himself tried to avoid the court but when his wife was involved his love for her (as part of his change) made him attend to protect Elizabeth. In the beginning he had no intention to be involved in the trials but he was then a prime suspect. Overall Proctor changed from being inconsiderate to loyal, from secretive to confident. I think that his wife and the way he acted towards her mainly caused his development. The biggest change for Proctor was how confident he became, this lead to him being more involved in the court and being loyal, the main cause for the change of Proctor was Elizabeth. Her character is constant and hardly ever changes throughout the play. The only change is when she lied for Proctor. The couple became closer and affectionate to each other at the end of the play. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the Crucible there was an imbalance of state and religion. These two cannot be occupied in the same space and has to be balanced. He wanted us to realise that even now people are much like the people in the period of the witch trials and some things never change. He wants to educate us and tell us that, that is what us humans do, accuse others to save ourselves. This is related to the McCarthy era as Miller wanted us to realise that just as in the Salem witch trials, people were accusing each other of communism to save themselves so Miller wanted people to realise how they where acting. He showed us that accusing each other was just a reason to express long held hatreds that was never ending. He showed this through Proctors and Hales character as these were the two people who realised what was going on. Miller chose to do it in Hales character because it would make more of an impact to the audience as he believed in the system in the beginning and it made the audience think that the system must have been corrupt if Hale turned against it. In Proctors character however he is always against the system from the start. He puts a stop to it by dying because he does not the system to succeed. This makes the audience feel that sympathetic towards him showing them that all the accusing had to be ending. These two characters make it clear that this play is an allegory as each character represents everyone in society. ...read more.

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