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Great Expectations.

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Introduction

GREAT EXPECTATIONS The initial information that we derive from the opening paragraph is that, "Philip Pirrip" is known as "Pip". Both of Pip's parents have died, "his tombstone", which informs us that his father has died and the inscription on this "Also Georgina Wife of the Above". We immediately feel sympathy for Pip as he says "I never saw my father or my mother", not even in a photograph. He does have a very vivid imagination however and from the tombstone "the shape of the letters on my father's gave me an odd idea that he was a square, stout, dark man, with curly black hair". This shows, from the slightest thing Pip's imagination runs riot. Our hearts extend even more to the grief stricken Pip when we discover his five brothers are also dead, "Sacred to the memory of five little brothers of mine", we perceive him to be a helpless young boy. We soon discover that he lives with his sister, and her husband, who is a blacksmith, as he replies when asked "Who d'ye live with", "My sister, sir - Mrs Joe Gargery - wife of Joe Gargery, the blacksmith, sir." The question is asked by a "fearful man" Pip encounters in the graveyard whilst visiting the graves of his deceased family. Dickens presents this man in a very explicit manner, this is to contrast the two characters. "A fearful man, all in coarse grey, with a great iron on his leg. A man with no hat, and with broken shoes, and with an old rag tied round his head. A man who had been soaked in water, and smothered in mud, and lamed by stones, and cut by flints, and stung by nettles, and torn by briars; who limped, and shivered, and glared and growled; and whose teeth chattered in his head as he seized me by the chin." ...read more.

Middle

Pip is inpatient, he wants to become a gentlemen instantly, " I am disgusted with my calling." He is using much more refined language, to illustrate his future. Pip's wishes for the future are shown with: " Make the most of every chance," he wishes he could have just one chance to become a gentlemen. Pip is confused as to whether he wants to become a gentlemen to spite or to gain Estela over, " and I want to be a gentlemen on her account." Illustrating his state of confusion regarding his future. When Pip is informed about his ' great expectations', we see him as ecstatic, " my heart was beating so fast, and there was such a singing in my ears, that I could scarcely stammer I had no objection." Showing his distinct pleasure toward his goof fortune. We still see signs of Pip's vivid imagination as we noted, at the beginning ," I was lost in the mazes of my future fortunes, and could not retrace the bypaths we had trodden together." This shows Pip's confusion as to how his great fortunes came upon him. Pip takes note of the others reactions, " there was a certain touch of sadness in their congratulations, that I rather resented." Pip fails to empathise with their sadness, he takes it personally, this is a sign of his new found hierarchy. Pip still however considers Joe to be good natured, " O dear good Joe, whom I was so ready to leave and so unthankful to." Showing the change within him that, by saying this he considers himself more important than Joe. We feel the change in Pip has been represented as him becoming selfish, he now considers himself superior to everyone. " That's just what I don't want Joe. They would make such a business of it- such a coarse and common business, that I couldn't bear myself." ...read more.

Conclusion

Pip again worships Joe, "O, God bless him! O, God bless this gentle Christian man!" Showing his repentance. Pip changes his view of the word 'wealth.' "Wealth of his good nature," showing his new appreciation of wealth, he has realised that, wealth in money terms doesn't make a gentlemen, where as wealth in nature, and kindness does. Pip's change is shown with: "I went towards them slowly, for my limbs were weak, but with a sense of increasing relief as I drew nearer to them, and a sense of leaving arrogance and untruthfulness further and further behind." This shows he believes he's leaving his 'arrogance' and 'untruthfulness' behind him, these are the factors of a gentlemen he now perceives to be appalling. Pip's appreciation of Joe is exposed with, "my first thought was one of great thankfulness, that I had never breathed this last baffled hope to Joe." He's so happy he didn't destroy Joe. This is a change in his feelings for Joe. His further appreciation of Joe is shown within Pip's conversation with Biddy. "Dear Biddy, you have the best husband in the whole world, and if you could have seen him by my bed you would have-But no, you couldn't love him better than you do." This shows his sheer delight with both Joe and Biddy. He both recognises Joe and Biddy as good natured people, but also he recognises his mistakes. "You were both so good and true." "To grow up a much better man than I did." He identifies his life wasn't all good, and he acknowledges his mistakes. In conclusion, Pip has changed his depiction of the word, 'gentlemen.' He no longer sees it to revolve around education, wealth and social standing. Due to the positive effect that Joe has upheld within Pip, Pip appreciation of a 'gentlemen' is to be concerned with, faithfulness, generosity and goodness. Pip lost everything whilst in London, he now however has gained so much more, with respect and understanding, of not only himself but others also. ...read more.

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