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Great Expectations: Father figures, mentors and patrons

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Introduction

Great Expectations: Father figures, mentors and patrons Pip's quest for identity is until the return of Magwitch, based on false values. In this quest he is influenced by (for good or for ill) a number of figures whom he regards almost as surrogable parents. Write an essay, which closely considers the role of each the role of each of the following father figures, mentors and patrons, evaluating their influences on Pip in terms of the novels themes. Use detailed reference to the text and brief relevant quotations to illustrate your observations. Jaggers Wemmick Miss Havisham Abel Magwitch Joe Gargery Jaggers Jaggers is Pip's guardian, by the exiled Magwitch. He is a well-known barrister and his widely respected by everyone, criminals and "gentlemen". He is a barrister, who will always try and get his clients off their sentence, using any means possible, even if they are illegal. He may use false witnesses and plant evidence to get his clients off the sentence. In this sense, he is no better than his clients and he knows this but he always tries to distance himself from the underground, poverty oppressed world that he ends up defending. He does this both mentally and physically, by washing his hands after speaking to a client, to almost wipe the problems of his clients away, sot that he can mentally picture himself taking the moral high ground. Morals- this is another interesting factor. There are no morals and each man has to be greedy to succeed. Jaggers is amoral and immoral at the same time, he knows that to succeed he has to cheat and fake witnesses, but he know what is right and wrong and good and evil. He knows that his actions are immoral, but society was not governed by morals at that time. He is also so careful to makes sure that no one can detect his corruption, in the language he uses,"use informed Pip, not told," as so not to implicate himself and speak in an almost kind of code, in case of any people listening. ...read more.

Middle

This very idealized home scene is in direct contrast with Wemmick's office life. While Wemmick is a good man, he is very false and is forced to put on a mask of indifference in order to survive all of the horrible, seedy acts and people that he must deal with on a daily basis. Without this cover, he would probably go mad. Wemmick proves to be Pip's most loyal friend (along with Herbert) and aids him in many legal and criminal matters. Wemmick helps Pip to avoid being discovered as Provis's abetter and allows him to secretly support the development of Herbert's future, the one good act that he performs with his money. He also has a romantic interest in Miss Skiffins. Wemmick, when at his home, is a good example of what a true gentleman is, however, his character is completely changed when at the office. In the office, he is like a machine. This appearance he puts forth, as an illusion of a hard workingman while the truth is that he is very happy and sprightly. At his comfortable, castle-like home, Wemmick is very pleasant and cheerful. Pip made the mistake of mentioning Mr. Wemmick's dual personality in the work place, in front of Mr. Jaggers, the boss. Pip "turned to Wemmick, and said, ' Wemmick, I know you to be a man with a gentle heart. I have seen your pleasant home, and your old father, and all the innocent cheerful playful ways with which you refresh your business life." To which Jaggers, himself releases a bit of his hard working character, by taking a start. Magwitch Magwitch is the criminal that a young Pip encounters on the moors as a terrified ten year old. Magwitch made empty threats to kill and show Pip to his "friend" if Pip did not get some food and drink and an iron file for Magwitch, because he is cold and in chains. ...read more.

Conclusion

Unfortunately for Pip and Joe this decreases the amount of respect that he has for Joe. His alienation from Joe and Joe's values builds as Pip becomes selfish, greedy, and foolish. The first glimpse of a hostile emotion towards Joe and the forge is over his appearance. Estella ridicules Pip's coarse hands and thick boots, as well as his habit of calling Jacks, Jacks instead of knaves. In addition to guilt that he feels for having done wrong things, Pip becomes ashamed over factors of which he has no control. He even feels shame for his companion Joe and the forge. "I wished Joe had been rather more genteelly brought up, and then I should have been so too." An attitude of rejection and embarrassment is created as a direct result of his infatuation with the distant and unattainable, sophisticated image of the genteel and beauty (Estella). He pursues further the illusion of the genteel and status, in which Pip partakes in an empty quest to find true satisfaction. However, his pursuit of satisfaction via the genteel stops abruptly when he finds out about Magwitch being his benefactor. Pip begins to reject the idea that was imposed on him by Estella, Pumblechook, Havisham and Mrs Gargery of one's value being based on property and status, and comes back to the simplicity and true love of his old friends. In a sense, Pip's journey takes him through a rise and fall of appearances. He starts off severely disliking "gentlemen," by the image given to him by Pumblechook, he meets Estella and Satis House and his views change of the genteel and rejects the simple love and kindness shown to him a the Forge for a pursuit of genteel and after realising how much he had over estimated the values of the genteel and under estimated the love shown to him by Joe, Biddy, the Pockets and to a certain extent Magwitch, he returns to a diluted version of his original views. ...read more.

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