• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Great expectations-scene one and scene 39

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How does Dickens create sympathy and tension is his readers in chapter 1 and chapter 39? Great expectation is a novel, wrote in a semi-autobiographic style by Charles Dickens about the expectations of an orphan called pip, who is the protagonist of the story, writing about his life from his childhood to adulthood. It was first published in a magazine article as a twenty part series through out 1860 to 1861, and was later published as a novel. The story is set in Victorian society, and its main theme is rich and poor along with the theme of gratitude, and how for or the first time in history you could become rich without owning land because of the industrial revelation, so people could 'make' money without inheriting it, and it was the birth of the 'nouveau riche', people who had standing in society through work rather than title. Dickens grew up with a cruel and brutal father. Which is why many of his novels it contains cruel and brutal adults because of his upbringing, as it does in great expectations. Dickens chose the storyline because at the time it would have been believable and inspirational and this is what made the novel so successful because the story reflects what could have been reality. In chapter 39 pip is not recognisable to the young morally upstanding boy he was in chapter 1, not only has he grown up and his appearances changed but he's changed who he is, and it now an upper class citizen. ...read more.

Middle

This tells us that Pip was morally upstanding, and makes us like him and feel sympathetic. Then in chapter 39 a completely different side of Pip is portrayed. He is made to seem snobbish, and when He meets Magwitch he is shocked and disgusted by his presence, and doesn't try to hide his abhorrence towards Magwitch, simply telling him to "stay!" and "keep off!" when Magwitch tries to embrace him, showing Pip still see's him at the desperate common criminal he was all those years ago. This creates tension, as Pip makes the situation awkward and discomforting, and starts to give the impression he's not going to help Magwitch, which leaves the reader on edge asking the question will he or wont he? Pip is also shown as slightly arrogant and boastful, as he boasts to Magwitch about his life saying "I've done wonderful well. There's others went out alonger me and has done well too, but no man has done nigh as well as me. I'm famous for it", this shows the reader that Pip puts himself above other people and thinks very highly of himself, and the fact he is a gentleman. The readers view of Magwitch changes dramatically between chapter 1 and chapter 39. In chapter 1 the readers opinion of him is that he is ruthless, threatening and desperate because of how he acts with Pip, "Tell us your name!", "give it mouth"" and darn me if I could eat 'em". ...read more.

Conclusion

Dickens uses the scene and atmosphere to effect us as readers, using pathetic fallacy to create tension and a build up to the climax of a scene. In chapter 1 and chapter 39 Dickens uses his techniques to create what he wants to create, which is tension and sympathy towards the individuals of his choice. He keeps the reader surprised, as in chapter one Magwitch's emergence wasn't expected and his emergence wasn't expected in chapter 39 either, the way Dickens plays off another story of Miss Havisham being Pips benefactor for him to be worthy to marry Estella keeps the reader off any trail that Magwitch is involved furthermore in the story. The novel was so popular at the time is was written because it was believable and reflects reality of that time, so its like a drama or a telling or someone's actual life, but in the 21st century its not believable but still very popular and is still considered one of Dickens most sophisticated and greatest novels, because of the language and techniques used through out, keeping the reader interesting all the way through and having surprising twists to the plot. Great expectations is a successful novel, with chapter one and chapter 39 being the two most important and having the most authority of the whole story, with chapter one introducing the reader to the twist and chapter 39 revealing it. Chloe Jackson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Great Expectations section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Great Expectations essays

  1. Great expectation

    The opening chapter is in the desolate setting of a marshy graveyard. Already an ambience of anxiety and uncertainty has been created. The marsh is a symbol of wilderness, amid which stands a lonely Pip. Pip is physically and mentally alone in his surroundings; he has no sense of belonging.

  2. Great Expectations - Why is Magwitch an Important Character in the novel?

    The way Pip says "not new to me:" could show that he enjoys Magwitch's company and fells that they have known each other for a long time. It helps sustain the idea that Pip and Magwitch get along like father and son, each other replacing the type of figure both never had.

  1. Discuss how Charles Dickens builds tension in Chapters 1 and in Chapter 39 of ...

    Further on the Chapter, Charles Dickens again builds up tension by his vibrant imagery of the setting. For example, he adds more life to the surroundings around Pip by stating 'river' and 'sea' which could additionally give a sense of danger to the reader.

  2. Compare, Contrast and Analyse Chapters 1 and 39 of Great Expectations.

    for Pip, this is necessary as Pip is the protagonist and the reader should be able to empathise with and care for this young, orphan child. Dickens also uses the setting and Pip's position within the setting to highlight the hardship and isolation orphans faced as part of their daily lives.

  1. 'Is Magwitch a criminal or victim of society?'

    With the money he earned from his job, he sends it to Mr. Jagger who is his lawyer. Mr. Jagger takes care of Pip and also provides Pip an apartment, which Pip has to shear with Herberd. Mr. Jagger is in charge of the money and takes care of making Pip into a gentleman.

  2. Great Expectations Role of Magwitch

    The film is set in black and white and this portrays the personalities of all of the characters within the play especially the dark and mysterious character of Magwitch. The film is a tribute to the book, and the way in which the scene of the graveyard is set is

  1. Charles Dickens's writing techniques in Great Expectations.

    and bitter old woman trapped in the past, nearly a century ago, when she was abandoned on her wedding day, and is now raising an adopted daughter to seek revenge on all men by breaking their hearts however, near the end of the novel when she converses with Pip about

  2. How does Dickens create sympathy for the character of Magwitch in the novel 'Great ...

    Furthermore Magwitch has had no education. The judge only took the appearance and background of Compeyson and Magwitch into account when he sentenced them both. This is why Compeyson got off lightly and Magwitch got a heavier sentence. The court prejudice again causes the reader to pity Magwitch.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work