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How do circumstances cause characters to change?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How do circumstances cause characters to change? The first time we are introduced to Pip in Great Expectations was when he was visiting his parent's grave. The graveyard was cold and misty. Dickens was trying to create a feeling of sadness and sympathy for Pip. He met a convict who had escaped from prison and wanted "wittles". He demanded Pip brought him some "wittles" and a file. Otherwise "a young man" would come after him and rip his "heart and liver out". Pip's innocence and naivety meant he believed every word of the convict and was scared not to obey him. This was despite the bad temper of Mrs Joe, his sister who brought him up "by hand" and threatened to use "tickler" (a stick she used to hit Pip with). He stole the "wittles" and went to sleep. When Pip left early the next morning, which was in fact Christmas morning, his guilty conscience was noticeable. His conscience was so bad in fact, that when Pip slowly walked down the stairs, every creak in the stairs sounded as if they were shouting "Get up Mrs Joe" and "Stop thief". Also, when he went to meet the convict on the marshes, he imagined the cattle calling after him saying " A boy with Somebody - else's pork pie! Stop him" and "Holloa, young thief!" This proves that despite what he is doing, he knows what he is doing is wrong, hence the guilty conscience. After he met the convict and gave him his "wittles" and the file (which belonged to Joe, Pip's sister's husband) he returns home across the marshes. Pip still believes that "a constable" will be waiting for him at home. When he gets home, he has Christmas lunch with Mr Pumblechook, Mr Wopsle and Mr & Mrs Hubble. This happens every year. At dinner, they all take their turn to pick on Pip, apart from Joe. ...read more.

Middle

Ralph, as the new leader should point this out, to pull Jack together. This is similar to the ending of the first section of Great Expectations because it explains Pip leaving London, a circumstance that could change the way he looks at people and their lives. This is true too of the ending here. We see how Jack first becomes obsessed with pigs, blood, hunting and killing and how this will eventually change the lives of the boys on the island. Pip soon arrives in London. It is very different to the village he has left behind. Obviously, London is much larger. Dickens paints a bleak picture of London. He mentioned the coachman trying to persuade Pip to give him more money for the journey. He describes Smithfield as a "shameful place" with "filth" "blood" and "foam". He describes the first instance of the corrupt law, by describing the "Lord Chief Justice" being drunk. Dickens portrays Jaggers as corrupt. He is expensive to hire and intimidates the judge and jury to make them return a verdict in his favour. Pip admits he thinks London is "horrible" and was giving him a "sickening idea of London". I cannot understand why Pip doesn't go home to the village. His only motivation is Estella. These facts of London would be enough to harden anyone's views of life and how to handle it and Wemmick, Pip's workmate, shows this. He has a featureless face and when he leaves London his face changes. He has almost masked the harshness of London life by keeping an automatic neutral face. Pip meets Bentley Drummle. It is obvious Pip does not like Drummle. He describes him as "idle, proud, niggardly reserved and suspicious" Drummle is only getting a good education because he is rich. Dickens is representing the lack of meritocracy in his time. This is giving Pip the idea that the only way to get on in the world and be happy is to get rich. ...read more.

Conclusion

Despite this, "Enough" house was always almost haunting and cold. Dickens also objected to capital punishment and that the rich people were given lenient sentences or almost completely let off compared to the poor who were sentenced to death. His objections are clearly pointed out in different parts of the book such as Jaggers feeding off the misfortune of others, the drunken official and Wemmick taking belongings off prisoners. Dickens wanted to get his message across that money wasn't everything and you could be happy without it. Miss Havisham was well off but sad. Joe was poor but happy with Biddy. Dickens must also have felt sorry for the way Children were treated. He creates sympathy for Pip during Pumblechook's maths test and the inquisition to find out about Miss Havisham. He also called the school Pip attended a shambles. The horrific Second World War and how brutal mankind can be have influenced Golding. He felt that no matter how much man tried, there would always be darkness in their hearts. This darkness is their human nature. Golding has used the story to show the audience that there is evil amongst all men. For the first part of the book, its almost a world of children's games, with Roger throwing stones around the boy and them playing hunting, nearly killing Robert. The "beastie" is almost the lack of security given by their parents, something in their imagination. When the dead parachutist arrives, their imaginations run wild and their insecurity grows. Simon, in fact one of his only moments talking says "Maybe it's only us" His death shows Golding describe almost harmlessness and beauty of the island, therefore proving that the beastie does not exist. It's the evil in them and their nature to destroy. The final part could be meant to symbolically represent the world war. Jack the dictator, Roger the executor/ torturor and Ralph the diplomat. http://www.coursework.info/ This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database Click here to visit Coursework.Info/ ...read more.

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