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How do the poets convey the human costs of war in Dulce et Decorum Est and Refugee Blues

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How do the poets convey the human costs of war in "Dulce et Decorum Est" and "refugee Blues" Loss is a main theme in both poems. Although they are dissimilar losses as they are from different points of view, both poems affect the listener by the experiences these two victims go through and the way the poets suggest there experiences. One large difference is the fact that Dulce et Decorum Est is set in World War One and Refugee Blues is set in World War Two, however they both convey the message that there is no gain and pleasure whatsoever in war. They do this in many ways, however the ways which enhance the poems the most are the timescale, the way in which human dignity is portrayed and finally the technical ways in which they express the costs. Dulce et Decorum Est describes the immediate costs of war by using the verb formation of 'ing' endings which meant that the poem is in the imperfect continuous for example 'guttering, choking, drowning'. ...read more.


Owen dehumanises the soldiers also by conveying them as animals for example, the men are "blood-shod": their feet are bleeding because they have 'lost their boots' and usually horses are 'Shod', describing the men as cattle- merely to be slaughtered. At the end of the poem the dead man's face looks like "a devils"- another example of dehumanisation. And finally the person who is dying has no name ("someone still was yelling out") and the men are faceless (they are wearing masks). Human dignity is also lost in Refugee Blues, however, in a different way, the refugees aren't being treated like humans and animals are seen as better than them 'saw a door opened and a cat let in'. Auden uses nature, in different verses, to contrast the free life of dogs and cats, birds, fish and even an old yew plant in the churchyard in comparison to that of restrictions placed on Jews, this is also in a way like dehumanisation- the world has turned upside down where animals are freer than humans. ...read more.


However in Refugee Blues the perpetrator is not the reader, but the countries rejecting the victims and 'Hitler' himself. In conclusion, I think that Dulce et Decorum Est portrays the costs far more successfully than Refugee Blues because the imagery is far more haunting and lingering partly because he addresses the listener directly towards he end of the poem, making the reader feel more empathetic towards the victims. Although Refugee Blues is successful in portraying the loss, the listener is less emotive towards the victim as the listener is not the culprit, 'Hitler' is. Finally the pace of each poem also conveys the reader's attention to the words and imagery, seeing as the pace of Refugee blues is slower, less varied and arguably too repetitive the costs are less evident, whereas Dulce et Decorum Est has sudden changes in pace which grab the reader's attention while obtaining the marching like rhyme scheme such as when the direct speech comes in "gas, gas quick boys" it grabs the reader's attention for the loss of life which will follow. Kafkaesque Rhythm in refugee blues ...read more.

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