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How does Dickens use language to present Pip's feelings to the reader in this extract from 'Great Expectations"?

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How does Dickens use language to present Pip's feelings to the reader in this extract from 'Great Expectations"? In this extract from "Great Expectations" Dickens uses different language features to present Pip's feelings to the reader. In the very first paragraph, the reader is introduced to a very anxious and regretful Pip. His anxiety is show as he is counting down the day until he leaves for London; "As the six evenings had dwindled away to five, to four, to three, to two..." The use of parallelism and listing in this sentence also highlights his anxiety. Also Pip's anxiousness is point out with the use of the semantic field of time. Words like "six days", "six evenings" and the phrase, "[days] were to have run out so slowly, had run out fast and were gone..." - these quotations also support the idea that Pip is incredibly anxious. The second paragraph highlights Pip's supposed guilt, when deciding whether to walk on his own or with Joe to the coach. "I had told Joe that I wished to walk away all alone". This suggests he feels ashamed of Joe as Pip does not want to be seen with him. However throughout the paragraph language used, also suggests that guilt reigns over Pip for feeling ashamed of his dear friend, "[I] had an impulse upon me to go downstairs and entreat Joe to walk with me." ...read more.


The word 'repeatedly' is used at the beginning of this phrase and therefore also suggests he wants to keep himself busy to distract him from what is to come. The next paragraph also uses onomatopoeia; "scuffle" is used to show that he reluctant to leave, also suggesting that he is sad and upset about leaving for London. The semantic field of leaving is also used in the paragraph; "walked out", "looking back" and "wave" are used to constantly remind us that Pip is to leave for London, and that it is unavoidable. The sixth paragraph also uses the same language features as the other paragraphs throughout this extract. Sentences at the beginning of this paragraph show Pip's feelings towards his origins; "reflecting that it would never have done to have an old shoe thrown after the coach, in sight of all the High Street", this quotation suggests that Pip is ashamed of his working class origins and that the working class traditions, i.e. throwing an old shoe at the coach as he leaves, would be embarrassing. The use of sibilance and personification in a metaphor also reveals many of Pip's feelings; "light mists were solemnly rising, as if to show me the world". ...read more.


In the final lines of this paragraph, it is clear that Pip will always long for Joe even if Pip is ashamed of Joe's background, "I would fancy an exact resemblance to Joe in some man coming along the road towards us, and my heart would beat high. - As if he could possibly be there!" Compared to the sentences in earlier paragraphs, most of which are declarative, this quotation is exclamatory, this suggests that Pip is happy with the mention of Joe and also it is clear that Pip will indeed miss his friend. The final paragraph of this extract tells the reader that Pip has realised something; "and it was now too late and too far to go back, and I went on." This quotation reveals that Pip has come to accept that he is leaving his friends behind and that is where they will remain. Also a link to an early paragraph is made in the final line, "and the mists had all solemnly risen now, and the world lay spread before me." This quotation shows that Pip is no longer anxious about being "shown the world", but it suggests that he is excited and is ready to embrace what happens before him. Therefore it is clear that, Dickens has effectively used language features, such as semantic fields, collocations, antithesis and many more to present Pip's feelings throughout this extract from "Great expectations". ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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