• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does H.G. Wells create atmosphere and build up the tension in "The Red Room".In "The Red Room" H.G. Wells bases his short story on aspects of Gothic fiction

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Pre 1914 Prose "The Red Room"- H.G. Wells How does H.G. Wells create atmosphere and build up the tension in "The Red Room". In "The Red Room" H.G. Wells bases his short story on aspects of Gothic fiction, however this type of fiction was popular between 1760-1820. This story includes mystery, horror, cruelty, spiral staircases and long corridors that are all elements of Gothic fiction. Wells borrows characteristics from this genre and uses many techniques to create atmosphere and build up the tension in "The Red Room". In the opening of "The Red Room", we are suddenly thrown into conversation and it is very abrupt, "I can assure you." H.G. Wells does this to make us read into the conversation and the word "ghost" in the first line grabs our attention. The story is written in first person, this helps to experience the story in a different way to if a narrator was telling the story. We only witness what the protagonist thinks, feels and witnesses. Throughout the story it adds to the air of mystery because we only know what the protagonist knows, so we get his first hand experience H.G. ...read more.

Middle

These characters are typical of Gothic fiction and help set the scene for this short story. H.G. Wells uses many Gothic images to set the archaic scene of the castle. Phrases such as "the door creaked on its hinges", "a spiral staircase", "draughty subterranean passage" and "silvery illumination" are all typical of Gothic fiction. Everything from the ornaments to the furniture seem to come from a different era. The ornaments are described as "ghostly" and makes the protagonist think of "vanished men". H.G. Wells uses these vivid descriptions to scare and give the reader an eerie feeling in order to create the atmosphere of the short story. In "The Red Room", archaic language is used such as "said I", "eight and twenty years" and "on the yesterday". This language is used to give the story an archaic ambience. The language is also very horrific and grotesque, words and phrases such as "fashions born in dead brains", "stifling", "haunt", "creeps" and "darkens". These are used to make the story dramatically frightening got the reader. Throughout the story, the air of mystery builds up the tension in "The Red Room". ...read more.

Conclusion

He personifies the shadows to an extent that makes them seem like they are another character in the story. Actions that the shadows are capable of are "mocked", "came sweeping up", "fled" and "closed upon me". H.G. Wells does this to oblige the shadows to overpower the protagonist. He describes the real room vividly, "recesses and alcoves", "sprouted", and "germinating darkness". Here he personifies the room and its "legends", saying that they are like plants sprouting in its "black corners". He does this to emphasise the darkness and how it is obtaining a hold upon the protagonist. More personification is used to intensify the stories such "flames were dancing". This is used because the flames from the fire seemed to be the last ray of hope for the protagonist in the red room. Darkness is then personified again, "wrapped about me in a stifling embrace", to emphasise his loss of assurance Wells uses various techniques when the protagonist is inside the red room. He describes being inside the room like "a ragged storm-cloud sweeping out the stars", here Wells uses alliteration and a simile to emphasise the panic that the protagonist is starting to have and the fact that darkness is closing up on him. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE H.G. Wells section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE H.G. Wells essays

  1. 'The Red Room' is a pre-twentieth century short story written as a gothic mystery.

    On his way to the red room, he comes across what looks like a figure in front of him, only to find it an ornament of a 'Chinaman on the buhl table'

  2. The story the man who could work miracles by H.G. Wells is a powerful ...

    the word 'annihilated' suggests he destroys it with power just as he had the power to create life (the snail), this makes him sound like a god. He used the powers to his advantage and as a result he seems rather selfish.

  1. Humor, Irony and Effects in HG Wells' short stories.

    His description suggests that this is an unsavory character. His excitement and interest in the Cholera virus expressed in his speech, "And yet, those little particles, those mere atomies might multiply and devastate a city! Wonderful!" tells the reader that the man has deadly motives. The bacteriologist remains totally oblivious to what is so strikingly obvious to the readers.

  2. How does H.G Wells create, maintain and release tension in The Red Room?

    narrator feel terrified, also gives a impression of old and derelict castle is haunted. Also releases suspense, as there is the urge to find out whom and what haunts them. In the same paragraph it has no full stops it is one of the longest sentences in the play and makes it one of most important.

  1. Commentary of Short Story

    This makes it generally easy to read. The lexis is kept relatively uncomplicated with little unnecessary endowment except to provide detail, and to make it easy to follow. To make my story more descriptive I used plenty of concrete adjectives to add information.

  2. Conventions of the Gothic Horror - The Red Room by H.G. Wells

    The Victorians were in a state of crises and their beliefs of religion were being questioned and proved wrong by Science and Charles Darwin's book 'The Origin of the Species'. The above quote reflects the metonymy 'Lights in an abandoned room' which means the Victorians beliefs are meant to be

  1. Analyse the short story 'The Red Room' by H.G. Wells. How does it create ...

    The dying of the candles creates a sense of panic and tension. H.G. Wells uses similes and metaphors to create vivid pictures in the mind of the reader. We picture darkness as a physical presence- a sinister presence. The narrator says '(darkness)

  2. 'The Red Room' is a nineteenth century short story written by H.G Wells

    H.G Well makes the candles go out to and the moonlight creates shadows, which are always in horror stories. H.G Well uses techniques like making echos run up and down to build up tension.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work