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How does Shakespeare use dramatic devices in Act 3 Scene 1 of Romeo and Juliet to create tension in such an important scene

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Introduction

How does Shakespeare use dramatic devices in Act 3 Scene 1 of Romeo and Juliet to create tension in such an important scene? Romeo and Juliet is the story of two young lovers trying to consummate their love despite the difficulties that face them. In the play, Romeo and Juliet are members of two feuding families who hate each other because of an ancient grudge. Romeo and Juliet is a play about love, passion, hatred, violence and death; typical themes of a Shakespearian tragedy. In the play, Capulet orders Juliet into marriage but she rebels and doesn't marry her father's chosen groom, Paris. She does this because she is already in love with Romeo. This is strange because, when the play was written, daughters would obey their fathers in all circumstances. Act 2 Scene 6 has a romantic atmosphere and when the play turns to Act 3 Scene 1 the mood is obviously darker. This creates tension because the audience are interested and wait to see what is going to happen. ...read more.

Middle

Benvolio warns mercutio of the fact that people become violent in the heat, but Mercutio ignores him. This creates tension as the audience anticipates what will happen. Tension is also produced when Tybalt comes looking for Romeo and Romeo doesn't want to duel. The audience await Tybalts reaction, which builds tension. Dramatic Irony is used because only the audience know about Romeo's relationship with Juliet. At first when Romeo refuses to fight Tybalt insults him and keeps encouraging him to duel. "Boy, this shall not excuse the injuries that thou hast done me" taunts Tybalt. Romeo doesn't argue back. Mercutio assumes Romeo is being cowardly and is ashamed and embarrassed by his friend. He says "O calm, dishonerable, vile submission!" after Romeo says he has to love Tybalt. This causes tension as Tybalt and Mercutio become even more frustrated with Romeo. Mercutio draws his sword in order to defend Romeos reputation. He says "Tybalt, you rat-catcher, will you walk?" challenging him to a duel. A feeling of foreboding hangs in the air. ...read more.

Conclusion

When Mercutio exits the scene the mood changes because he was the energetic and interesting character in the play; now the mood is darker as Romeo grieves Mercutios death. This scene was a turning point in the play because the previous scene was joyful however this scene was miserable and ended in death. The Prince arrives with his attendants followed by Montagues and Capulets. Benvolio informs him that Tybalt killed Mercutio and, in turn, Romeo has slain the murderer. Lady Capulet breaks out over the death of her nephew and demands that Romeo be put to death. The Prince, paying no attention to her, asks for details of the affair from Benvolio. Benvolio states that Romeo was unwilling to fight and calls Tybalt the aggressor. Lady Capulet again demands the death of Romeo. Montague takes Romeo's side saying that Romeo is justified in avenging the death of Mercutio, his friend. The Prince then announces his decision. Romeo is now an exile from Verona, and each of the families is heavily fined. He also states that if Romeo is found in the city, he will be immediately put to death. ?? ?? ?? ?? Joe Middleton ...read more.

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