• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

how poe and goethe create suspense and tension in their poems.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Gothic poetry draft "Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary." (1) In this initial line from Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven," the poet creates suspense because the person in the poem is thinking deeply. Pondering deep thoughts puts the reader in suspense because one wonders what those thoughts could possibly be. One's suspense is intensified by the fact the reader also does not know what is making the person in the poem "weak". Suspense and tension are common aspects of gothic literature. In "The Raven," the disheartened narrator is searching for a way to bring his deceased wife back from the dead by scanning through books of black magic. Suddenly, a raven enters the room, interrupting his thoughts. The narrator believes the raven possessing arcane knowledge can disclose the secret of effect, a reunion with Lenore. The Raven, however, answers with the enigmatic word 'nevermore.' The narrator is left in madness and, haunted by the raven's enigmatic words. In this essay, I will compare and contrast "The Raven," with another gothic poem, Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe's "The Erlking." I will also show how the two poets create suspense and tension in their poems by using a series of poetic devices. ...read more.

Middle

The Erlking creates suspense because the reader is not sure if the creature is real or whether it kills the boy. Poe similarly uses his characters to add to the suspense. In "The Raven" the antagonist or the conflict in the poem is the raven. "Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Night's plutonian shore!" (47) "Quoth the Raven, "Nevermore." (48) The above quote shows how Poe expresses suspense in his poem. He does this because he leaves us in suspense to the true identity of the Raven at the end of lines 47 and 48. Similar to "The Erlking," one does not know whether the raven is real or whether it has supernatural powers. Another way that Poe and Goethe create tension is at the climax of the poems. Goethe's poem creates suspense at the end because it is not revealed whether the Erlking is real or whether the child was hallucinating. The reader is also not made aware of how the boy dies, leaving the reader's tension unrelieved. Reaching the house, in fear and dread: (31) But in his arms the child lies dead." (32) "But in his arms the child lies dead." ...read more.

Conclusion

Rhythm increases the suspense of the poem making one anticipate what is forthcoming. Both poets also embrace onomatopoeia in their poems to create suspense and tension. There are only two instances in which Goethe uses onomatopoeia in his poem. "...What the Erlking's whispering in my ear?" (14) The word "whispering" is clearly onomatopoeia, as the reader easily imagines he or she is listening to the words as spoken by the creature. The creature was speaking to entice him or her to accompany it further into the dark woods. Poe uses onomatopoeia far more frequently than Goethe does. "And so faintly you came tapping-tapping at my chamber door,"(22) The onomatopoeia word "tapping," creates sound imagery for the reader and might feel as though someone is tapping on their own door. They do not know who is tapping on the door so by creating sound imagery will make the reader feel as though they are in the poem, therefore creating suspense. In conclusion, both poets use similar techniques and poetic devices to create suspense and tension in their poems. Both poets use gothic atmospheres that have an equal effect on creating suspense and tension. However I think that Goethe's use of poetic devices are more effect than the use of Poe's poetic devices ?? ?? ?? ?? Amy.Savigar Mr.Swanson. 10G1 14/10/08 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Miscellaneous essays

  1. how does Edgar allan poe and Goethe use poetic devices to create suspense and ...

    "'Tis some visitor," I muttered, "tapping at my chamber door, (B) Only this and nothing more."' (B) Edgar Allan Poe, in his poem, "The Raven," creates a highly tensioned, imbalanced atmosphere through his use of repetition and a carefully chosen internal rhyme scheme.

  2. War Poems

    as we can clearly see that something's changed here, and there is more emphasis on the fact that something terrible has happened, and that the six hundred will not be returning. This is very dramatic. 'Canon to the right of them, Cannon to the left of them, Cannon behind them.'

  1. How does William Shakespeare create a sense of tension within the play Romeo and ...

    This leads to him forecasting his own death. With Romeo thinking about death, it allows the audience to recognise that Romeo's destiny is death and so dramatic irony is constructed. Evidently, Romeo as a character doesn't know that he is going to die, but the audience do and so further tension is built.

  2. William Blake Poems

    a lamb's back" which links to the symbolism of the lamb being the son of God which is one of the main themes in another poem from "Songs of Innocence "the Lamb". The Lamb is a prime example of innocence imagery because it is used in such a context as

  1. english literature

    deduced after the 'Delphi seminar', in which he worked at the State University of New York at Buffalo with other critics such as Robert Rogers, David Willbern and others. The ' Delphi seminar' was designed to get students know themselves.

  2. GCSE Essay Cultural Poems

    He builds up the tension of anger by using comma's to separate the sentences. Tatamkhulu Afrika also builds up tension in a hidden and unique way by writing, 'but my feet know, and my hands, and the skin about my bones, and the soft labouring of my lungs, and the hot, white, inwards turning anger of my eyes'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work