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In my view, there are 3 parties who the blame for the whole sorry episode of Macbeth can be attributed to, these are: Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, The Witche. Macbeth

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Introduction

Macbeth was written by William Shakespeare in 1606 for James 1 king of England who had previously been the king of Scotland. The play is based on the Scottish monarchy in 1040. Shakespeare acquired most of his information for his play from Holinshed's chronicles. Macbeth consists of several pieces of factual background entwined with half-truths and fictional anecdotes. For example, Macbeth and Duncan were both indeed kings of Scotland, though contrary to the way Shakespeare portrays it Duncan was a feeble king while Macbeth was a strong and mighty king, Shakespeare also compacts Macbeths mighty reign of 17 years into what seems like only a couple of months. Other major falsehoods added for dramatic effect were: * Lady Macbeth did not figure in Holinshed's chronicles in the way that she does in Macbeth. * Macbeth does not kill Duncan instead he hires assassins to do his dirty work. * Banquo was involved in the killing of Duncan. * Macbeth stayed to fight Macduff when in truth he ran away. Some of these omissions were made for the fact that the play was written for James 1 who was a descendant of Banquo. For this reason Shakespeare makes Banquo far more noble and loyal than history says he actually was. He also omits Mary queen of Scots from the line of kings. King James and the rest of the general population were all extremely interested in the supernatural and witchcraft at the time the play was written, James 1 even published a work called "Demonology". ...read more.

Middle

When told of the size of the English force he is still confident of success. He shows his agitation and dispair later on as he tells of the hardships he went through to become king yet life was better before, he says "all our yesterdays have lighted fools the way to dusty death" saying of how he has been misguided and in a way showing contempt for his previous evil actions. At the end of the battle when he meets Macduff, Macbeth realises that the witches have purposely tricked him into this sorry mess with deceitful truths, as he finds put that Macduff was born by cesaerian section meaning he can kill Macbeth. Macbeth says "Accursed be that tongue that tells me so, for it hath cowed my better part of man." So was Macbeth to blame for the whole tragic episode. As I have described I think he was influenced by several outside indirect factors. Both Lady Macbeth and the witches used their powers of persuasion to mould Macbeth to their wants. The witches put the thoughts of kingship into his head so the question is whether he would have struck out to become king if they had not and whether the thought was already in his sub-conscience yet they brought it up. Though would he have killed Duncan if it wasn't for his lady, as she forced him to commit the murder of Duncan. If he hadn't killed Duncan he wouldn't have done any of the other evil deeds he also did. Though at times in the play he seemed to be possessed by an evil probably brought on by the witches which would detract some of the blame, the same as if he was under intoxication. ...read more.

Conclusion

Though would he have ever killed Duncan if the witches and Lady Macbeth had not been there spurring him on? I doubt it as at the beginning of the play he had the mentality of a noble warrior and killing some one you have fought loyally for, for most your life in his sleep is not in Macbeths nature. Though I doubt the thought would never had entered his head if it wasn't for the witches. If he had never killed Duncan then he would never have killed any of the others as they were part of the chain reaction to the first murder with the last domino to fall being Macbeth. Imagine the killing of Duncan as some one purposely being hit by a car. The person being hit and killed is Duncan. The petrol which is fuelling the car is the witches who fuel Macbeths treacherous and ambitious thoughts. The person pushing down the accelerator and driving the car on is Lady Macbeth who is seen as the driving force behind the murder pushing Macbeth on. While the carry body which is actually doing the killing and knocking down is Macbeth. If anyone of the three factors was missing then the murder would never have happened. The blame for the subsequent murders and Macbeths downfall lie firmly on the soldiers of Macbeth and the Witches. The witches put the thoughts of killing both Banquo and Macduffs family into Macbeths head by making him think he had something to gain out of it. The witches led him on throughout leading him to his downfall. The blame should be placed equally on all as without any of the 3 involved the whole sorry episode would not have happened. ...read more.

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