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Journeys End. Act 2 begins with a feeling of hope. Trotter has comical conversation with Mason about how he likes his breakfast. Trotter continues by having an optimistic conversation with Osborne about England and the attack.

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Introduction

Journey's End Before Act 2, Scene 1 Osborne was putting a drunken Stanhope to sleep. Osborne gets ready for bed as he hears the rumble of the distant guns. The act ends with a feeling of tension and suspense. Act 2 begins with a feeling of hope. Trotter has comical conversation with Mason about how he likes his breakfast. Trotter continues by having an optimistic conversation with Osborne about England and the attack. Raleigh shows admiration of Osborne and has a discussion about the Germans. At the end of the scene Stanhope has an argument with Raleigh about the letter he wanted to send to his sister. Sheriff uses these situations to depict the futility and hardships of war. Sheriff shows a cheerful atmosphere at the beginning of the scene, 'What a lovely smell of bacon!' This shows the humanity that exists within the dugout. It contrasts with Act 1 in which there seems to be no hope and the atmosphere is dire. This comparison emphasizes the futility of war and tragedy of the life of the soldiers. In addition to this, Sheriff displays a comical conversation between Trotter and Mason, 'well I like a bit o' lean too.' ...read more.

Middle

The playwright has done this by showing how they mistook the tree for the deadly gas, which emphasizes the disastrous effect that the war has psychologically had on them. This makes the reader feel sympathy for the characters lives and the various difficulties that they are forced to face every day. Furthermore, Trotter's casual and nonchalant tone is shown, 'I don't like this time of the day in the line. The old Boche 'as just 'ad 'is breakfast', the uncaring language shows how the characters often seem defeated and hopeless. They are portrayed to feel that the war has no glory or purpose. The officers and soldiers like Trotter are presented simply as pawns in a war where the elite on either side are needlessly competing in a rat race. This makes the audience feel sorry for the soldiers because their lives are trapped and being thrown away with no value or honor. Sheriff also shows how Raleigh is impressed with Osborne's achievements. 'What! For England!...(with awe) Oh good Lord! That must have been simply topping.' This emphasizes how the audience is reminded of Raleigh's innocence. ...read more.

Conclusion

I didn't know', this shows how Stanhope is consumed by his own radical and paranoid ideas of the world. Dramatic irony is utilized by the playwright because Stanhope does realize how he is being unfair to Raleigh. Dramatic irony is further emphasized by Raleigh's character who does understand the obvious fears that Stanhope has and is probing him and his letter for. The atmosphere at the end of this scene is of defeat and misery for Stanhope. To conclude, Sheriff has used this scene to highlight the futility and misery of war by showing how the characters are normal humans like us, but are forced to fight in a war with no purpose. He has also shown how the characters are affected by the war both physically and mentally. They no longer have a chance at living a normal life and are awaiting their inevitable death; they enjoy what memories they can muster before this happens to them and ultimately this is what the audience is shown to feel sorry for people who are forced into these positions. In my opinion Sheriff has managed to accomplish a play which conceives an undying idea about the futility of most wars that take place. An example of this is the American occupation of Iraq and their unjustified accusation of WMDs. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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