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Katie Clifford Macbeth coursework In Macbeth, Shakespeare adds a supernatural dimension that purposively conspires against Macbeth and his kingdom. Shakespeare uses the witches to open his play "Macbeth" who then are then rarely seen throughout the play I think the witches are used to include a supernatural feeling and to represent what people in the 17th century thought witches were like. Even king James I was making accusation against people and accusing them of being witches. The play opens on eerie, macabre note in "an open place," where we see the three witches, the "weird sisters." In a dozen lines, they announce their evil nature by saying "Fair is foul, and foul is fair/Hover through the fog and the filthy air," and their intention to meet with Macbeth once the "hurly-burly" of a battle between the forces begins. Shakespeare uses the witches in a scene like this as it gives a first impression of them. The impression of the witches is mysterious and evil "when the hurly burly's done, when the battles lost and won". ...read more.


Shakespeare adds a lot of different moods, he does keep to discontented moods rather than joyful ones this is because a darker and forlorn atmosphere causes a greater affect on the play. The witches are evil and they prove this "I will drain him as dry as hay" the witches are going to get Macbeth and he doesn't even know it "he shall live a man forbid". The witches also try to prophecy for Banquo but he doesn't react in the same way as Macbeth because Banquo doesn't have the driving ambition that Macbeth has and he is loyal to his king and isn't an evil man. Macbeth maybe evil but is loath to kill his king this is because Macbeth knows Duncan is the rightful king and Duncan has been good to Macbeth. I think the main themes of the play are ambition, choice, appearance versus reality, evil, the fall of a great man and deception. The main purpose of act 1 is to introduce us to the characters and themes of the play, it prepares the audience to what is to come, it makes us keen to what is going to happen. ...read more.


The witches had really thought this out, and were slowly killing Macbeth through their unfathomable, murky and evil powers and through there, which strictly speaking had all come true. So who was responsible for Macbeth's death? Was it the witches, Macduff, Lady Macbeth or Macbeth himself? Yes it does seem that the witches were to blame, but Macbeth was willing to go along with the prophecies but then also decided to make them come true by killing King Duncan and Banquo, so was it his own fault? The battle between Macduff and Macbeth showed you that the witches had got their way by causing pandemonium and this is exactly what they wanted and so Macduff stood triumphantly over Macbeth. The question is whether or not Macbeth is independent in his thinking or whether the witches control him, is one that is cause for debate. Witches have long been thought to have power over mere mortals. If the witches did not control him, they did plant the seeds of ideas in his head, and this is what controlled Macbeth. ...read more.

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