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Macbeth - Who is responsible for the death of Duncan?

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Who is responsible for the death of Duncan? Macbeth received 3 prophecy's at the start of the play after hearing this he knew one was true which was thane of Glamis. Then after he gets the message of becoming thane of Cawdor it made him believe that there is a chance for him to become King. So he writes a letter to his wife about what happened and she wants him to come home to her so she can plot the death of Duncan. Macbeth kills Duncan with a dagger but he is not wholly responsible because lady Macbeth along with others also is responsible. The witches words to Macbeth were: "All hail, Macbeth! hail to thee, Thane of Glamis! All hail, Macbeth! hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor! All hail, Macbeth! that shalt be king hereafter." These words are very important in the play as they make the witches most responsible at the start at the play because these words first played around with Macbeth's mind after he heard of being thane of Cawdor if the witches didn't tell him about these prophecies the thought of being king wouldn't enter his mind. This holds the witches very responsible to my point of view. Witches were known to have special powers such as psychic powers and were able to cast spells. ...read more.


There is no plan of murder in his mind before he returns home. The only threat to him is Malcolm being prince of Cumberland. On his return to home he still does not have a plan to murder the king but his wife does. He says if he is going to be king he will not have to murder Duncan but it would happen naturally we know this from another aside "If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me, without my stir. This also backs up the fact that he had no plan of a murder which is evidence. His soliloquy tells us he thinks of the murder now after the persuasion of lady Macbeth we know this when he says "If it were done, when 'tis done, then 'twere well It were done quickly". Then he thinks of reasons not kill the king he says how the king is hear on double trust one is he thinks Macbeth loyal to him and secondly Macbeth is the kings host and instead of killing him he should protect and guard the king. We know this when he says He's here in double trust: First, as I am his kinsman and his subject, Strong both against the deed; then, as his host Who should against his murderer shut the door Not bear the knife myself." ...read more.


She tells him on and on how her plan would not fail and goes through it in detail to change his mind towards the end. After all this summing up I have come to thee conclusion that not only one person is responsible but every one is in a chain some more responsible than others. Firstly it was the witches putting the words in his head but they at first are not responsible but when Macbeth gets the message of being thane of Cawdor gets Macbeth more exited to become king. This is where the witches now are more responsible. The king is also a little responsible because if he did not give Macbeth a title he would still have a negative view on two of the prophecies. But after this he sends a letter to his wife which gets her involved and I think she is at the highest position if I was to choose who was responsible because she got Macbeth to change his mind. She was also most forceful to change his mind. Macbeth is abit responsible because he was really forced by lady Macbeth and his first view is that i9t would happen naturally. But he is still responsible as he did commit the actual murder Least responsible are the guards but still abit because they agreed to have the wine even though they knew they had to protect the king Everyone is responsible one way or the other ...read more.

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