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Study the way in which 'Half-caste' and 'Nothings changed' display their attitudes towards racism The poem 'Half caste' is written by the poet John Agard, who was born in South America

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Introduction

Study the way in which 'Half-caste' and 'Nothings changed' display their attitudes towards racism The poem 'Half caste' is written by the poet John Agard, who was born in South America, with parents from mixed nationalities. The poem 'Nothings changed' is by Tatamkhulu Afrika who was raised as a white South African. The poems 'half caste' and 'nothings changed' have the same theme to both of the poems, and that theme is racism. In the poem 'nothings changed' the poem is about a black man who grew up in an all black, white segregated area, he despised the segregation in this society, and he comes back to this place expecting to see that the area has changed and there is no longer any segregation, but is shocked to see that racism (segregation) still exists in the area. The poem 'half caste' is about a half caste man speaking to an audience and debating the idea of half caste. ...read more.

Middle

Free verse gives the effect that the poem is slightly like a story. The point of this is to make the reader seem as if you are following the person in the poem. The poem 'half caste has one reference of rhyme in it 'glow, shadow, tomorrow' this rhyming makes the poem seem like a well planned argument rather than a rant. This gives the effect that he is reasoning with someone in an argument (his audience). The rhythm in the poem 'nothings changed', starts off with a very slow rhythm to it, it sues mono-syllabic words ' small round hard stones click' this creates a slow harsh bitter mood. During the 2nd stanza the pace speeds up, he begins to use repetition 'and my hands, and my skin, and... and...' this repetition of the word 'and' shows his anger rising, consequently causing the poems pace to quicken dramatically. Once again the rhythm changes, this change occurs in the 4th stanza 'no sign says it, but we know where we belong' the rhythm is slower meaning that he is sad. ...read more.

Conclusion

The poet also uses Creole 'explain yuself', by the poet using Creole it shows he is comfortable with both sides of his background. In the poem 'nothings changed' the poet uses alliteration and one syllable words to tell his poem. 'Cuffs, cans, crunch' by using mono-syllabic words the poem seems sad, but it also makes it seem snappy and hard hitting. Afrika also uses onomatopoeias 'click, crunch'. Onomatopoeias are words that sound like the sound they make. Both of the poems are expressing their hate for racism they have told it in two different perspectives one from each poet. Tatamkhula afrika has a more aggressive view of racism, he despises it. On the other hand john agard has a more conversational attitude to racism he debates about it and is able to laugh the idea of racism off. John agards poem interested me the most, because I was interested to hear about his ideas on racism (half caste). In conclusion I agree with both poets about their view on racism, racism is for the small minded and it should be stopped. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ravi Verma 10 R ...read more.

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