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Task: Discuss how Dickens establishes the identity of young Pip at the start of the Novel. Consider: v How the Novel/ Pip's journey is a 'Bildungsroman'v What Pip wants/ How he changes

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Introduction

GREAT EXPECTATIONS TASK: DISCUSS HOW DICKENS ESTABLISHES THE IDENTITY OF YOUNG PIP AT THE START OF THE NOVEL. CONSIDER: * HOW THE NOVEL/ PIP'S JOURNEY IS A 'BILDUNGSROMAN' * WHAT PIP WANTS/ HOW HE CHANGES * HOW DICKENS MATCHES SETTING TO CHARATER * VICTORIAN SOCIETY/ PENAL, CRIMINAL SYSTEM, EDUCATION * PIP AS A NARRATOR/ HIS DESCRIPTION OF HIS AMBITIONS Great Expectations was written in 1860 by Charles Dickens, and is set in the Early Victorian Ages. In this novel we follow, a main protagonist, Pip, however his legal name is Phillip Pirrip, "my infant tongue could make of both names nothing longer or more explicit than Pip. So I called myself Pip, and came to be called Pip." Dickens effectively establishes the identity of young Pip at the start of the novel through his use of setting and first person narration. Great Expectations is classed as a Bildungsroman. This refers to a novel of self-development, or a story of one person's individual growth through out their life, from a child to a mature adult. Like all other stereotypical Bildungsromans, Great Expectations also has their main protagonist's ambition to win over the heart of a particular beautiful young woman. In the this case, it is Pip trying to become a gentleman, so that he could be classed as the same standard as Estella, his goal. In a stereotypical 'Bildungsromans', the main protagonist is usually an orphan, Great Expectations also follows this tradition as the main protagonist, Pip is an orphan, and we could infer this, as his parents are "late of this parish". 'Bildungsromans" are often stories told by the main protagonist looking back on their life and how they got to where they are now. Again, Great Expectations follows this tradition, Pip, the main protagonist, is also the narrator of the book, looking back on his life, how it changed, the hardships he has faced, and the mistakes he had made along his journey, which has brought his to where he is now. ...read more.

Middle

All this could be inferred from the quoted, "it seemed to my oppressed conscience like a phantom devoting me to the Hulks." and "This was very disagreeable to a guilty mind." This part of the story shows the reader a new side of Pip's character. Pip is now facing his fear of the convict, he is not worried that about the fact that he has stolen and is only concerned for his life. Pip is now changing, he is no longer the innocent little boy we see at the start of the story, he is now more daring and not as conscious of what he is doing. Dickens uses setting to convey Pip's feelings. He does so by setting a harsh and trecherous landscape to show Pip's unease. Dickens makes the setting is dark, cold and misty and makes us infer by using Pip's thoughts that this is how Pip's mind must also be. Pip is unsure of what he is doing and as the setting is misty it shows the reader that it, the setting it unsure itself. The setting is described as fearful and this makes Pip feel scared, "I saw the damp lying on the bare hedges and spare grass, like a coarser sort of spiders' webs; hanging itself from twig to twig and blade to blade." This quote shows the landscape as damp and wet from early morning fog and rain, it creates the sense of unease in Pip's mind because it looks like something out of a horror movie. In Chapter 8 Pip visits Ms Havisham's House, Satis House to play. Whilst there he meets a girl roughly the same age as him, called Estella. Estella is very proud of who she is and is also very rude towards Pip. Pip thinks Estella is beautiful even though she calls him "course" and "boy". From these quotes, we infer that Estella feels superior to Pip because of where he is in the social hierarchy compared to where she is in the social hierarchy. ...read more.

Conclusion

The introduction of Ms Havisham and Estella made Pip want to change himself for Estella, he wanted to become a gentleman so that he could be classed in the same class as Estella. Pip now faces a choice weather to become a gentleman and win over Estella's heart and loose Joe's friendship or to keep Joe's friendship and loose Estella. The Older Pip, the narrator of the story is looking back on his life explaining his mistakes and his actions. He is disappointed about the way he acted all those years ago. Victorian Education was a joke. None of the pupils learned anything, and went to school for a laugh. The education system in the story reflects the education Dickens received as a child. 'Great Expectations' is a stereotypical 'Bildungsroman' because it follows the traditions that all stereotypical 'Bildungsromans' follow. Many links could be made between the major and minor factors in "Great Expectations" and all other stereotypical 'Bildungsromans'. At the start of the novel Pip is an innocent little orphan boy. He lives with his sister and brother-in-law, Joe. Pip and Joe are best friends but through out the course of the novel their relationship changes. Mrs Joe, Pip's older sister has brought Pip up "by hand", which means that she has disciplined him using a whip, "Tickler". As a result Pip is very well mannered as we learn from his confrontation with the convict, Magwitch. The start of the novel follows the traditions of a stereotypical 'Bildungsroman' because we meet an orphan who is confused about his past and his identity. His main goal is to become a gentleman so that he could be classed in the same class as a particular girl that he fancies. To achieve this goal he must make sacrifices. The major sacrifice Pip must make is his friendship with Joe. Later he realises that class does not equate with happiness. ?? ?? ?? ?? Asim Macci Great Expectations 10R English Coursework Page 7 Asim Macci 10R English Coursework Page 1 ...read more.

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