• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The History and Context of Club Culture.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THE HISTORY AND CONTEXT OF CLUB CULTURE "History is hard to know because of all the hired bullshit, but even without being sure of history it seems entirely reasonable that every now and then the energy of a whole generation comes to a head in a long fine flash, for reasons that nobody really understands at the time, and which never explain, in retrospect, what really happened" (Hunter.S.Thompson, "Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas") The late 1980's saw the emergence of a hugely significant social phenomenon. Rave culture (or club culture as it is now most commonly referred to), is of massive appeal to many young people and statistics by Mintel show that 15.7 million people in Britain go clubbing each weekend (Mintel:1996). Clubbing has become a major cultural industry and cities such as Sheffield, Leeds and Manchester to name but a few, all have well developed clubbing industries making a substantial contribution to the local cities economy. Many cities have actively pursued inner city regeneration programmes partially based on the nighttime economy and attraction of clubbers (Malbon 1999:6). Club culture has become a notable area of study for two main reasons. ...read more.

Middle

Whereas previous youth culture movements such as the punks or the hippies posed a threat to social order, club culture provided another way of dealing with an oppressive society - an option of temporary escapism. Rietveld has suggested that Acid House music was perfect to enable such escapism; "When one is in opposition, the thing that is opposed is acknowledged. When one escapes instead of opposes, no alternative moral values are proposed at all" (Hillegonda Rietveld quoted in Redhead et al 1993:66) The details of the emergence of club culture are complex, however the broad outline is clear. Acid House was the first genre of music to played in British nightclubs, its name holding heavy connections with the drug LSD. The roots of acid house lie with American black and gay club culture, and the music was imported from that being played in New York, Detroit and Chicago; "Out of New York, Chicago and Detroit had come sounds that would change the world of popular music: garage, house and techno, three interlinked strands with similar premises - the use of technology to heighten perception and pleasure, and the release from mundane, workaday existence into fanatic visions of drama, vitality and joy" (Collin 1997:24) ...read more.

Conclusion

It is no longer a separate underground leisure activity, it now has specialised (or niche) radio, television and written media, has created an abundance of jobs both directly and indirectly involved with the scene, and Dj's are no longer seen as faceless disc spinners, but are now household names to many and can arguably be described as 'celebrities'. Clubs such as 'Ministry of Sound' in London, 'Gatecrasher' in Sheffield and 'Cream' in Liverpool are all now globally recognised, producing a variety of albums each year which many young people buy without even being old enough to attend the club. Magazines such as 'Mixmag', 'Musik' and 'Ministry' have all referred to these clubs as 'brand names'. In addition to this the Island of Ibiza has been described as "the clubbing Mecca" (Mixmag June 2002), attracting thousands of young British clubbers each year with one aim - to club! Despite the massive possibilities this pastime holds for study "the latest and by a long way probably the largest and most influential of recent young people's cultures or styles in Britain can be found in club cultures" (Malbon 1999:16), the sociological literature on the topic is in fact quite sparse, and what is available tends to be quite diverse and with distinct preoccupations. 1 See Appendix for definitions ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing poems section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing poems essays

  1. Clash of cultures coursework

    had since finding out that his wife is pregnant, and this gives the reader the impression that maybe he is only acting this way because of this reason. However his newfound friendliness could also be a result of Cathy's compliance with the expectation to have children, which is what married

  2. What is a culture? How does it affect the behaviour of an individual?

    Loyalty to employer is not a virtue for them (low uncertainty avoidance). Managers are expected to be facilitator rather than expert. They are less inhibited about approaching an outsider for advice (Adler, N.J., 2002). As a feminine culture concern is more for quality of relationship and work life rather than materialistic objects and promotions.

  1. Comparison between Dulce et Decorum Est & The Last Night

    And we are forced to agree, having been witness to the preceding bloodshed. "If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs... thy friend, you could not tell with such high zest, to children ardent for some desperate glory, The Old Lie:", this quotation

  2. Different Cultures

    "I have to go and cook, my father will be home soon" demonstrates her beliefs on women as an object to cook food. It's a typical female role especially in her culture. She feels there is no need for a woman in a big city.

  1. Examine the way in which Culture affects the relationships of the main characters in ...

    They burry the baby on the same day, but soon after the police get involved, wanting to know exactly how it died they examine the body and find that it is poisoned; they question Paulus who is accused of killing the child.

  2. Travel literature

    They are to be brought up in a healthy environment and thought the rightful things in life. Thomson also disapproves the way the servants were treated. They have to hold the golden vases for their mistress to spit their betel-nuts juice and crowd in their hands and knees behind their masters.

  1. Cultural Appropriation and Its Affects On Other Cultures.

    and a Ojibway woman from Manitoba the chance to see how a group of Czechs and Slovaks "get in touch with the North American aboriginal way of life and (how they) live it".4 At the beginning of the film not only was I in shock at how these people were

  2. What can you learn about teenage fashion from source one?

    They also do not give us a comparison with another time period. Source 1 is limited because it tells us a lot about the fashion for women; it neglects the male fashion (teenage boy's fashion). It is only the opinion of one woman expressed and from the source we cannot

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work