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These texts establish parameters for future horror stories. How do we see the genre emerging in the two novels?

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These texts establish parameters for future horror stories. How do we see the genre emerging in the two novels? The novel of 'Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley and 'Dracula', by Bram Stoker are undoubtedly amongst the greatest novels within the Gothic Horror Genre that have ever been written. Shelley and Stoker wrote at opposing ends of the nineteenth century, a century full of people who seem to have been obsessed with the Gothic tradition and supernatural. Many novelists were inspired to write great horror stories, and hence, the Gothic tradition is reflected in their work and used as a device in which to build tension, suspense and fear within the reader's mind. What Shelley and Stoker did not know was that they had established parameters for future horror stories to come. Frankenstein is a novel, which is based on story telling and reminiscing, thus history. As opposed to Dracula, which is written as events happen, Frankenstein is written looking back in retrospect. ...read more.


Dracula represents deviant sexuality. Dracula displays the breakdown of normal gender roles posed by the New woman, by creating a physical transformation from the sexually passive women into the sexually aggressive vampire in his victims. In contrast to this theme, Frankenstein creates the monster and usurping the role of women, Victor is also rejecting normal human sexuality. His terrible nightmare after the creation of the monster seems to support the idea that Victor is repelled by normal sexuality. When he attempts to kiss Elizabeth, she turns into a corpse, the corpse of Victor's mother, perhaps indicating that Victor is frightened by incestuous desires. His response to his father's suggestions that he marry may be read as a highly telling revelation of his feelings about sexuality, "Alas! To me the idea of an immediate union with my Elizabeth was one of horror and dismay" He explains that this is because the threat of the monster still hangs over him, but other readings are certainly possible. ...read more.


Contrary to popular understanding, Stoker has his Dracula sporting a large, bushy Victorian mustache and having profuse head of dense, curly hair, massive eyebrows, and peculiarly sharp white teeth, especially the canine teeth. Dracula also posses astonishing vitality, as witnessed every time that he appears in a difficult situation. (need more on Dracula) The monster is essentially benevolent, innocent and freed from prejudice, he represents the possibility of a new start. Peter Brooks argues that 2the story of his education is a classic study of right natural instinct perverted and turned evil by social culture. As his education proceeds, as he moves from nature to culture, the monster learns more and more of the injustices of society. As he learns about emotions and comes to desire love and companionship, he is rejected because of his physical ugliness. It is interesting how Shelley create such a love yearning creature into such a terrifying monster. Sophie Johnstone English course work Dracula, Bram Stoker Frankenstein, Mary Shelley ...read more.

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