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'Tragedy emerges from the clash between individual hopes and the demands and society'. Compare and contrast your two chosen texts in the light of this comment.

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Introduction

Claire Barnes 'Tragedy emerges from the clash between individual hopes and the demands and society'. Compare and contrast your two chosen texts in the light of this comment. (50marks) Throughout the ages tragedy has been given different definitions by society. A Greek tragedy translates as 'goat song'. A Greek tragedy was a drama that affirmed the meaning of life and community. A Roman tragedy was the ability to meet harsh conditions in a state of calm, passive acceptance. The tragedy would teach citizens to face situations socially. A renaissance tragedy was the consequences of transgression in a world governed by divine justice. A tragedy was typified by the suffering of someone who had transgressed. Whereas Jacobean tragedies were domestically based, concerned with household events, however characters were often great significant people. However only recently events have become concerned with ordinary people, this is known as a modern tragedy. Ancients needed tragedy to establish a sense of stable community. ...read more.

Middle

Similar to Catherine of W.H Eustacia is a passionate and cultured woman. Eustacia has spent time in the town of Budmoth, this offered an insight into social, and technical advancements. As a result of this she longs to escape the Heath and find freedom. Eustacia is unable to leave the heath without being accompanied by a male. A typical 19th century woman had characteristics of, demureness, submissiveness, and was expected to be passive. However the characteristics of Eustacia do not fit this as she is dark, mysterious and passionate, therefore her tragedy is death. Whilst attempting to escape the heath with Wildeve she is reclaimed due to bad weather. The death of Eustacia is possibly a symbolic in that conventions should not be broken as your fate will be one of tragedy. However through death Hardy gives Eustacia a sense of escape, "luminous youthfulness", she is also described as being, "light". ...read more.

Conclusion

He wishes to introduce a new education system to the heath, however it is ironic that he "hates talking of Paris" but wishes to introduce its advanced ideas. Clym hopes to breakdown the class boundaries that were extremely rigid during the 19th century and make them more flexible through educating the heath folk. However the heath folk see no need for an education system and are content with the current system they have. They also wish for the class system to remain in tact and are happy with their place in society. Inevitably Clym becomes the tragic hero of the novel as he falls from a respected, high position in society to a furze cutter who isn't taken seriously by other members in the community. Due to Clym's metaphorical blindness of the demands of society he physically loses his sight as a result of intense reading. This possibly symbolises how education is valued by the heath folk. In conclusion tragedy does appear to emerge from the clash between individual hopes and the demands of the 19th century society. Word count=1025 ...read more.

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